Hyundai Elantra Coupe (2016 year). Instruction - part 28

 

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Hyundai Elantra Coupe (2016 year). Instruction - part 28

 

 

Maintenance
Wheel alignment and tire bal-
Tire replacement
ance
WARNING
Tread wear indicator
To reduce the risk of DEATH or
The wheels on your vehicle were
SERIOUS INJURY:
aligned and balanced carefully at the
factory to give you the longest tire life
Replace tires that are worn,
and best overall performance.
show uneven wear, or are dam-
aged. Worn tires can cause loss
In most cases, you will not need to
of braking effectiveness, steer-
have your wheels aligned again.
ing control, and traction.
However, if you notice unusual tire
wear or your vehicle pulling one way
Always replace tires with the
or the other, the alignment may need
same size as each tire that was
to be reset.
originally supplied with this
OEN076053
vehicle. Using tires and wheels
If you notice your vehicle vibrating
other than the recommended
when driving on a smooth road, your
If the tire is worn evenly, a tread wear
sizes could cause unusual han-
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
indicator will appear as a solid band
dling characteristics, poor vehi-
across the tread. This shows there is
cle control, or negatively affect
CAUTION
less than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) of tread
your vehicle’s Anti-Lock Brake
Improper wheel weights can
left on the tire. Replace the tire when
System (ABS) resulting in a
damage your vehicle’s alu-
this happens.
serious accident.
minum wheels. Use only
Do not wait for the band to appear
Tires degrade over time, even
approved wheel weights.
across the entire tread before replac-
when they are not being used.
ing the tire.
Regardless of the remaining
tread, HYUNDAI recommends
that tires be replaced after six
(6) years of normal service.
(Continued)
7 45
Maintenance
Compact spare tire replacement
Wheel replacement
(Continued)
A compact spare tire has a shorter
When replacing the metal wheels for
Heat caused by hot climates or
tread life than a regular size tire.
any reason, make sure the new
frequent high loading condi-
Replace it when you can see the
wheels are equivalent to the original
tions can accelerate the aging
tread wear indicator bars on the tire.
factory units in diameter, rim width
process. Failure to follow this
The replacement compact spare tire
and offset.
warning may cause sudden tire
should be the same size and design
failure, which could lead to a
tire as the one provided with your
loss of vehicle control resulting
new vehicle and should be mounted
Tire traction
in an accident.
on the same compact spare tire
Tire traction can be reduced if you
wheel. The compact spare tire is not
drive on worn tires, tires that are
designed to be mounted on a regular
improperly inflated or on slippery
size wheel, and the compact spare
road surfaces. Tires should be
tire wheel is not designed for mount-
replaced when tread wear indicators
ing a regular size tire.
appear. To reduce the possibility of
losing control, slow down whenever
there is rain, snow or ice on the road.
WARNING
The original tire should be
repaired or replaced as soon as
possible to avoid failure of the
spare and loss of vehicle con-
trol resulting in an accident. The
compact spare tire is for emer-
gency use only. Do not operate
your vehicle over 80 km/h (50
mph) when using the compact
spare tire.
7 46
Maintenance
Tire maintenance
Example tire size designation:
1
In addition to proper inflation, correct
(These numbers are provided as an
5,6
wheel alignment helps to decrease
example only; your tire size designa-
7
tor could vary depending on your
tire wear. If you find a tire is worn
unevenly, have your dealer check the
vehicle.)
4
wheel alignment.
P195/65R15 94H
When you have new tires installed,
make sure they are balanced. This
2
P - Applicable vehicle type
(tires
3
will increase vehicle ride comfort and
marked with the prefix “P’’ are
tire life. Additionally, a tire should
intended for use on passenger
always be rebalanced if it is removed
1
cars or light trucks; however, not
I030B04JM
from the wheel.
all tires have this marking).
1. Manufacturer or brand name
195 - Tire width in millimeters.
Manufacturer or brand name is
Tire sidewall labeling
65 - Aspect ratio. The tire’s section
shown.
This information identifies and
height as a percentage of its
describes the fundamental charac-
width.
teristics of the tire and also provides
2. Tire size designation
R - Tire construction code (Radial).
the tire identification number
(TIN)
A tire’s sidewall is marked with a tire
15 - Rim diameter in inches.
for safety standard certification. The
size designation. You will need this
94 - Load Index, a numerical code
TIN can be used to identify the tire in
information when selecting replace-
associated with the maximum
case of a recall.
ment tires for your car. The following
load the tire can carry.
explains what the letters and num-
bers in the tire size designation
H - Speed Rating Symbol. See the
mean.
speed rating chart in this section
for additional information.
7 47
Maintenance
Wheel size designation
Tire speed ratings
3. Checking tire life (TIN : Tire
Identification Number)
Wheels are also marked with impor-
The chart below lists many of the dif-
tant information that you need if you
ferent speed ratings currently being
Any tires that are over six years old,
ever have to replace one. The follow-
used for passenger car tires. The
based on the manufacturing date,
ing explains what the letters and
speed rating is part of the tire size
(including the spare tire) should be
numbers in the wheel size designa-
designation on the sidewall of the
replaced by new ones. You can find
tion mean.
tire. This symbol corresponds to that
the manufacturing date on the tire
tire's designed maximum safe oper-
sidewall (possibly on the inside of the
Example wheel size designation:
ating speed.
wheel), displaying the DOT Code.
6.0JX15
The DOT Code is a series of num-
6.0 - Rim width in inches.
Speed
bers on a tire consisting of numbers
J - Rim contour designation.
Rating
Maximum Speed
and English letters. The manufactur-
Symbol
ing date is designated by the last four
15 - Rim diameter in inches.
digits (characters) of the DOT code.
S
180 km/h (112 mph)
T
190 km/h (118 mph)
DOT : XXXX XXXX OOOO
H
210 km/h (130 mph)
V
240 km/h (149 mph)
Z
Above 240 km/h (149 mph)
The front part of the DOT means a
plant code number, tire size and
tread pattern and the last four num-
bers indicate week and year manu-
factured.
For example:
DOT XXXX XXXX 1615 represents
that the tire was produced in the 16th
week of 2015.
7 48
Maintenance
4. Tire ply composition and mate-
6. Maximum load rating
Tread wear
rial
This number indicates the maximum
The tread wear grade is a compara-
The number of layers or plies of rub-
load in kilograms and pounds that
tive rating based on the wear rate of
ber-coated fabric in the tire. Tire
can be carried by the tire. When
the tire when tested under controlled
manufacturers also must indicate the
replacing the tires on the vehicle,
conditions on a specified govern-
materials in the tire, which include
always use a tire that has the same
ment test course. For example, a tire
steel, nylon, polyester, and others.
load rating as the factory installed
graded 150 would wear one-and-a-
The letter "R" means radial ply con-
tire.
half times (1½) as well on the gov-
struction; the letter "D“ means diago-
ernment course as a tire graded 100.
nal or bias ply construction; and the
The relative performance of tires
7. Uniform tire quality grading
letter "B" means belted-bias ply con-
depends upon the actual conditions
struction.
Quality grades can be found where
of their use, however, and may
applicable on the tire sidewall
depart significantly from the norm
between tread shoulder and maxi-
due to variations in driving habits,
5. Maximum permissible inflation
mum section width.
service practices and differences in
pressure
For example:
road characteristics and climate.
This number is the greatest amount
TREAD wear 200
These grades are molded on the
of air pressure that should be put in
TRACTION AA
sidewalls of passenger vehicle tires.
the tire. Do not exceed the maximum
The tires available as standard or
permissible inflation pressure. Refer
TEMPERATURE A
optional equipment on your vehicle
to the Tire and Loading Information
may vary with respect to grade.
label for recommended inflation
pressure.
7 49
Maintenance
Traction - AA, A, B & C
Temperature - A, B & C
WARNING
The traction grades, from highest to
The temperature grades are A (the
lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those
highest), B and C representing the
The temperature grade for this
grades represent the tire’s ability to
tire’s resistance to the generation of
tire is established for a tire that
stop on wet pavement as measured
heat and its ability to dissipate heat
is properly inflated and not
under controlled conditions on spec-
when tested under controlled condi-
overloaded. Excessive speed,
ified government test surfaces of
tions on a specified indoor laboratory
under-inflation, over-inflation,
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked
test wheel.
or excessive loading, either
C may have poor traction perform-
separately or in combination,
Sustained high temperature can
ance.
can cause heat build-up and
cause the material of the tire to
possible sudden tire failure.
degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to
This may cause loss of vehicle
WARNING
sudden tire failure.
control resulting in an accident.
The traction grade assigned to
Grades B and A represent higher
this tire is based on straight-
levels of performance on the labora-
ahead braking traction tests,
tory test wheel than the minimum
and does not include accelera-
required by law.
tion, cornering, hydroplaning,
or peak traction characteristics.
7 50
Maintenance
Tire terminology and defini-
Belt
Cold Tire Pressure
tions
A rubber coated layer of cords that is
The amount of air pressure in a tire,
located between the plies and the
measured in pounds per square inch
Air Pressure
tread. Cords may be made from steel
(psi) or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire
The amount of air inside the tire
or other reinforcing materials.
has built up heat from driving.
pressing outward on the tire. Air
pressure is expressed in pounds per
square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Bead
Curb Weight
The tire bead contains steel wires
This means the weight of a motor
wrapped by steel cords that hold the
vehicle with standard and optional
Accessory Weight
tire onto the rim.
equipment including the maximum
This means the combined weight of
capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
optional accessories. Some exam-
without passengers and cargo.
ples of optional accessories are
Bias Ply Tire
automatic transaxle, power seats,
A pneumatic tire in which the plies
and air conditioning.
DOT Markings
are laid at alternate angles less than
90 degrees to the centerline of the
The DOT code includes the Tire
tread.
Identification Number
(TIN), an
Aspect Ratio
alphanumeric designator which can
The relationship of a tire's height to
also identify the tire manufacturer,
its width.
production plant, brand and date of
production.
7 51
Maintenance
GVWR
Load Index
Normal Occupant Weight
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
An assigned number ranging from 1
The number of occupants a vehicle is
to 279 that corresponds to the load
designed to seat multiplied by 68 kg
carrying capacity of a tire.
(150 pounds).
GAWR FRT
Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
Maximum Inflation Pressure
Occupant Distribution
Front Axle.
The maximum air pressure to which
Designated seating positions.
a cold tire may be inflated. The max-
GAWR RR
imum air pressure is molded onto the
Outward Facing Sidewall
Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
sidewall.
Rear axle.
An asymmetrical tire has a particular
side that faces outward when mount-
Maximum Load Rating
ed on a vehicle. The outward facing
Intended Outboard Sidewall
The load rating for a tire at the maxi-
sidewall bears white lettering or
The side of an asymmetrical tire, that
mum permissible inflation pressure
bears manufacturer, brand, and/or
must always face outward when
for that tire.
model name molding that is higher or
mounted on a vehicle.
deeper than the same moldings on
the inner facing sidewall.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight
Kilopascal (kPa)
The sum of curb weight; accessory
The metric unit for air pressure.
weight; vehicle capacity weight; and
production options weight.
7 52
Maintenance
Passenger (P-Metric) tire
Sidewall
Treadwear Indicators
A tire used on passenger cars and
The portion of a tire between the
Narrow bands, sometimes called
some light duty trucks and multipur-
tread and the bead.
"wear bars," that show across the
pose vehicles.
tread of a tire when only 1/16 inch of
tread remains.
Speed Rating
Recommended Inflation Pressure
An alphanumeric code assigned to a
UTQGS
Vehicle manufacturer's recommend-
tire indicating the maximum speed at
ed tire inflation pressure as shown
which a tire can operate.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
on the tire placard.
Standards is a tire information sys-
tem that provides consumers with
Traction
ratings for a tire's traction, tempera-
Radial Ply Tire
The friction between the tire and the
ture and treadwear. Ratings are
A pneumatic tire in which the ply
road surface. The amount of grip pro-
determined by tire manufacturers
cords that extend to the beads are
vided.
using government testing proce-
laid at 90 degrees to the centerline of
dures. The ratings are molded into
the tread.
the sidewall of the tire.
Tread
The portion of a tire that comes into
Rim
contact with the road.
Vehicle Capacity Weight
A metal support for a tire and upon
The number of designated seating
which the tire beads are seated.
positions multiplied by
68 kg (150
lbs.) plus the rated cargo and lug-
gage load.
7 53
Maintenance
Vehicle Maximum Load on the
All season tires
Snow tires
Tire
HYUNDAI specifies all season tires
If you equip your car with snow tires,
Load on an individual tire due to curb
on some models to provide good
they should be the same size and
and accessory weight plus maximum
performance for use all year round,
have the same load capacity as the
occupant and cargo weight.
including snowy and icy road condi-
original tires. Snow tires should be
tions. All season tires are identified
installed on all four wheels; other-
by ALL SEASON and/or M+S (Mud
wise, poor handling may result. Snow
Vehicle Normal Load on the Tire
and Snow) on the tire sidewall. Snow
tires should carry
4 psi
(28 kPa)
Load on an individual tire that is
tires have better snow traction than
more air pressure than the pressure
determined by distributing to each
all season tires and may be more
recommended for the standard tires
axle its share of the curb weight,
appropriate in some areas.
on the tire label on the driver's side of
accessory weight, and normal occu-
the center pillar, or up to the maxi-
pant weight and dividing by 2.
mum pressure shown on the tire
Summer tires
sidewall, whichever is less. Do not
HYUNDAI specifies summer tires on
drive faster than 120 km/h (75 mph)
Vehicle Placard
some models to provide superior
when your vehicle is equipped with
A label permanently attached to a
performance on dry roads. Summer
snow tires.
vehicle showing the original equip-
tire performance is substantially
ment tire size and recommended
reduced in snow and ice. Summer
inflation pressure.
tires do not have the tire traction rat-
ing M+S (Mud and Snow) on the tire
side wall. If you plan to operate your
vehicle in snowy or icy conditions,
HYUNDAI recommends the use of
snow tires or all season tires on all
four wheels.
7 54
Maintenance
Radial-ply tires
Longer wearing tires can be more
Low aspect ratio tires
susceptible to irregular tread wear. It
Radial-ply tires provide improved
Low aspect ratio tires, the aspect
is very important to follow the tire
tread life, road hazard resistance and
ratio is lower than 50, are provided
rotation interval in this chapter to
smoother high speed ride. The radi-
for sporty looks.
achieve the tread life potential of
al-ply tires used on this vehicle are of
Because low aspect ratio tires are
these tires. Cuts and punctures in
belted construction, and are selected
radial-ply tires are repairable only in
optimized for handling and braking, it
to complement the ride and handling
may be more uncomfortable to ride
the tread area, because of sidewall
characteristics of your vehicle.
flexing. Consult your tire dealer for
in and there is more noise compare
Radial-ply tires have the same load
with normal tires.
radial-ply tire repairs.
carrying capacity, as bias-ply or bias
belted tires of the same size, and use
the same recommended inflation
WARNING
pressure. Mixing of radial-ply tires
Do not mix bias ply and radial
with bias-ply or bias belted tires is
ply tires under any circum-
not recommended. Any combina-
stances. This may cause unusu-
tions of radial-ply and bias-ply or bias
al handling characteristics that
belted tires when used on the same
may cause loss of vehicle con-
vehicle will seriously deteriorate
trol resulting in an accident.
vehicle handling. The best rule to fol-
low is: Identical pairs of radial-ply
tires should always be used as a set
for the front tires and a set for the
rear tires.
7 55
Maintenance
CAUTION
CAUTION
Because the sidewall of the low
It is not easy to recognize tire
aspect ratio tire is shorter than
damage with your own eyes.
the normal, the wheel and tire of
But if there is the slightest
the low aspect ratio tire is easi-
hint of tire damage, have the
er to be damaged. So, follow the
tire checked or replaced
instructions below.
because the tire damage may
cause air leakage from the
- When driving on a rough road
tire.
or off road, drive cautiously
because tires and wheels may
If the tire is damaged by driv-
be damaged. And after driving,
ing on a rough road, off road,
inspect tires and wheels.
pothole, manhole, or curb
- When passing over a pothole,
stone, it will not be covered by
the warranty.
speed bump, manhole, or curb
stone, drive slowly so that the
tires and wheels are not dam-
aged.
- If the tire is impacted, we rec-
ommend that you inspect the
tire condition or contact an
authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
- To prevent damage to the tire,
inspect the tire condition and
pressure every 3,000 km (2,000
miles).
7 56
Maintenance
FUSES
■ Blade type
A vehicle’s electrical system is pro-
NOTICE
tected from electrical overload dam-
Three kinds of fuses are used: blade
age by fuses.
type for lower amperage rating, car-
This vehicle has 2 (or 3) fuse panels,
tridge type, and multi fuse for high-
Normal
Blown
one located in the driver’s side panel
er amperage ratings.
bolster, the other in the engine com-
■ Cartridge type
partment near the battery.
WARNING
If any of your vehicle’s lights, acces-
sories, or controls do not work, check
NEVER replace a fuse with any-
thing but another fuse of the
the appropriate circuit fuse. If a fuse
has blown, the element inside the
same rating.
fuse will be melted or broken.
• A higher capacity fuse could
Normal
Blown
If the electrical system does not
cause damage and possibly
■ Multi fuse
work, first check the driver’s side
cause a fire.
fuse panel. Before replacing a blown
• Do not install a wire or alu-
fuse, disconnect the negative battery
minum foil instead of the
cable. Always replace a blown fuse
proper fuse - even as a tem-
with one of the same rating.
porary repair. It may cause
Normal
Blown
If the replacement fuse blows, this
extensive wiring damage and
indicates an electrical problem. Avoid
possibly a fire.
using the system involved and imme-
diately consult an authorized
HYUNDAI dealer.
Normal
Blown
OLMB073029
7 57
Maintenance
Instrument panel fuse replace-
CAUTION
ment
Do not use a screwdriver or any
other metal object to remove
fuses because it may cause a
short circuit and damage the
system.
OMD070018
5. Pull the suspected fuse straight
out. Use the removal tool provided
OMD070017
in the engine compartment fuses
1. Turn the engine off.
panel.
2. Turn all other switches OFF.
6. Remove and check the suspected
3. Open the fuse panel cover.
fuse; replace it if it is blown. Spare
fuses are provided in the instru-
4. Refer to the label on the inside of
ment panel fuse panels (or in the
the fuse panel cover to locate the
engine compartment fuse panel).
suspected fuse location
7. Push in a new fuse of the same
rating, and make sure it fits tightly
in the clips. If it fits loosely, consult
an authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
7 58
Maintenance
In an emergency, if you do not have
Memory fuse
a spare fuse, use a fuse of the same
CAUTION
rating from a circuit you may not
Always place the fuse switch in
need for operating the vehicle, such
the ON position while driving
as the cigarette lighter fuse.
the vehicle.
If the headlights or other electrical
components do not work and the
fuses are OK, check the fuse panel
in the engine compartment. If a fuse
is blown, it must be replaced.
OMD070019
Always, put the fuse switch at the ON
position.
If you move the switch to the OFF
position, some items such as the
audio and digital clock must be reset
and the remote key (or smart key)
may not work properly.
7 59
Maintenance
Engine compartment panel
Main fuse
NOTICE
fuse replacement
If the main fuse is blown, consult an
authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
OMD070021
OMD070020
If the main fuse is blown, it must be
1. Turn the engine off.
removed as follows:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Turn all other switches OFF.
2. Disconnect the negative battery
3. Remove the fuse panel cover by
cable.
pressing the tap and pulling up.
3. Remove the fuse panel cover by
4. Remove and check the suspected
fuse; replace it if it is blown. To
pressing the tap and pulling it up.
remove or insert the fuse, use the
4. Remove the nuts shown in the pic-
fuse puller in the engine compart-
ture above.
ment fuse panel.
5. Replace the fuse with a new one
5. Push in a new fuse of the same
of the same rating.
rating, and make sure it fits tightly
6. Reinstall in the reverse order of
in the clips. If it fits loosely, consult
removal.
an authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
7 60
Maintenance
Multi fuse
NOTICE
If the multi fuse is blown, consult an
authorized HYUNDAI dealer.
OMD070022
If the multi fuse is blown, it must be
removed as follows:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Disconnect the negative battery
cable.
3. Remove the fuse panel cover by
pressing the tap and pulling up.
4. Remove the bolts shown in the
picture above.
5. Replace the fuse with a new one
of the same rating.
6. Reinstall in the reverse order of
removal.
7 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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