Opel Astra GTC (2018 year). Manual - part 16

 

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Opel Astra GTC (2018 year). Manual - part 16

 

 

246

Vehicle care

Jump starting

Do not start with quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged vehicle

battery can be started using jump

leads and the vehicle battery of

another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the battery with

eyes, skin, fabrics and painted

surfaces. The fluid contains

sulphuric acid which can cause

injuries and damage in the event

of direct contact.

● Never expose the vehicle battery

to naked flames or sparks.

● A discharged vehicle battery can

already freeze at a temperature

of 0 °C. Defrost the frozen vehicle

battery before connecting jump

leads.

● Wear eye protection and

protective clothing when

handling a vehicle battery.

● Use a booster vehicle battery

with the same voltage (12 Volts).

Its capacity (Ah) must not be

much less than that of the

discharged vehicle battery.

● Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of

at least 16 mm

2

 (25 mm

2

 for

diesel engines).

● Do not disconnect the discharged

vehicle battery from the vehicle.

● Switch off all unnecessary

electrical consumers.

● Do not lean over the vehicle

battery during jump starting.

● Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

● The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during

the jump starting process.

● Apply the parking brake,

transmission in neutral,

automatic transmission in P.

● Open the positive terminal

protection caps of both vehicle

batteries.

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal of the booster

vehicle battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal of the

discharged vehicle battery.

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Vehicle care

247

3. Connect the black lead to the

negative terminal of the booster

vehicle battery.

4. Connect the other end of the black

lead to a vehicle grounding point,

such as the engine block or an

engine mounting bolt. Connect as

far away from the discharged

vehicle battery as possible,

however at least 60 cm.

Route the leads so that they cannot

catch on rotating parts in the engine

compartment.
To start the engine:

1. Start the engine of the vehicle

providing the jump.

2. After five minutes, start the other

engine. Start attempts should be

made for no longer than

15 seconds at an interval of one

minute.

3. Allow both engines to idle for

approx. three minutes with the

leads connected.

4. Switch on electrical consumers

(e.g. headlights, heated rear

window) of the vehicle receiving

the jump start.

5. Reverse above sequence exactly

when removing leads.

Towing

Towing the vehicle

Insert a screwdriver in the slot at the

lower part of the cap. Release the cap

by carefully moving the screwdriver

downwards.
The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 227.

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248

Vehicle care

Screw in the towing eye as far as it will

go until it stops in a horizontal

position.
Attach a tow rope – or better still a tow

rod – to the towing eye.
The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not for recovering the

vehicle.
Switch on ignition to release steering

wheel lock and to permit operation of

brake lights, horn and windscreen

wiper.
Switch the selector lever to neutral.
Release the parking brake.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

When the engine is not running,

considerably more force is needed to

brake and steer.
To prevent the entry of exhaust gases

from the towing vehicle, switch on the

air recirculation and close the

windows.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:

The vehicle must be towed facing

forwards, not faster than 80 km/h nor

further than 100 km. In all other cases

and when the transmission is

defective, the front axle must be

raised off the ground.
Seek the assistance of a workshop.
After towing, unscrew the towing eye.
Insert cap at the top and engage

downwards.

Towing another vehicle

Insert a screwdriver in the slot at the

lower bend of the cap. Release the

cap by carefully moving the

screwdriver downwards.
The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 227.

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Vehicle care

249

Screw in the towing eye as far as it will

go until it stops in a horizontal

position.
The lashing eye at the rear

underneath the vehicle must never be

used as a towing eye.
Attach a tow rope – or even better a

tow bar – to the towing eye.
The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not for recovering a

vehicle.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

After towing, unscrew the towing eye.
Insert cap at the top and engage

downwards.

Appearance care

Exterior care

Locks

The locks are lubricated at the factory

using a high quality lock cylinder

grease. Use de-icing agent only when

absolutely necessary, as this has a

degreasing effect and impairs lock

function. After using a de-icing agent,

have the locks regreased by a

workshop.

Washing

The paintwork of your vehicle is

exposed to environmental influences.

Wash and wax your vehicle regularly.

When using automatic vehicle

washes, select a programme that

includes waxing.
Bird droppings, dead insects, resin,

pollen and the like should be cleaned

off immediately, as they contain

aggressive constituents which can

cause paint damage.

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250

Vehicle care

If using a vehicle wash, comply with

the vehicle wash manufacturer's

instructions. The windscreen wiper

and rear window wiper must be

switched off. Remove antenna and

external accessories such as roof

racks etc.
If you wash your vehicle by hand,

make sure that the insides of the

wheel housings are also thoroughly

rinsed out.
Clean edges and folds on opened

doors and the bonnet as well as the

areas they cover.
Clean bright metal mouldings with a

cleaning solution approved for

aluminium to avoid damages.

Caution

Always use a cleaning agent with

a pH value of four to nine.
Do not use cleaning agents on hot

surfaces.

Have the door hinges of all doors

greased by a workshop.

Do not clean the engine compartment

with a steam-jet or high-pressure jet

cleaner.
On vehicles with emblem touchpad:

when cleaning with a high-pressure

jet cleaner ensure a minimum

distance of 30 cm when working

around the tailgate to prevent

unintended unlocking.
Thoroughly rinse and leather-off the

vehicle. Rinse leather frequently. Use

separate leathers for painted and

glass surfaces: remnants of wax on

the windows will impair vision.
Do not use hard objects to remove

spots of tar. Use tar removal spray on

painted surfaces.

Exterior lights

Headlight and other light covers are

made of plastic. Do not use any

abrasive or caustic agents, do not use

an ice scraper, and do not clean them

dry.

Polishing and waxing

Wax the vehicle regularly (at the

latest when water no longer beads).

Otherwise, the paintwork will dry out.
Polishing is necessary only if the paint

has become dull or if solid deposits

have become attached to it.
Paintwork polish with silicone forms a

protective film, making waxing

unnecessary.
Plastic body parts must not be treated

with wax or polishing agents.

Windows and windscreen wiper

blades

Use a soft lint-free cloth or chamois

leather together with window cleaner

and insect remover.
When cleaning the rear window from

inside, always wipe in parallel to the

heating element to prevent damage.
For mechanical removal of ice, use a

sharp-edged ice scraper. Press the

scraper firmly against the glass so

that no dirt can get under it and

scratch the glass.

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Vehicle care

251

Remove dirt residues from smearing

wiper blades by using a soft cloth and

window cleaner. Also make sure to

remove any residues such as wax,

insect residues and similar from the

window.
Ice residues, pollution and continuous

wiping on dry windows will damage or

even destroy the wiper blades.

Sunroof

Never clean with solvents or abrasive

agents, fuels, aggressive media

(e.g. paint cleaner, acetone-

containing solutions etc.), acidic or

highly alkaline media or abrasive

pads. Do not apply wax or polishing

agents to the sunroof.

Glass panel

Never clean with solvents or abrasive

agents, fuels, aggressive media

(e.g. paint cleaner, acetone-

containing solutions etc.), acidic or

highly alkaline media or abrasive

pads. Do not apply wax or polishing

agents to the glass panel.

Wheels and tyres

Do not use high-pressure jet

cleaners.
Clean rims with a pH-neutral wheel

cleaner.
Rims are painted and can be treated

with the same agents as the body.

Paintwork damage

Rectify minor paintwork damage with

a touch-up pen before rust forms.

Have more extensive damage or rust

areas repaired by a workshop.

Underbody

Some areas of the vehicle underbody

have a PVC undercoating while other

critical areas have a durable

protective wax coating.
After the underbody is washed, check

the underbody and have it waxed if

necessary.
Bitumen/rubber materials could

damage the PVC coating. Have

underbody work carried out by a

workshop.

Before and after winter, wash the

underbody and have the protective

wax coating checked.

Liquid gas system

9 Danger

Liquid gas is heavier than air and

can collect in sink points.
Take care when performing work

at the underbody in a pit.

For painting work and when using a

drying booth at a temperature above

60 °C, the liquid gas tank must be

removed.
Do not make any modifications to the

liquid gas system.

Towing equipment

Do not clean the coupling ball bar with

a steam-jet or high-pressure jet

cleaner.

Air shutter

Clean the shutter system in the front

bumper to maintain correct

functionality.

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252

Vehicle care

Interior care

Interior and upholstery

Only clean the vehicle interior,

including the instrument panel fascia

and panelling, with a dry cloth or

interior cleaner.
Clean the leather upholstery with

clear water and a soft cloth. In case of

heavy soiling, use leather care.
The instrument cluster and the

displays should only be cleaned using

a soft damp cloth. If necessary use a

weak soap solution.
Clean fabric upholstery with a

vacuum cleaner and brush. Remove

stains with an upholstery cleaner.
Clothing fabrics may not be

colourfast. This could cause visible

discolourations, especially on light-

coloured upholstery. Removable

stains and discolourations should be

cleaned as soon as possible.
Clean seat belts with lukewarm water

or interior cleaner.

Caution

Close Velcro fasteners as open

Velcro fasteners on clothing could

damage seat upholstery.
The same applies to clothing with

sharp-edged objects, like zips or

belts or studded jeans.

Plastic and rubber parts

Plastic and rubber parts can be

cleaned with the same cleaner as

used to clean the body. Use interior

cleaner if necessary. Do not use any

other agent. Avoid solvents and petrol

in particular. Do not use high-

pressure jet cleaners.

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Service and maintenance

253

Service and

maintenance

General information ................... 253

Service information .................. 253

Recommended fluids, lubricants

and parts .................................... 254

Recommended fluids and

lubricants ................................ 254

General information

Service information

In order to ensure economical and

safe vehicle operation and to

maintain the value of your vehicle, it

is of vital importance that all

maintenance work is carried out at the

proper intervals as specified.
The detailed, up-to-date service

schedule for your vehicle is available

at the workshop.
Service display 3 83.

European service intervals

Maintenance of your vehicle is

required every 30,000 km or after

1 year, whichever occurs first, unless

otherwise indicated in the service

display.
A shorter service interval can be valid

for severe driving behaviour, e.g. for

taxis and police vehicles.
The European service intervals are

valid for the following countries:

Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-

Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,

Greece, Greenland, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta,

Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, United Kingdom.
Service display 3 83.

International service intervals

Maintenance of your vehicle is

required every 15,000 km or after

1 year, whichever occurs first, unless

otherwise indicated in the service

display.
A shorter service interval can be valid

for severe driving behaviour. Severe

operating conditions exist if one or

more of the following circumstances

occur frequently: Cold starting, stop

and go operation, trailer operation,

mountain driving, driving on poor and

sandy road surfaces, increased air

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254

Service and maintenance

pollution, presence of airborne sand

and high dust content, driving at high

altitude and large variations of

temperature. Under these severe

operating conditions, certain service

work may be required more frequently

than the regular service interval.
The international service intervals are

valid for the countries which are not

listed in the European service

intervals.
Service display 3 83.

Confirmations

Confirmation of service is recorded in

the Service and Warranty Booklet.

The date and mileage is completed

with the stamp and signature of the

servicing workshop.
Make sure that the Service and

Warranty Booklet is completed

correctly as continuous proof of

service is essential if any warranty or

goodwill claims are to be met, and is

also a benefit when selling the

vehicle.

Service interval with remaining

engine oil life duration

The service interval is based on

several parameters depending on

usage.
The service display lets you know

when to change the engine oil.
Service display 3 83.

Recommended fluids,

lubricants and parts

Recommended fluids and

lubricants

Only use products that meet the

recommended specifications.

9 Warning

Operating materials are

hazardous and could be

poisonous. Handle with care. Pay

attention to information given on

the containers.

Engine oil

Engine oil is identified by its quality

and its viscosity. Quality is more

important than viscosity when

selecting which engine oil to use. The

oil quality ensures e.g. engine

cleanliness, wear protection and oil

aging control, whereas viscosity

grade gives information on the oil's

thickness over a temperature range.

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Service and maintenance

255

Dexos is the newest engine oil quality

that provides optimum protection for

petrol and diesel engines. If it is

unavailable, engine oils of other listed

qualities must be used.

Recommendations for petrol engines

are also valid for Compressed Natural

Gas (CNG), Liquified Petroleum Gas

(LPG) and Ethanol (E85) fuelled

engines.
Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 259.

Topping up engine oil

Caution

In case of any spilled oil, wipe it up

and dispose it properly.

Engine oils of different manufacturers

and brands can be mixed as long as

they comply with the required engine

oil quality and viscosity.

Use of engine oils for all petrol

engines with only ACEA quality is

prohibited, since it can cause engine

damage under certain operating

conditions.
Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 259.

Additional engine oil additives

The use of additional engine oil

additives could cause damage and

invalidate the warranty.

Engine oil viscosity grades

The SAE viscosity grade gives

information of the thickness of the oil.
Multigrade oil is indicated by two

figures, e.g. SAE 5W-30. The first

figure, followed by a W, indicates the

low temperature viscosity and the

second figure the high temperature

viscosity.
Select the appropriate viscosity grade

depending on the minimum ambient

temperature 3 259.

All of the recommended viscosity

grades are suitable for high ambient

temperatures.

Coolant and antifreeze

Use only organic acid type-long life

coolant (LLC) antifreeze approved for

the vehicle. Consult a workshop.
The system is factory filled with

coolant designed for excellent

corrosion protection and frost

protection down to approx. -28 °C. In

cold regions with very low

temperatures, the factory filled

coolant provides frost protection

down to approx. -37 °C. This

concentration should be maintained

all year round. The use of additional

coolant additives that intend to give

additional corrosion protection or seal

against minor leaks can cause

function problems. Liability for

consequences resulting from the use

of additional coolant additives will be

rejected.

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256

Service and maintenance

Washer fluid

Use only washer fluid approved for

the vehicle to prevent damage of

wiper blades, paintwork, plastic and

rubber parts. Consult a workshop.

Brake and clutch fluid

Over time, brake fluid absorbs

moisture which will reduce braking

effectiveness. The brake fluid should

therefore be replaced at the specified

interval.

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Technical data

257

Technical data

Vehicle identification .................. 257

Vehicle Identification Number .. 257

Identification plate ................... 257

Engine identification ................ 258

Vehicle data ............................... 259

Recommended fluids and

lubricants ................................ 259

Engine data ............................. 262

Performance ............................ 265

Vehicle weight ......................... 267

Vehicle dimensions ................. 269

Capacities ................................ 270

Tyre pressures ........................ 271

Vehicle identification

Vehicle Identification

Number

The Vehicle Identification Number

may be stamped on the identification

plate and on the floor pan, under the

floor covering, visible under a cover.
The Vehicle Identification Number

may be embossed on the instrument

panel, visible through the windscreen,

or in the engine compartment on the

right body panel.

Identification plate

The identification plate is located on

the front left or right door frame.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

258

Technical data

Information on identification label:
1 : manufacturer

2 : operating permit number

3 : vehicle identification number

4 : permissible gross vehicle weight

rating in kg

5 : permissible gross train weight

in kg

6 : maximum permissible front axle

load in kg

7 : maximum permissible rear axle

load in kg

8 : vehicle-specific or country-

specific data

The combined total of front and rear

axle loads must not exceed the

permissible gross vehicle weight. For

example, if the front axle is bearing its

maximum permissible load, the rear

axle can only bear a load that is equal

to the gross vehicle weight minus the

front axle load.
The technical data is determined in

accordance with European

Community standards. We reserve

the right to make modifications.

Specifications in the vehicle

documents always have priority over

those given in this manual.

Engine identification

The technical data tables show the

engine identifier code. Engine data

3

 262.

To identify the respective engine,

refer to the engine power in the EEC

Certificate of Conformity provided

with your vehicle or other national

registration documents.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical data

259

Vehicle data

Recommended fluids and lubricants

European service schedule

Required engine oil quality

All European countries with European service interval 3 253

Engine oil quality

Petrol engine
B14NET

All other petrol engines

(including CNG, LPG, E85)

Diesel engines

dexos1 Gen2

dexos2

All engines except B14NET: In case dexos quality is unavailable, you may not use max. one litre engine oil quality

ACEA C3 once between each oil change.

Engine oil viscosity grades

All European countries with European service interval 3 253

Ambient temperature

Petrol and diesel engines

down to -25 °C

SAE 0W-30 or SAE 0W-40
SAE 5W-30 or SAE 5W-40

below -25 °C

SAE 0W-30 or SAE 0W-40

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

260

Technical data

International service schedule

Required engine oil quality

All countries with international service interval 3 253

Engine oil quality

Petrol engine
B14NET

All other petrol engines

(including CNG, LPG, E85)

Diesel engines

dexos1 Gen2

dexos2

In case dexos quality is unavailable you may use the oil qualities listed below:

All countries with international service interval 3 253

Engine oil quality

Petrol engine
B14NET

All other petrol engines

(including CNG, LPG, E85)

Diesel engines

ACEA A3/B4

ACEA C3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical data

261

Engine oil viscosity grades

All countries with international service interval 3 253

Ambient temperature

Petrol and diesel engines

down to -25 °C

SAE 0W-30 or SAE 0W-40
SAE 5W-30 or SAE 5W-40

below -25 °C

SAE 0W-30 or SAE 0W-40

down to -20 °C

SAE 10W-30

1)

 or SAE 10W-40

1)

1)

Permitted, but usage of oils with dexos quality is recommended.

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