Opel Astra Twintop (2012 year). Manual - part 11

 

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Opel Astra Twintop (2012 year). Manual - part 11

 

 

162

Vehicle care

Vehicle care

General Information ................... 162
Vehicle checks ........................... 163
Bulb replacement ....................... 168
Electrical system ........................ 183
Vehicle tools .............................. 190
Wheels and tyres ....................... 190
Jump starting ............................. 202
Towing ....................................... 203
Appearance care ....................... 205

General Information

Accessories and vehicle

modifications

We recommend using genuine parts

and accessories and factory

approved parts specific for your

vehicle type. We cannot assess or

guarantee reliability of other products

- even if they have a regulatory or

otherwise granted approval.
Do not make any modifications to the

electrical system, e.g. changes of

electronic control units (chip tuning).

Caution

When transporting the vehicle on

a train or on a recovery vehicle, the

mud flaps might be damaged.

Vehicle storage

Storage for a long period of time

The following must be done if the

vehicle should be stored for several

months:

■ Wash and wax the vehicle.
■ Have the wax in the engine

compartment and underbody

checked.

■ Clean and preserve rubber seals.
■ Change engine oil.
■ Drain washer fluid reservoir.
■ Check coolant antifreeze.
■ Adjust tyre pressure to the value

specified for full load.

■ Park vehicle in dry, well ventilated

place. Engage first or reverse gear

or set selector lever to P. Prevent

the vehicle from rolling.

■ Do not apply parking brake.
■ Open bonnet, close all doors and

lock the vehicle.

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Vehicle care

163

■ Disconnect the clamp from the

negative terminal of the vehicle

battery. Be aware that all systems

are non-operational, e.g. the anti-

theft alarm system.

Putting back into operation

The following must be done if the

vehicle is put back into operation:

■ Connect the clamp to the negative

terminal of the vehicle battery.

Activate the electronics of the

power windows.

■ Check tyre pressure.
■ Fill up the washer fluid reservoir.
■ Check the engine oil level.
■ Check the coolant level.
■ Fit the number plate if necessary.

End-of-life vehicle

recovery

Information about end-of-life vehicle

recovery centres and the recycling of

end-of-life vehicles is available on our

website. Only entrust this work to an

authorised recycling centre.

Vehicle checks

Performing work

Warning

Only perform engine compartment

checks when the ignition is off.
The cooling fan may start

operating even if the ignition is off.

Danger

The ignition system and Xenon

headlights use extremely high

voltage. Do not touch.

The caps for topping up the engine oil,

the coolant, the washing fluid and the

oil dipstick handle are yellow for ease

of identification.

Bonnet

Opening

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164

Vehicle care

Pull the release lever and return it to

its original position.

Lift the safety catch upwards and

open the bonnet.
Air intake 3 134.
Secure the bonnet support.

Closing

Before closing the bonnet, press the

support into the holder.
Lower the bonnet and allow it to drop

into the catch. Check that the bonnet

is engaged.

Engine oil

Check the engine oil level manually

on a regular basis to prevent damage

to the engine. Ensure that the correct

specification of oil is used.

Recommended fluids and lubricants

3

 210.

Check with the vehicle on a level

surface. The engine must be at

operating temperature and switched

off for at least 5 minutes.
Pull out the dipstick, wipe it clean,

insert it to the stop on the handle, pull

it out and read the engine oil level.
Insert the dipstick to the stop on the

handle and make half a turn.

Different dipsticks are used

depending on engine variant.

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Vehicle care

165

When the engine oil level has

dropped to the MIN mark, top up

engine oil.

We recommend the use of the same

grade of engine oil that was used at

last change.
The engine oil level must not exceed

the MAX mark on the dipstick.

Caution

Overfilled engine oil must be

drained or suctioned out.

Capacities 3 243.
Fit the cap on straight and tighten it.

Engine coolant

The coolant provides freeze

protection down to approx. -28 °C.

Caution

Only use approved antifreeze.

Coolant level

Caution

Too low a coolant level can cause

engine damage.

When the cooling system is cold, the

coolant level should be just above the

KALT/COLD mark. Top up if the level

is low.

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166

Vehicle care

Warning

Allow the engine to cool before

opening the cap. Carefully open

the cap, relieving the pressure

slowly.

Top up with antifreeze. If no

antifreeze is available, use clean tap

water or distilled water. Install the cap

tightly. Have the antifreeze

concentration checked and have the

cause of the coolant loss remedied by

a workshop.

Washer fluid

Fill with clean water mixed with

a suitable quantity of windscreen

washer fluid which contains

antifreeze.

Brakes

A squealing noise indicates that the

brake lining is at its minimum

thickness. Continued driving is

possible but have the brake lining

replaced as soon as possible.
Once new brake linings are installed,

do not brake unnecessarily hard for

the first few journeys.

Brake fluid

Warning

Brake fluid is poisonous and

corrosive. Avoid contact with eyes,

skin, fabrics and painted surfaces.

The brake fluid level must be between

the MIN and the MAX marks.
When topping up, ensure maximum

cleanliness as contamination of the

brake fluid can lead to brake system

malfunctions. Have the cause of the

loss of brake fluid remedied by

a workshop.

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Vehicle care

167

Only use high-performance brake

fluid approved for the vehicle. Brake

and clutch fluid 3 166.

Battery

The vehicle battery is maintenance-

free provided that the driving profile

allows sufficient charging of the

battery. Short distance driving and

frequent engine starts can discharge

the battery. Avoid the use of

unnecessary electrical consumers.

Batteries do not belong in household

waste. They must be disposed of at

an appropriate recycling collection

point.
Laying up the vehicle for more than

4 weeks can lead to battery

discharge. Disconnect the clamp from

the negative terminal of the vehicle

battery.

Ensure the ignition is switched off

before connecting or disconnecting

the vehicle battery.
Battery discharge protection 3 123.

Diesel fuel system

bleeding

If the tank has been run dry, the diesel

fuel system must be bled. Switch on

the ignition three times for

15 seconds at a time. Then crank the

engine for a maximum of

40 seconds. Repeat this process after

no less than 5 seconds. If the engine

fails to start, seek the assistance of

a workshop.

Wiper blade replacement

Service setting for front

windscreen wipers

Switch off the ignition but do not

remove ignition key or open driver's

door.
Within 4 seconds, push the wiper

lever down and release as soon as

the wipers are vertical.

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168

Vehicle care

Wiper blades on the windscreen

Lift the wiper arm, tilt wiper blade at

a 90° to the wiper arm and remove to

the side.

Wiper blade on the rear window

Lift the wiper arm. Disengage the

wiper blade and remove.

Bulb replacement

Switch off the ignition and switch off

the relevant switch or close the doors.
Only hold a new bulb at the base! Do

not touch the bulb glass with bare

hands.
Use only the same bulb type for

replacement.

The bulbs of the front outer lights are

replaced through openings in the

front wheel housing: turn wheels in

a way that allows access, release

catch and remove cover.

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Vehicle care

169

To replace bulbs on the right side of

the engine compartment, detach the

air hose from the air filter. On the left

side, detach the plug to the fuse box.

Halogen headlights

Headlights have separate systems for

high beam 1 (inner bulbs) and low

beam 2 (outer bulbs).

Low beam

1. Replace bulbs through the

opening in the wheel housing.

2. Remove protective cover 2.

3. Rotate the bulb holder anti-

clockwise to disengage. Withdraw

the bulb holder from the reflector.

4. Detach bulb from bulb holder and

renew the bulb.

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170

Vehicle care

5. Insert the bulb holder, engaging

the two lugs into the reflector and

rotate clockwise to secure.

6. Rotate bulb carrier to the right as

far as it will go.

7. Install protective cover.
8. Close the opening in the wheel

housing with the cover.

High beam

1. Access to the bulbs is through the

engine compartment.

2. Remove protective cover 1.
3. Detach wiring plug from bulb.

4. Disengage spring clip from

retainer by pressing forward and

then swinging downwards.

5. Withdraw the bulb from reflector

housing.

6. When installing the new bulb,

insert lugs in the reflector

recesses and engage the spring

clip.

7. Install the wiring plug onto bulb.
8. Install protective cover.

Side lights

1. Access to the bulbs is through the

engine compartment.

2. Remove protective cover 1.

3. Withdraw parking light bulb holder

from reflector.

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Vehicle care

171

4. Remove bulb from socket and

renew the bulb.

5. Insert holder in reflector. Install

the headlamp protective cover.

Xenon headlights

Headlamps have separate systems

for low beam 1 (inner bulbs) and high

beam 2 (outer bulbs).

Low beam

Danger

Low beam works under extremely

high electrical voltage. Do not

touch. Have bulbs replaced by

a workshop.

High beam

1. Replace bulbs through the

openings in the wheel arches.

2. Remove protective cover.

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172

Vehicle care

3. Rotate left bulb holder and

disengage.

4. Remove the bulb holder with bulb

from the reflector.

5. Detach bulb from bulb holder.
6. Insert new bulb so that the two

lugs on the bulb holder engage in

the recesses in the reflector.

7. Rotate bulb holder to the right as

far as it will go.

8. Place protective cover in position

and close.

Side lights

1. Replace bulbs through the

openings in the wheel arches.

2. Remove main beam headlight

protective cover.

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Vehicle care

173

3. Remove parking light socket from

reflector.

4. Remove bulb from socket and

renew bulb.

5. Insert holder in reflector. Place

protective cap in position and

close.

Fog lights

Have bulbs replaced by a workshop.

Front turn signal lights

1. Replace the bulbs through the

opening in the wheel housing.

2. Rotate bulb holder anti-clockwise

and disengage.

3. Push bulb slightly into the socket,

rotate anti-clockwise, remove and

renew bulb.

4. Insert bulb holder in the reflector,

rotate clockwise and engage.

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174

Vehicle care

Tail lights

Saloon 5-door

1. To change the bulbs on the right

side, use a coin to open the lock

and fold down the cover.
To change bulbs on the left side,

use a coin to turn both locks and

fold down the cover 3 187.

2. Detach plug connector from bulb

holder.

3. Loosen fastening nuts with wheel

bolt wrench and unscrew by hand.

Vehicle tools 3 190.

4. Detach bulb housing towards the

rear.

5. Unscrew the three screws using

a screwdriver. Press the locking

tabs on the outside of the bulb

holder inwards and remove the

bulb holder.

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Vehicle care

175

6. Remove and renew the bulb.

Reverse light (1)
Turn signal light (2)
Reverse light/brake light (3)
Reverse light (4)
Fog light, may be only on one side

(5)

7. Engage bulb holder in bulb

housing, ensuring that it properly

engages.

8. Ensure that the seals are applied

to the bulb holder and fixing

screws.

9. Insert the bulb housing in the

body, engaging the lug and the

ball pin in the recesses. Tighten

the fastening nuts using a wheel

bolt wrench. Attach the plug

connector. Close and engage the

flap.

Saloon 3-door

1. To change the bulbs, fold down

the cover.

2. Detach plug connector from bulb

holder.

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176

Vehicle care

3. Loosen fastening nuts with wheel

bolt wrench and unscrew by hand.

Vehicle tools 3 190.

4. Detach bulb housing towards the

rear.

5. Remove seal from the fastening

bolt. Press the locking tabs on the

outside of the bulb holder outward

and remove the bulb holder.

6. Remove and renew the bulb.

Reverse light (1)
Turn signal light (2)
Reverse light/brake light (3)
Reverse light (4)
Fog light, may be only on one side

(5)

7. Engage bulb holder in bulb

housing, ensuring that it properly

engages.

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Vehicle care

177

8. Ensure that the seals are applied

to the bulb holder and fixing

screws.

9. Insert the bulb housing in the

body, engaging the lug and the

ball pin in the recesses. Tighten

the fastening nuts using a wheel

bolt wrench. Attach the plug

connector. Close and engage the

flap.

Saloon 4-door

1. To replace bulbs, fold up cover in

load compartment after twisting

the catch.

2. Release the bolts behind the

cover using a conventional bolt

wrench, and remove.

3. Unscrew the three screws with

a screwdriver and remove the

bulb holder. Vehicle tools 3 190.

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