Opel Crossland X (2018 year). Manual - part 9

 

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Opel Crossland X (2018 year). Manual - part 9

 

 

134

Driving and operating

0 : ignition off: Some functions

remain active until key is

removed or driver's door is

opened, provided the ignition was

on previously

1 : ignition on power mode: Ignition

is on, diesel engine is preheating.

Control indicators illuminate and

most electrical functions are

operable

2 : engine start: Release key after

after engine has been started

Steering wheel lock

Remove key from ignition switch and

turn steering wheel until it engages.

9 Danger

Never remove the key from

ignition switch during driving as

this will cause steering wheel lock.

Power button

Electronic key must be inside the

vehicle.
Engine start

Operate clutch pedal (manual

transmission) or brake pedal

(automatic transmission) and press

Start/Stop. Release button after

starting procedure begins. Diesel

engine starts after preheating.

Ignition on power mode without

starting the engine

Press Start/Stop without operating

clutch or brake pedal. Control

indicators illuminate and most

electrical functions are operable.
Engine and ignition off

Press Start/Stop briefly in each mode

or when engine is running and vehicle

is stationary. Some functions remain

active until driver's door is opened,

provided the ignition was on

previously.
Emergency shut off during driving

Press Start/Stop for five seconds

3

 136. Steering wheel locks as soon

as vehicle is stationary.

Steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock activates

automatically when:

● The vehicle is stationary.
● The ignition has been switched

off.

To release steering wheel lock, open

and close driver's door and switch on

accessory mode or start the engine

directly.

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Driving and operating

135

9 Warning

If the vehicle battery is discharged,

the vehicle must not be towed,

tow-started or jump-started as the

steering wheel lock cannot be

disengaged.

Operation on vehicles with

electronic key system in case of

failure

If either the electronic key fails or the

battery of the electronic key is weak,

the Driver Information Centre may

display No Remote Detected or

Replace Battery in Remote Key when

you try to start the vehicle.

Hold the electronic key with buttons

outside at the marking on the steering

column cover as shown in the

illustration.
Depress the clutch pedal (manual

transmission) or the brake pedal

(automatic transmission or manual

transmission automated) and press

Start/Stop button to start the engine.
This option is intended for

emergencies only. Replace the

electronic key battery as soon as

possible 3 24.
For unlocking or locking the doors,

see fault in radio remote control unit

or electronic key system 3 25.

Power saving mode

This function manages the duration of

using certain systems to avoid

discharging of the vehicle battery.

After the engine has stopped, some

systems can still be used such as the

audio and telematics system,

windscreen wipers, dipped beam

headlamps, courtesy lamps, etc. for a

total maximum time of about forty

minutes.

Changing into power saving

mode

When a certain discharging status of

the vehicle battery is achieved, the

active functions are switched in

standby mode. A message appears in

the Driver Information Centre

indicating Power saving mode.
A telephone call being made at this

time will be maintained for around 10

minutes with the Bluetooth handsfree

system of the Infotainment system.

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136

Driving and operating

Deactivating power saving mode

Standby mode is reactivated

automatically next time the vehicle is

driven. To use the functions

immediately, start the engine:

● for less than ten minutes to use

the systems for approximately

five minutes

● for more than ten minutes to use

the systems for up to

approximately thirty minutes.

Have the engine run for the duration

specified to ensure that the battery

charge is sufficient. Do not repeatedly

and continuously restart the engine in

order to charge the battery.

Starting the engine

Vehicles with ignition switch

Turn key to position 1 to release the

steering wheel lock.
Manual transmission: operate clutch

and brake pedal.
Automatic transmission: operate

brake pedal and move selector lever

to P or N.
Do not operate accelerator pedal.
Diesel engines: wait until control

indicator ! extinguishes.

Turn key briefly to position 2 and

release after the engine has been

started.
Manual transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by depressing the clutch pedal

3

 138.

Automatic transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by releasing the brake pedal 3 138.

Vehicles with power button

Manual transmission: operate clutch

and brake pedal.

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Driving and operating

137

Automatic transmission: operate

brake pedal and move selector lever

to P or N.
Do not operate accelerator pedal.
Press and release Start/Stop: an

automatic procedure operates the

starter with a short delay until the

engine is running.
Before restarting or to switch off the

engine when vehicle is stationary,

press Start/Stop once more briefly.
Manual transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by depressing the clutch pedal

3

 138.

Automatic transmission: during an

Autostop, the engine can be started

by releasing the brake pedal 3 138.

Emergency shut off during driving

If the engine needs to be switched off

during driving in case of emergency,

press Start/Stop for five seconds.

9 Danger

Switching off the engine during

driving may cause loss of power

support for brake and steering

systems. Assistance systems and

airbag systems are disabled.

Lighting and brake lights will

extinguish. Therefore power down

the engine and ignition while

driving only when required in case

of emergency.

Starting the vehicle at low

temperatures

Starting the engine without additional

heaters is possible down to -25 °С for

diesel engines and -30 °C for petrol

engines. Required is an engine oil

with the correct viscosity, the correct

fuel, performed services and a

sufficiently charged vehicle battery.

With temperatures below -30 °C the

automatic transmission requires a

warming phase of approx.

five minutes. The selector lever must

be in position P.

Heating functionalities

Note

Individual heating functionalities,

such as heated seats or heated

steering wheel, may be temporarily

unavailable in the event of electrical

loading constraints. Functions will

be resumed after some minutes.

Turbo engine warm-up

Upon start-up, engine available

torque may be limited for a short time,

especially when the engine

temperature is cold. The limitation is

to allow the lubrication system to fully

protect the engine.

Overrun cut-off

The fuel supply is automatically cut off

during overrun, i.e. when the vehicle

is driven with a gear engaged but

accelerator pedal is released.
Depending on driving conditions, the

overrun cut-off may be deactivated.

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138

Driving and operating

Stop-start system

The stop-start system helps to save

fuel and to reduce the exhaust

emissions. When conditions allow, it

switches off the engine as soon as the

vehicle is at a low speed or at a

standstill, e.g. at a traffic light or in a

traffic jam.

Activation

The stop-start system is available as

soon as the engine is started, the

vehicle starts-off and the conditions

as stated below in this section are

fulfilled.

Deactivation

Deactivate the stop-start system

manually by pressing Ò. The

deactivation is indicated when the

LED in the button illuminates.

Autostop

Vehicles with manual transmission

An Autostop can be activated at a

standstill.
Activate an Autostop as follows:

● Depress the clutch pedal.
● Set the lever to neutral.
● Release the clutch pedal.

The engine will be switched off while

the ignition stays on.
Vehicles with automatic transmission

If the vehicle is at a standstill with

depressed brake pedal, Autostop is

activated automatically.
The engine will be switched off while

the ignition stays on.
The stop-start system will be disabled

on inclines.

Indication

An Autostop is indicated by control

indicator D.
During an Autostop, the heating and

brake performance will be

maintained.

Conditions for an Autostop

The stop-start system checks if each

of the following conditions is fulfilled.

● The stop-start system is not

manually deactivated.

● The driver's door is closed or the

driver's seat belt is fastened.

● The vehicle battery is sufficiently

charged and in good condition.

● The engine is warmed up.
● The engine coolant temperature

is not too high.

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Driving and operating

139

● The engine exhaust temperature

is not too high, e.g. after driving

with high engine load.

● The ambient temperature is

sufficient.

● The climate control system

allows an Autostop.

● The brake vacuum is sufficient.
● The self-cleaning function of the

diesel particle filter is not active.

Otherwise an Autostop will be

inhibited.
Certain settings of the climate control

system may inhibit an Autostop. See

Climate control chapter for more

details 3 121.
If an autostop is temporarily not

available, D flashes green 3 95.
Immediately after driving at a higher

speed an Autostop may be inhibited.
New vehicle running-in 3 133.

Vehicle battery discharge protection

To ensure reliable engine restarts,

several vehicle battery discharge

protection features are implemented

as part of the stop-start system.

Power saving measures

During an Autostop, several electrical

features such as auxiliary electric

heater or rear window heating are

disabled or switched to a power

saving mode. The fan speed of the

climate control system is reduced to

save power.

Restart of the engine by the driver

Vehicles with manual transmission

Conventional restart

All engines have conventional restart.
Depress the clutch pedal without

depressing the brake pedal to restart

the engine.
On engines with late restart a

conventional restart is only possible

without depressed brake pedal.

Restart of the engine by the stop-

start system

The selector lever must be in neutral

to enable an automatic restart.
If one of the following conditions

occurs during an Autostop, the

engine will be restarted automatically

by the stop-start system:

● The stop-start system is

manually deactivated.

● The driver's seat belt is

unfastened or the driver's door is

opened.

● The engine temperature is too

low.

● The charging level of the vehicle

battery is below a defined level.

● The brake vacuum is not

sufficient.

● The climate control system

requests an engine start.

● The air conditioning is manually

switched on.

If an electrical accessory, e.g. a

portable CD player, is connected to

the power outlet, a brief power drop

during the restart might be noticeable.

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140

Driving and operating

Parking

9 Warning

● Do not park the vehicle on an

easily ignitable surface. The

high temperature of the

exhaust system could ignite the

surface.

● Always apply the parking

brake. Activate the manual

parking brake without pressing

the release button. Apply as

firmly as possible on a downhill

slope or uphill slope. Depress

brake pedal at the same time to

reduce operating force.

● Switch off the engine.
● If the vehicle is on a level

surface or uphill slope, engage

first gear or set the selector

lever to position P before

removing the ignition key or

switching off ignition on

vehicles with power button. On

an uphill slope, turn the front

wheels away from the kerb.

If the vehicle is on a downhill

slope, engage reverse gear or

set the selector lever to position

P before removing the ignition

key or switching off ignition on

vehicles with power button.

Turn the front wheels towards

the kerb.

● Close the windows.
● Remove the ignition key from

the ignition switch or switch off

ignition on vehicles with power

button. Turn the steering wheel

until the steering wheel lock is

felt to engage.

● Lock the vehicle.
● Activate the anti-theft alarm

system.

● The engine cooling fans may run

after the engine has been

switched off 3 187.

Caution

After running at high engine

speeds or with high engine loads,

operate the engine briefly at a low

load or run in neutral for

approx. 30 seconds before

switching off, in order to protect

the turbocharger.

Note

In the event of an accident with

airbag deployment, the engine is

switched off automatically if the

vehicle comes to a standstill within a

certain time.

Emergency operation under

extreme cold temperatures

9 Warning

This emergency operation may

only be carried out in case of

extremely cold temperatures and if

the vehicle is parked on a level

surface.

In countries with extreme cold

temperatures it may be necessary to

park the vehicle without applied

parking brake.
This is an emergency operation to

avoid freezing of the parking brake.

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Driving and operating

141

Engine exhaust

9 Danger

Engine exhaust gases contain

poisonous carbon monoxide,

which is colourless and odourless

and could be fatal if inhaled.
If exhaust gases enter the interior

of the vehicle, open the windows.

Have the cause of the fault

rectified by a workshop.
Avoid driving with an open load

compartment, otherwise exhaust

gases could enter the vehicle.

Diesel particle filter

Automatic cleaning process

The diesel particle filter system filters

harmful soot particles out of the

exhaust gases.
The start of saturation of the particle

filter is indicated by the temporary

illumination of % or H,

accompanied by a message in the

Driver Information Centre.

As soon as the traffic conditions

permit, regenerate the filter by driving

at a vehicle speed of at least 60 km/h

until the control indicator

extinguishes.

Note

On a new vehicle, the first particle

filter regeneration operations may

be accompanied by a burning smell,

which is normal. Following

prolonged operation of the vehicle at

very low speed or at idle, you may,

in exceptional circumstances, notice

the emission of water vapour at the

exhaust on acceleration. This does

not affect the behaviour of the

vehicle or the environment.

Cleaning process not possible

If % or H stays on, accompanied

by an audible signal and a message,

this indicates that the particle filter

additive level is too low.
The reservoir must be topped-up

without delay. Seek the assistance of

a workshop.

Catalytic converter

The catalytic converter reduces the

amount of harmful substances in the

exhaust gases.

Caution

Fuel grades other than those listed

on pages 3 177, 3 233 could

damage the catalytic converter or

electronic components.
Unburnt petrol will overheat and

damage the catalytic converter.

Therefore avoid excessive use of

the starter, running the fuel tank

dry and starting the engine by

pushing or towing.

In the event of misfiring, uneven

engine running, a reduction in engine

performance or other unusual

problems, have the cause of the fault

rectified by a workshop as soon as

possible. In an emergency, driving

can be continued for a short period,

keeping vehicle speed and engine

speed low.

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142

Driving and operating

AdBlue

General information

The selective catalytic reduction

(BlueInjection) is a method to

substantially reduce the nitrogen

oxides in the exhaust emission. This

is achieved by injecting a Diesel

Exhaust Fluid (DEF) into the exhaust

system. The ammonia released by

the fluid reacts with nitrous gases

(NO

x

) from the exhaust and turns it

into nitrogen and water.
The designation of this fluid is

AdBlue

®

. It is a non-toxic, non-

flammable, colourless and odourless

fluid which consists of 32% urea and

68% water.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of your eyes or skin

with AdBlue.
In case of eye or skin contact,

rinse off with water.

Caution

Avoid contact of the paintwork with

AdBlue.
In case of contact, rinse off with

water.

AdBlue freezes at a temperature of

approx. -11 °C. As the vehicle is

equipped with an AdBlue pre-heater,

the emissions reduction at low

temperatures is ensured. The AdBlue

pre-heater works automatically.

Level warnings

The AdBlue consumption is

approximately 0.7 litres per 1000 km.

The consumption can be higher

depending on driving behaviour (e.g.

high load or towing).
Depending on the calculated range of

AdBlue, different messages are

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre. The messages and the

restrictions are a legal requirement.

The first possible warning message

appears at an AdBlue range below

2400 km, shows up at each start and

each 300 km range reduction:
Top up AdBlue: Starting impossible in

2400 km
Additionally, control indicator Y

illuminates continuously and a chime

sounds with every message pop-up.
At an AdBlue range below 600 km,

the following warning message is

being displayed, shows up at each

start and each 20 km range reduction:
Top up AdBlue: Starting impossible in

600 km
Additionally, control indicator Y

flashes continuously and a chime

sounds with every message pop-up.

Note

In case of high AdBlue consumption,

the Driver Information Centre may

display this warning without the

previous warning stages.

The last warning level is entered

when the AdBlue tank is empty.

Restart of the engine is not possible.

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Driving and operating

143

The following warning message is

being displayed and cannot be

dismissed:
Top up AdBlue: Starting impossible
Additionally, control indicator Y

flashes continuously and engine

cannot be restarted until AdBlue tank

is being filled with at least 5 litres.

High emission warnings

If the exhaust emission rises above a

certain value, warnings similar to the

range warnings will be displayed in

the Driver Information Centre.
Requests to have the exhaust system

checked and finally the

announcement of the prevention of

an engine restart are displayed.

These restrictions are a legal

requirement.
Consult a workshop for assistance.

Refilling AdBlue

Caution

Only use AdBlue that complies

with European standards

DIN 70 070 and ISO 22241-1.
Do not use additives.
Do not dilute AdBlue.
Otherwise the selective catalytic

reduction system could be

damaged.

Note

Whenever a filling pump with a

nozzle for passenger cars is not

available at a filling station, use only

AdBlue bottles or canisters with a

sealed refill adapter for refilling, to

prevent splashback and overspill,

and in order to ensure that the fumes

from the tank are captured and do

not emerge. AdBlue in bottles or

canisters is available in many filling

stations and can be purchased e.g.

at Opel dealers and other retail

outlets.

Since AdBlue has a limited

durability, check the date of expiry

before refilling.
Note

When AdBlue-tank is empty, refill at

least five litresto ensure that the new

AdBlue level is being detected.
In case AdBlue refill is not

successfully detected:

1. Continuously drive the vehicle

for ten minutes making sure that

vehicle speed is always higher

than 20 km/h.

2. If AdBlue refill is detected

successfully, AdBlue supply-

driven warnings or limitations will

disappear.

If AdBlue refill is still not detected,

seek the assistance of a workshop.
If AdBlue must be refilled at

temperatures below -11 °C, the

refilling of AdBlue may not be

detected by the system. In this

event, park the vehicle in a space

with a higher ambient temperature

until AdBlue is liquified.

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144

Driving and operating

Note

When unscrewing the protective cap

from the filler neck, ammonia fumes

may emerge. Do not inhale as the

fumes have a pungent smell. The

fumes are not harmful by inhalation.

It is recommended to fill the AdBlue

tank completely.
The vehicle must be parked on a level

surface.
The filler neck for AdBlue is located

behind the fuel filler flap, which is

located at left rear side of the vehicle.
The fuel filler flap can only be opened

if the vehicle is unlocked.

1. Remove key from ignition switch.
2. Close all doors to avoid ammonia

fumes entering the interior of the

vehicle.

3. Release the fuel filler flap by

pushing the flap 3 179.

4. Unscrew protective cap from the

filler neck.

5. Open AdBlue canister.
6. Mount one end of the hose on the

canister and screw the other end

on the filler neck.

7. Lift the canister until it is empty, or

until the flow from the canister has

stopped. This can take up to five

minutes.

8. Place the canister on the ground

to empty the hose, wait 15

seconds.

9. Unscrew the hose from the filler

neck.

10. Mount the protective cap and turn

clockwise until it engages.

Note

Dispose of AdBlue canister

according to environmental

requirements. Hose can be reused

after flushing with clear water before

AdBlue dries out.

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Driving and operating

145

Automatic transmission

The automatic transmission permits

automatic gearshifting (automatic

mode) or manual gearshifting

(manual mode).
Manual shifting is possible in manual

mode by tapping the selector lever to

+ or - 3 146.

Transmission display

The mode or selected gear is shown

in the Driver Information Centre.
In automatic mode, the driving

programme is indicated by D.

In manual mode, M and the number

of the selected gear is indicated.
R indicates reverse gear.
N indicates neutral position.
P indicates park position.

Selector lever

Move the selector lever in the shifting

gate as shown in the illustration

above.

P : park position, wheels are locked,

engage only when the vehicle is

stationary and the parking brake

is applied

R : reverse gear, engage only when

the vehicle is stationary

N : neutral

D : automatic mode

M : manual mode

<

: upshift in manual mode

]

: downshift in manual mode

The selector lever is locked in P and

can only be moved when the ignition

is on and the brake pedal is applied.
The engine can only be started with

the lever in position P or N. When

position N is selected, press the brake

pedal or apply the parking brake

before starting.
Do not accelerate while engaging a

gear. Never depress the accelerator

pedal and brake pedal at the same

time.
When a gear is engaged, the vehicle

slowly begins to creep when the

brake is released.

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146

Driving and operating

Engine braking

To utilise the engine braking effect,

select a lower gear in good time when

driving downhill, see manual mode.

Rocking the vehicle

Rocking the vehicle is only

permissible if the vehicle is stuck in

sand, mud or snow. Move the selector

lever between D and R in a repeat

pattern. Do not race the engine and

avoid sudden acceleration.

Parking

Apply the parking brake and engage

P.

Manual mode

Move selector lever out of position D

towards the left in position M.
Tap selector lever upwards + to shift

to a higher gear.
Tap the selector lever downwards - to

shift to a lower gear.
If a higher gear is selected when

vehicle speed is too low, or a lower

gear when vehicle speed is too high,

the shift is not executed. This can

cause a message in the Driver

Information Centre.

In manual mode, no automatic

shifting to a higher gear takes place

at high engine revolutions.

Gear shift indication

R

 with the number of a higher gear is

indicated, when upshifting is

recommended for fuel saving

reasons.
Shift indication appears only in

manual mode.

Electronic driving

programmes

● Following a cold start, the

operating temperature

programme increases engine

speed to quickly bring the

catalytic converter to the required

temperature.

● Special programmes

automatically adapt the shifting

points when driving up inclines or

down hills.

● In snowy or icy conditions or on

other slippery surfaces, the

electronic transmission control

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Driving and operating

147

enables the driver to select

manually first, second or third

gear for starting off.

Kickdown

Pressing down the accelerator pedal

beyond the kickdown detent will lead

to maximum acceleration

independent of selected driving

mode. The transmission shifts to a

lower gear depending on engine

speed.

Fault

In the event of a fault a message is

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre. Vehicle messages 3 102.
Electronic transmission control

enables only third gear. The

transmission no longer shifts

automatically.
Do not drive faster than 100 km/h.
Have the cause of the fault remedied

by a workshop.

Interruption of power supply

In the event of an interruption of

power supply, the selector lever

cannot be moved out of the P

position. The ignition key cannot be

removed from the ignition switch.
If the vehicle battery is discharged,

start the vehicle using jump leads

3

 217.

If the vehicle battery is not the cause

of the fault, release the selector lever.

1. Apply the parking brake.
2. Release the selector lever trim

from the centre console. Poke

with a finger into the leather

socket below the selector lever

and push the trim upwards.

3. Push down the button and move

the selector lever out of P. Have

the cause of the power supply

interruption remedied by a

workshop.

4. Mount the selector lever trim onto

the centre console and refit.

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148

Driving and operating

Manual transmission

To engage reverse on 5-speed

transmission, depress the clutch

pedal and move the selector lever to

the right and rear.

To engage reverse on 6-speed

transmission, depress the clutch

pedal, pull the ring under the selector

lever and move the selector lever

quite to the left and front.
If the gear does not engage, set the

lever to neutral, release the clutch

pedal and depress again; then repeat

gear selection.
Do not slip the clutch unnecessarily.
When operating, depress the clutch

pedal completely. Do not use the

pedal as a foot rest.

When clutch slip is detected for a

specific time, the engine power will be

reduced. A warning is displayed in the

Driver Information Centre. Release

the clutch.

Caution

It is not advisable to drive with the

hand resting on the selector lever.

Gear shift indication 3 93.
Stop-start system 3 138.

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Driving and operating

149

Brakes

The brake system comprises two

independent brake circuits.
If a brake circuit fails, the vehicle can

still be braked using the other brake

circuit. However, braking effect is

achieved only when the brake pedal

is depressed firmly. Considerably

more force is needed for this. The

braking distance is extended. Seek

the assistance of a workshop before

continuing the journey.
When the engine is not running, the

support of the brake servo unit

disappears once the brake pedal has

been depressed once or twice.

Braking effect is not reduced, but

braking requires significantly greater

force. It is especially important to bear

this in mind when being towed.
Control indicator R 3 92.

Antilock brake system

Antilock brake system (ABS)

prevents the wheels from locking.

ABS starts to regulate brake pressure

as soon as a wheel shows a tendency

to lock. The vehicle remains

steerable, even during hard braking.
ABS control is made apparent

through a pulse in the brake pedal

and the noise of the regulation

process.
For optimum braking, keep the brake

pedal fully depressed throughout the

braking process, despite the fact that

the pedal is pulsating. Do not reduce

the pressure on the pedal.
When braking in an emergency, the

hazard warning flashers are switched

on automatically depending on the

force of deceleration. They are

switched off automatically the first

time you accelerate.
After starting off, the system performs

a self-test which may be audible.

Control indicator u 3 92.

Fault

9 Warning

If there is a fault in the ABS, the

wheels may be liable to lock due

to braking that is heavier than

normal. The advantages of ABS

are no longer available. During

hard braking, the vehicle can no

longer be steered and may

swerve.

Have the cause of the fault remedied

by a workshop.

Parking brake

9 Warning

Before leaving the vehicle, check

parking brake status. Control

indicator R must illuminate

constantly.

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