Opel Meriva (2017 year). Manual - part 13

 

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Opel Meriva (2017 year). Manual - part 13

 

 

198

Vehicle care

values provided on the tyre

information label and tyre pressure

chart are valid for cold tyres, which

means at 20 °C.
The pressure increases by nearly

10 kPa for a 10 °C temperature

increase. This must be considered

when warm tyres are checked.
The tyre pressure value displayed in

the Driver Information Centre shows

the real tyre pressure. A cooled down

tyre will show a decreased value,

which does not indicate an air leak.

Tyre pressure monitoring

system

The tyre pressure monitoring system

checks the pressure of all four wheels

once a minute when vehicle speed

exceeds a certain limit.

Caution

Tyre pressure monitoring system

warns only about low tyre pressure

condition and does not replace

regular tyre maintenance by the

driver.

All wheels must be equipped with

pressure sensors and the tyres must

have the prescribed pressure.

Note

In countries where the tyre pressure

monitoring system is legally

required, the use of wheels without

pressure sensors will invalidate the

vehicle type approval.

The current tyre pressures can be

shown in the Vehicle Information

Menu in the Driver Information

Centre.
The menu can be selected by the

buttons on the turn signal lever.

Press MENU to select the Vehicle

Information Menu X.

Turn the adjuster wheel to select the

tyre pressure monitoring system.
System status and pressure warnings

are displayed by a message

indicating the corresponding tyre in

the Driver Information Centre.
The system considers the tyre

temperature for the warnings.
Temperature dependency 3 197.

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Vehicle care

199

A detected low tyre pressure

condition is indicated by the control

indicator w 3 98.
If w illuminates, stop as soon as

possible and inflate the tyres as

recommended 3 235.
If w flashes for 60-90 seconds and

then illuminates continuously, there is

a fault in the system. Consult a

workshop.
After inflating, driving may be

required to update the tyre pressure

values in the Driver Information

Centre. During this time w may

illuminate.

If w illuminates at lower temperatures

and extinguishes after some driving,

this could be an indicator for

approaching a low tyre pressure

condition. Check tyre pressure.
Vehicle messages 3 106.
If the tyre pressure shall be reduced

or increased, switch off ignition.
Only mount wheels with pressure

sensors, otherwise the tyre pressure

will not be displayed and w

illuminates continuously.
A temporary spare wheel is not

equipped with pressure sensors. The

tyre pressure monitoring system is

not operational for these wheels.

Control indicator w illuminates. For

the further three wheels the system

remains operational.
The use of commercially available

liquid tyre repair kits can impair the

function of the system. Factory-

approved repair kits can be used.
Operating electronic devices or being

close to facilities using similar wave

frequencies could disrupt the tyre

pressure monitoring system.

Each time the tyres are replaced tyre

pressure monitoring system sensors

must be dismounted and serviced.

For the screwed sensor: replace

valve core and sealing ring. For

clipped sensor: replace complete

valve stem.

Vehicle loading status

Adjust tyre pressure to load condition

according to tyre information label or

tyre pressure chart 3 235, and select

the relevant setting in the menu Tyre

Load in the Driver Information Centre,

Vehicle Information Menu 3 101. This

setting is the reference for the tyre

pressure warnings.
The Tyre Load menu only appears if

the vehicle is in a standstill and the

parking brake is applied. On vehicles

with automatic transmission the

selector lever has to be in P.

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200

Vehicle care

Select:

● Light for comfort pressure up to

3 people.

● Eco for Eco pressure up to

3 people.

● Max for full loading.

Tyre pressure sensor matching

process

Each tyre pressure sensor has a

unique identification code. The

identification code must be matched

to a new wheel position after rotating

the wheels or exchanging the

complete wheel set and if one or more

tyre pressure sensors were replaced.

The tyre pressure sensor matching

process should also be performed

after replacing a spare wheel with a

road wheel containing the tyre

pressure sensor.
The malfunction light w and the

warning message or code should go

off at the next ignition cycle. The

sensors are matched to the wheel

positions, using a relearn tool, in the

following order: left side front wheel,

right side front wheel, right side rear

wheel and left side rear wheel. The

turn signal light at the current active

position is illuminated until sensor is

matched.
Consult a workshop for service or

purchase a relearn tool. There are

two minutes to match the first wheel

position, and five minutes overall to

match all four wheel positions. If it

takes longer, the matching process

stops and must be restarted.
The tyre pressure sensor matching

process is:

1. Apply the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition on.

3. On vehicles with automatic

transmission: set the selector

lever to P.
On vehicles with manual

transmission: select neutral.

4. Press MENU on the turn signal

lever to select the Vehicle

Information Menu in the Driver

Information Centre.

5. Turn the adjuster wheel to scroll to

the tyre pressure menu.

6. Press SET/CLR to begin the

sensor matching process. A

message requesting acceptance

of the process should display.

7. Press SET/CLR again to confirm

the selection. The horn sounds

twice to signal the receiver is in

relearn mode.

8. Start with the left side front wheel.
9. Place the relearn tool against the

tyre sidewall, near the valve stem.

Then press the button to activate

the tyre pressure sensor. A horn

chirp and the brief activation of all

turn signal lights confirm that the

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Vehicle care

201

sensor identification code has

been matched to this wheel

position.

10. Proceed to the right side front

wheel, and repeat the procedure

in Step 9.

11. Proceed to the right side rear

wheel, and repeat the procedure

in Step 9.

12. Proceed to the left side rear

wheel, and repeat the procedure

in Step 9. The horn sounds twice

to ind
icate the sensor identification

code has been matched to the left

side rear wheel, and the tyre

pressure sensor matching

process is no longer active.

13. Turn off the ignition.
14. Set all four tyres to the

recommended air pressure level

as indicated on the tyre pressure

information label.

15. Ensure the tyre loading status is

set according selected pressure

3

 101.

Tread depth

Check tread depth at regular

intervals.
Tyres should be replaced for safety

reasons at a tread depth of 2-3 mm

(4 mm for winter tyres).
For safety reasons it is recommended

that the tread depth of the tyres on

one axle should not vary by more than

2 mm.

The legally permissible minimum

tread depth (1.6 mm) has been

reached when the tread has worn

down as far as one of the tread wear

indicators (TWI). Their position is

indicated by markings on the

sidewall.
If there is more wear at the front than

the rear, swap round front wheels and

rear wheels periodically. Ensure that

the direction of rotation of the wheels

remains the same.
Tyres age, even if they are not used.

We recommend tyre replacement

every 6 years.

Changing tyre and wheel

size

If tyres of a different size than those

fitted at the factory are used, it may be

necessary to reprogramme the

speedometer as well as the nominal

tyre pressure and make other vehicle

modifications.
After converting to a different tyre

size, have the label with tyre

pressures replaced.

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202

Vehicle care

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheels

may lead to accidents and will

invalidate the vehicle type

approval.

Wheel covers

Wheel covers and tyres that are

factory approved for the respective

vehicle and comply with all of the

relevant wheel and tyre combination

requirements must be used.
If the wheel covers and tyres used are

not factory approved, the tyres must

not have a rim protection ridge.
Wheel covers must not impair brake

cooling.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheel

covers could lead to sudden

pressure loss and thereby

accidents.

Steel wheels: When using locking

wheel bolts, do not attach wheel

covers.

Tyre chains

Tyre chains are only permitted on the

front wheels.
Always use fine mesh chains that add

no more than 10 mm to the tyre tread

and the inboard sides (including chain

lock).

9 Warning

Damage may lead to tyre blowout.

Tyre chains are only permitted on

tyres of size 195/65 R15,

205/55 R16 and 225/45 R17.
Tyre chains are not permitted on tyres

of size 225/40 R18.
The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.

Tyre repair kit

Minor damage to the tyre tread can be

repaired with the tyre repair kit.
Do not remove foreign bodies from

the tyres.
Tyre damage exceeding 4 mm or that

is at the tyre's sidewall near the rim

cannot be repaired with the tyre repair

kit.

9 Warning

Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
Do not use for a lengthy period.
Steering and handling may be

affected.

If you have a flat tyre:

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Vehicle care

203

Apply the parking brake and engage

first gear, reverse gear or P.
The tyre repair kit is stowed in the load

compartment.
Depending on the equipment, the tyre

repair kit is in a compartment in the

right sidewall or in a compartment

under the floor cover.

Vehicles with tyre repair kit in the

sidewall

To open the compartment, disengage

the cover and open it.

1. Take the sealant bottle and

bracket with air hose from the

insert.

2. Detach air hose from bracket and

screw onto sealant bottle

connection.

3. Position the sealant bottle on the

bracket. Make sure that the bottle

does not fall.

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204

Vehicle care

4. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.

5. Screw tyre inflation hose to valve.
6. Screw air hose onto compressor

connection.

7. Switch on ignition.

To avoid discharging the vehicle

battery, we recommend running

the engine.

8. Press on/off switch on the

compressor. The tyre is filled with

sealant.

9. The compressor pressure gauge

briefly indicates up to 6 bar whilst

the sealant bottle is emptying

(approx. 30 seconds). Then the

pressure starts to drop.

10. All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

11. The prescribed tyre pressure

should be obtained within

10 minutes. Tyre pressure

3

 235. When the correct pressure

is obtained, switch off the

compressor by pressing the on/off

switch again.

If the prescribed tyre pressure is

not obtained within 10 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation.

Reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.
Release excess tyre pressure by

pressing ].
Do not run the compressor longer

than 10 minutes.

12. Push catch on bracket to remove

sealant bottle from bracket. Screw

the tyre inflation hose to the free

connection of the sealant bottle.

This prevents sealant from

escaping. Stow tyre repair kit in

load compartment.

13. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

14. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the sealant bottle and affix in the

driver's field of view.

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Vehicle care

205

15. Continue driving immediately so

that sealant is evenly distributed

in the tyre. After driving approx.

10 km (but no more than

10 minutes), stop and check tyre

pressure. Screw compressor air

hose directly onto tyre valve and

compressor when doing this.
If tyre pressure is more than

1.3 bar, set it to the correct value.

Repeat the procedure until there

is no more loss of pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen

below 1.3 bar, the vehicle must

not be used. Seek the assistance

of a workshop.

16. Stow away tyre repair kit in load

compartment.

Vehicles with tyre repair kit under

the floor cover

1. Take the tyre repair kit from the

compartment.

2. Remove the compressor.

3. Remove the electrical connection

cable and air hose from the

stowage compartments on the

underside of the compressor.

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206

Vehicle care

4. Screw the compressor air hose to

the connection on the sealant

bottle.

5. Fit the sealant bottle into the

retainer on the compressor.
Set the compressor near the tyre

in such a way that the sealant

bottle is upright.

6. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.

7. Screw the filler hose to the tyre

valve.

8. The switch on the compressor

must be set to J.

9. Connect the compressor plug to

the power outlet or cigarette

lighter socket.
To avoid discharging the battery,

we recommend running the

engine.

10. Set the rocker switch on the

compressor to I. The tyre is filled

with sealant.

11. The compressor pressure gauge

briefly indicates up to 6 bar whilst

the sealant bottle is emptying

(approx. 30 seconds). Then the

pressure starts to drop.

12. All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

13. The prescribed tyre pressure

should be obtained within

10 minutes. Tyre pressure

3

 235. When the correct pressure

is obtained, switch off the

compressor.

If the prescribed tyre pressure is

not obtained within 10 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation.

Reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.

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Vehicle care

207

Drain excess tyre pressure with

the button over the pressure

indicator.
Do not run the compressor longer

than 10 minutes.

14. Detach the tyre repair kit. Push

catch on bracket to remove

sealant bottle from bracket. Screw

the tyre inflation hose to the free

connection of the sealant bottle.

This prevents sealant from

escaping. Stow tyre repair kit in

load compartment.

15. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

16. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the sealant bottle and affix in the

driver's field of view.

17. Continue driving immediately so

that sealant is evenly distributed

in the tyre. After driving approx.

10 km (but no more than

10 minutes), stop and check tyre

pressure. Screw compressor air

hose directly onto tyre valve and

compressor when doing this.

If tyre pressure is more than

1.3 bar, set it to the correct value.

Repeat the procedure until there

is no more loss of pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen

below 1.3 bar, the vehicle must

not be used. Seek the assistance

of a workshop.

18. Stow away tyre repair kit in load

compartment.

General information

Note

The driving characteristics of the

repaired tyre are severely affected,

therefore have this tyre replaced.

If unusual noise is heard or the

compressor becomes hot, turn

compressor off for at least

30 minutes.
The built-in safety valve opens at a

pressure of 7 bar.
Note the expiry date of the kit. After

this date its sealing capability is no

longer guaranteed. Pay attention to

storage information on sealant

bottle.
Replace the used sealant bottle.

Dispose of the bottle as prescribed

by applicable laws.
The compressor and sealant can be

used from approx. -30 °C.
The adapters supplied can be used

to pump up other items e.g.

footballs, air mattresses, inflatable

dinghies etc. They are located on the

underside of the compressor. To

remove, screw on compressor air

hose and withdraw adapter.

Wheel changing

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare wheel

3

 202.

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208

Vehicle care

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-skid surface. The front

wheels must be in the straight-

ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear, reverse gear or

P.

● Remove the spare wheel 3 210.
● Never change more than one

wheel at once.

● Use the jack only to change

wheels in case of puncture, not

for seasonal winter or summer

tyre change.

● The jack is maintenance-free.
● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Take heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

● Do not start the vehicle when it is

raised on the jack.

● Before screwing in the wheel

bolts, clean them and lightly coat

the taper of each wheel bolt with

commercially available grease.

9 Warning

Do not grease the thread of the

wheel bolt.

1. Pull off the wheel cover.

For wheel covers with visible

wheel bolts: The cover can remain

on the wheel. Do not remove the

retaining rings on the wheel bolts.
Alloy wheels: Disengage wheel

bolt caps with a screwdriver and

remove. To protect the wheel,

place a soft cloth between the

screwdriver and the alloy wheel.

2. Variant 1:

Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and loosen

each wheel bolt by half a turn.
Variant 2:

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Vehicle care

209

Fold out the wheel wrench and

install ensuring that it locates

securely and loosen each wheel

bolt by half a turn.
The wheels might be protected by

locking wheel bolts. To loosen

these specific bolts first attach the

adapter onto the head of the bolt

before installing the wheel

wrench. The adapter is located in

the glovebox.

3. Ensure the jack is positioned

correctly with the vehicle jacking

points.

4. Variant 1:

Set the jack to the necessary

height. Position it directly below

the jacking point in a manner that

prevents it from slipping.

Attach jack handle and with the

jack correctly aligned rotate

handle until wheel is clear of the

ground.
Variant 2:

Set the jack to the necessary

height. Position it directly below

the jacking point in a manner that

prevents it from slipping.

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210

Vehicle care

Attach wheel wrench and with the

jack correctly aligned rotate wheel

wrench until wheel is clear of the

ground.

5. Unscrew the wheel bolts.
6. Change the wheel.
7. Screw on the wheel bolts.
8. Lower vehicle.
9. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and tighten

each bolt in a crosswise

sequence. Tightening torque is

110 Nm.

10. Align the valve hole in the wheel

cover with the tyre valve before

installing.

Install wheel bolt caps.

11. Stow the replaced wheel 3 210,

the vehicle tools 3 195 and the

adapter for the locking wheel bolts

3

 61.

12. Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre and also the wheel

bolt torque as soon as possible.

Have the defective tyre renewed or

repaired.

Jacking position for lifting platform

Rear arm position of the lifting

platform at the underbody.

Front arm position of the lifting

platform at the underbody.

Spare wheel

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare

wheel.
If mounting a spare wheel, which is

different from the other wheels, this

wheel might be classified as a

temporary spare wheel and the

corresponding speed limits apply,

even though no label indicates this.

Seek the assistance of a workshop to

check the applicable speed limit.
The spare wheel has a steel rim.

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Vehicle care

211

Caution

The use of a spare wheel that is

smaller than the other wheels or in

combination with winter tyres

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre replaced as soon as

possible.

The spare wheel is located in the load

compartment beneath the floor

covering. It is secured with a wing nut.
The spare wheel well is not designed

for all permissible tyre sizes. If a

wheel wider than the spare wheel has

to be stowed in the load

compartment, it must be secured with

a strap or, depending on the version,

with an extension bar.

Storing a replaced wheel in the

load compartment using a strap

Use the strap placed in the tool box.

Vehicle tools 3 195.

● Position the wheel on the load

compartment floor close to one

sidewall of the load

compartment.

● Place the loop end of the strap

through the front lashing eye of

the according side.

● Place the hook end of the strap

through the loop and pull it until

the strap is fastened securely to

the lashing eye.

● Insert the strap through the

spokes of the wheel as shown in

the illustration.

● Mount the hook to the rear

lashing eye.

● Tighten the strap and secure it

using the buckle.

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212

Vehicle care

Storing a replaced wheel in the

spare wheel well using an

extension bar

Use the extension bar placed in the

tool box. Vehicle tools 3 195.

● Turn the wing nut anticlockwise

and remove temporary spare

wheel.

● Take the extension bar from the

tool box and screw it on the bolt.

● Store the damaged wheel and

secure it by turning the wing nut

clockwise.

The floor cover can be placed on the

projecting wheel.

Remove the extension bar before

fitting the spare wheel in the well after

renewing or repairing the defective

wheel.

9 Warning

Storing a jack, a wheel or other

equipment in the load

compartment could cause injury if

they are not fixed properly. During

a sudden stop or a collision, loose

equipment could strike someone.
Store jack and tools always in the

respective storage compartments

and secure them by fixing.
Place the damaged wheel always

in the load compartment secured

by the strap or in the spare wheel

well secured by the wing nut.

Temporary spare wheel

Caution

The use of the temporary spare

wheel could affect driveability.

Have the defective tyre renewed

or repaired as soon as possible.

Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. The permissible maximum

speed on the label on the temporary

spare wheel is only valid for the

factory-fitted tyre size.
If your vehicle gets a flat tyre in the

rear while towing another vehicle,

mount the temporary spare wheel in

the front and the full tyre in the rear.
Tyre chains 3 202.

Spare wheel with directional tyre

If possible, fit directional tyres such

that they roll in the direction of travel.

The rolling direction is indicated by a

symbol (e.g. an arrow) on the

sidewall.
The following applies to tyres fitted

opposing the rolling direction:

● Driveability may be affected.

Have the defective tyre renewed

or repaired as soon as possible

and fit it instead of the spare

wheel.

● Drive particularly carefully on wet

and snow-covered road

surfaces.

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Vehicle care

213

Jump starting

Do not start with quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged vehicle

battery can be started using jump

leads and the vehicle battery of

another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by vehicle battery explosion or

damage to the electrical systems

of both vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the vehicle

battery with eyes, skin, fabrics and

painted surfaces. The fluid

contains sulphuric acid which can

cause injuries and damage in the

event of direct contact.

● Never expose the vehicle battery

to naked flames or sparks.

● A discharged vehicle battery can

already freeze at a temperature

of 0 °C. Defrost the frozen battery

before connecting jump leads.

● Wear eye protection and

protective clothing when

handling a vehicle battery.

● Use a booster battery with the

same voltage (12 volts). Its

capacity (Ah) must not be much

less than that of the discharged

battery.

● Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of

at least 16 mm

2

 (25 mm

2

 for

diesel engines).

● Do not disconnect the discharged

battery from the vehicle.

● Switch off all unnecessary

electrical consumers.

● Do not lean over the battery

during jump starting.

● Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

● The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during

the jump starting process.

● Apply the parking brake,

transmission in neutral,

automatic transmission in P.

● Open the positive terminal

protection caps of both batteries.

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal of the booster

battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal of the

discharged battery.

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