Honda Civic (2024 year). Manual in english - page 20

 

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Honda Civic (2024 year). Manual in english - page 20

 

 

647

uu

Maintenance Minder

TM

u

To Use Maintenance Minder

TM

Continued

Main

tenan

ce

1

Maintenance Service Items

Adjust the valves during services A, B, 1, 2, or 3 if 
they are noisy.

U.S. models

*1: If a Maintenance Minder message does not appear more than 12 months after the display is reset, 

change the engine oil every year.

# : See information on maintenance and emissions warranty in the first column on page 

756

.

CODE

Maintenance Main Items

A

Replace engine oil

*1

B

Replace engine oil

*1

 and oil filter

Inspect front and rear brakes

Check expiration date for temporary tire repair kit 
bottle (if equipped)

Inspect these items:

Tie rod ends, steering gearbox, and boots

Suspension components

Driveshaft boots

Brake hoses and lines (including ABS/VSA

®

)

All fluid levels and condition of fluids

Exhaust system

#

Fuel lines and connections

#

*2: If you drive in dusty conditions, replace the air cleaner element every 15,000 miles (24,000 km).
*3: If you drive primarily in urban areas that have high concentrations of soot in the air from industry and 

from diesel-powered vehicles, replace the dust and pollen filter every 15,000 miles (24,000 km).

*4: Driving in mountainous areas at very low vehicle speeds results in higher transmission temperatures. 

This requires transmission fluid changes more frequently than recommended by the Maintenance 
Minder. If you regularly drive your vehicle under these conditions, have the transmission fluid changed 
every 25,000 miles (40,000 km).

*5: Driving in mountainous areas at very low vehicle speeds results in higher transmission temperatures. 

This requires transmission fluid changes more frequently than recommended by the Maintenance 
Minder. If you regularly drive your vehicle under these conditions, have the transmission fluid changed 
every 37,500 miles (60,000 km).

*6: If a Maintenance Minder message does not appear more than 36 months after the display for item 7 is 

reset, change the brake fluid every 3 years.

CODE

Maintenance Sub Items

1

Rotate tires

2

Replace air cleaner element

*2

Replace dust and pollen filter

*3

Inspect drive belt

3

Replace transmission fluid

*4,*5

4

Replace spark plugs

Inspect valve clearance

5

Replace engine coolant

7

Replace brake fluid

*6

Continuously variable transmission models

Manual transmission models

648

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Maintenance Minder

TM

u

To Use Maintenance Minder

TM

Main

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ce

1

Maintenance Service Items

Adjust the valves during services A, 0, 9, 1, 2, or 3 
if they are noisy.

Canadian models

*1: If a Maintenance Minder message does not appear more than 12 months after the display is reset, 

change the engine oil every year.

*2: If you drive in dusty conditions, replace the air cleaner element every 24,000 km (15,000 miles).
*3: If you drive primarily in urban areas that have high concentrations of soot in the air from industry and 

from diesel-powered vehicles, replace the dust and pollen filter every 24,000 km (15,000 miles).

*4: Driving in mountainous areas at very low vehicle speeds results in higher transmission temperatures. 

This requires transmission fluid changes more frequently than recommended by the Maintenance 
Minder. If you regularly drive your vehicle under these conditions, have the transmission fluid changed 
every 40,000 km (25,000 miles).

*5: Driving in mountainous areas at very low vehicle speeds results in higher transmission temperatures. 

This requires transmission fluid changes more frequently than recommended by the Maintenance 
Minder. If you regularly drive your vehicle under these conditions, have the transmission fluid changed 
every 60,000 km (37,500 miles).

*6: If a Maintenance Minder message does not appear more than 36 months after the display for item 7 is 

reset, change the brake fluid every 3 years.

# : See information on maintenance and emissions warranty in the first column on page 

758

.

CODE

Maintenance Main Items

A

Replace engine oil

*1

0

Replace engine oil

*1

 and oil filter

Continuously variable transmission models

Manual transmission models

CODE

Maintenance Sub Items

1

Rotate tires

2

Replace air cleaner element

*2

Replace dust and pollen filter

*3

Inspect drive belt

3

Replace transmission fluid

*4,*5

4

Replace spark plugs

Inspect valve clearance

5

Replace engine coolant

7

Replace brake fluid

*6

9

Service front and rear brakes

Inspect these items:

Tie rod ends, steering gearbox, and boots

Suspension components

Driveshaft boots

Brake hoses and lines (including ABS/VSA

®

)

All fluid levels and condition of fluids

Exhaust system

#

Fuel lines and connections

#

Continued

649

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Maintenance Minder

TM

u

To Use Maintenance Minder

TM

Main

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Reset the maintenance minder information display if you have performed the 
maintenance service.

1.

Set the power mode to ON.

2.

Press the 

 (home) button.

3.

Roll the left selector wheel until 

 is displayed.

4.

Press the left selector wheel to go to the Maintenance Minder screen.

5.

Press and hold the left selector wheel for about 10 seconds to enter the reset 
mode.

6.

Roll the left selector wheel to select a maintenance item to reset, or to select 

All 

due items

 (You can also select 

Cancel

 to end the process).

7.

Press the left selector wheel to reset the selected item.

8.

Repeat from step 5 for other items you wish to reset.

Resetting the Display

1

Resetting the Display

NOTICE

Failure to reset the Maintenance Minder

TM

 display 

after a maintenance service results in the system 
showing incorrect maintenance intervals, which can 
lead to serious mechanical problems.

The dealer will reset the Maintenance Minder

TM

 

display after completing the required maintenance 
service. If someone other than a dealer performs 
maintenance service, reset the Maintenance 
Minder

TM

 display yourself.

You can also reset the Maintenance Minder

TM

 display 

using the audio/information screen.

2

Customized Features

 P. 380

Models with 9-in. Color Touchscreen

Models with A-type meter

Left Selector Wheel

 (home) Button

650

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Maintenance Minder

TM

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To Use Maintenance Minder

TM

Main

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1.

Set the power mode to ON.

2.

Roll the right selector wheel until the Maintenance Minder screen is displayed.

3.

Press and hold the right selector wheel for about 10 seconds to enter the reset 
mode.

4.

Roll the right selector wheel to select a maintenance item to reset, or to select 

All 

due items

 (You can also select 

Cancel

 to end the process).

5.

Press the right selector wheel to reset the selected item.

6.

Repeat from step 3 for other items you wish to reset.

Models with B-type meter

Right Selector Wheel

651

Continued

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Maintenance Under the Hood

Maintenance Items Under the Hood

1.5 L engine models

Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid 

(Black Cap)

Radiator Cap

Washer Fluid 
(Blue Cap)

Engine Oil Dipstick 
(Orange)

Engine Oil Fill Cap

Battery

Engine Coolant 
Reserve Tank

* Not available on all models

652

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Maintenance Items Under the Hood

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2.0 L engine models

Brake Fluid 
(Black Cap)

Washer Fluid 
(Blue Cap)

Engine Oil Dipstick 
(Orange)

Battery

Radiator Cap

Engine Coolant 
Reserve Tank

Engine Oil Fill Cap

653

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Opening the Hood

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Opening the Hood

1.

Park the vehicle on a level surface, and set 
the parking brake.

2.

Pull the hood release handle under the 
driver’s side lower corner of the dashboard.

u

The hood will pop up slightly.

3.

Push the hood latch lever (located under 
the front edge of the hood to the center) to 
the side and raise the hood. Once you have 
raised the hood slightly, you can release the 
lever.

4.

Remove the support rod from the clamp 
using the grip. Mount the support rod in 
the hood.

When closing, remove the support rod, and 
stow it in the clamp, then gently lower the 
hood. Remove your hand at a height of 
approximately 12 inches (30 cm) and let the 
hood close.

1

Opening the Hood

NOTICE

Do not open the hood when the wiper arms are 
raised. The hood will strike the wipers, resulting in 
possible damage to the hood and/or the wipers.

NOTICE

Do not press the engine cover forcibly. This may 
damage the engine cover and component parts.

When closing the hood, check that the hood is 
securely latched.

If the hood latch lever moves stiffly, or if you can 
open the hood without lifting the lever, the latch 
mechanism should be cleaned and lubricated.

Do not open the hood while the Auto Idle Stop 
function is activated.

3

WARNING

The hood support rod can become very hot 
due to heat from the engine.

To ensure against possible burns, do not 
handle the metal section of the rod: Use 
the foam grip instead.

2.0 L engine models

Hood Release Handle

Pull

Lever

Support Rod

Grip

Clamp

654

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Recommended Engine Oil

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Recommended Engine Oil

Use a genuine engine oil or another commercial engine oil of suitable type and 
viscosity (for the ambient temperature) as shown in the image that follows.

Oil is a major contributor to your engine’s performance and longevity. If you drive 
the vehicle with insufficient or deteriorated oil, the engine may fail or be damaged.

*1:Formulated to improve fuel economy.

Synthetic oil

You may also use synthetic motor oil if it is labeled with the API Certification Seal 
and is the specified viscosity grade.

Genuine Engine Oil

Commercial Engine Oil

Honda Genuine Motor Oil

Premium-grade 0W-20 detergent oil 
with an API Certification Seal on the 
container.

1

Recommended Engine Oil

Engine Oil Additives
Your vehicle does not require oil additives. In fact, 
they may adversely affect the engine performance 
and durability.

The following seal indicates the oil is energy 
conserving and that it meets the American Petroleum 
Institute’s latest requirements.

Ambient Temperature

Ambient Temperature

655

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Maintenance Under the Hood

u

Oil Check

Continued

Main

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Oil Check

We recommend that you check the engine oil level every time you refuel.
Park the vehicle on level ground.
Wait approximately three minutes after turning the engine off before you check the 
oil.

1.

Remove the dipstick (orange).

2.

Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth or 
paper towel.

3.

Insert the dipstick back all the way into its 
hole.

1

Oil Check

If the oil level is near or below the lower mark, slowly 
add oil, being careful not to overfill.

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

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Maintenance Under the Hood

u

Oil Check

656

Main

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4.

Remove the dipstick again, and check the 
level. It should be between the upper and 
lower marks. Add oil if necessary.

Upper Mark

Lower Mark

1.5 L engine models

Upper Mark

Lower Mark

2.0 L engine models

1

Oil Check

NOTICE

Under certain driving conditions, it is normal for the 
engine oil level to rise above the upper mark. If you 
have a concern, consult a dealer for details.

657

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Maintenance Under the Hood

u

Adding Engine Oil

Main

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Adding Engine Oil

1.

Unscrew and remove the engine oil fill cap.

2.

Add oil slowly.

3.

Reinstall the engine oil fill cap, and tighten 
it securely.

4.

Wait for three minutes and recheck the 
engine oil dipstick.

1

Adding Engine Oil

NOTICE

Do not fill the engine oil above the upper mark. 
Overfilling the engine oil may result in leaks and 
engine damage.

If any oil spills, wipe it away immediately. Spilled oil 
may damage the engine compartment components.

Engine Oil 
Fill Cap

1.5 L engine models

Engine Oil 
Fill Cap

2.0 L engine models

658

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Maintenance Under the Hood

u

Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

You must change the engine oil and oil filter regularly in order to maintain the 
engine’s lubrication. The engine may be damaged if they are not changed regularly.

Change the oil and filter in accordance with the maintenance message on the driver 
information interface.

1.

Run the engine until it reaches normal 
operating temperature, and then turn the 
engine off.

2.

Open the hood and remove the engine oil 
fill cap.

3.

Remove the Phillips-head screws and 
slotted head screws by turning 90° 
counter-clockwise on the undercarriage 
and remove the under cover.

1

Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

NOTICE

You may damage the environment if you do not 
dispose of the oil in a suitable way. If you are 
changing the oil by yourself, appropriately dispose of 
the used oil. Put the oil in a sealed container and take 
it to a recycling center. Do not throw the oil away 
into a garbage can or onto the ground.

Under Cover

Screw

659

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

Continued

Main

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4.

Remove the drain bolt and washer from 
the bottom of the engine, and drain the 
oil into a suitable container.

1.5 L engine models

Drain Bolt

Washer

2.0 L engine models

Drain Bolt

Washer

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

660

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5.

Remove the oil filter and dispose of the 
remaining oil.

6.

Check that the filter gasket is not stuck to 
the engine contact surface.

u

If it is stuck, you must detach it.

7.

Wipe away dirt and dust adhering to the 
contact surface of the engine block, and 
install a new oil filter.

u

Apply a light coat of new engine oil to 
the filter gasket.

8.

Put a new washer on the drain bolt, then 
reinstall the drain bolt.

u

Tightening torque: 
30 lbf∙ft (40 N∙m, 4.0 kgf∙m)

9.

Pour the recommended engine oil into the 
engine.

u

Engine oil change capacity (including 
filter): 

3.7 US qt (3.5 L)

4.4 US qt (4.2 L)

10.

Reinstall the engine oil fill cap securely and 
start the engine.

11.

Run the engine for a few minutes, and 
then check that there is no leak from the 
drain bolt or oil filter.

12.

Stop the engine, wait for three minutes, 
and then check the oil level on the 
dipstick.

u

If necessary, add more engine oil.

1

Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

You will need a special wrench to replace the oil 
filter. You can buy this wrench from a dealer.

When installing the new oil filter, follow the 
instructions supplied with the oil filter.

Reinstall the engine oil fill cap. Start the engine. If the 
low oil pressure warning appears, turn off the 
engine, and check your work.

Oil Filter

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

Oil Filter

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

661

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Engine Coolant

Continued

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Engine Coolant

This coolant is premixed with 50% antifreeze and 50% water. Do not add any 
straight antifreeze or water.

We recommend you check the engine coolant level every time you refuel. Check the 
reserve tank first. If it is completely empty, also check the coolant level in the 
radiator. Add the engine coolant accordingly.

1. Make sure the engine and radiator are 

cool

.

2.

Check the amount of coolant in the reserve 
tank.

u

If the coolant level is below the 

MIN

 

mark, add the specified coolant until it 
reaches the 

MAX

 mark.

3.

Inspect the cooling system for leaks.

Specified coolant: Honda Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant Type 2

Reserve Tank

1

Engine Coolant

NOTICE

Genuine Honda engine coolant is a 50/50 mixture of 
antifreeze and water that can withstand freezing at 
temperatures as low as about −31°F (−35°C). If your 
vehicle is consistently subjected to temperatures 
below this, the concentration of antifreeze in the 
coolant should be increased. Consult a dealer for 
details.

If Honda antifreeze/coolant is not available, you may 
use another major brand of non-silicate coolant as a 
temporary replacement. Check that it is a high quality 
coolant recommended for aluminum engines. 
Continued use of any non-Honda coolant can result 
in corrosion, causing the cooling system to 
malfunction or fail. Have the cooling system flushed 
and refilled with Honda antifreeze/coolant as soon as 
possible.

3

WARNING

Removing the radiator cap while the 
engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray 
out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool 
down before removing the radiator cap.

MAX

MIN

Reserve Tank

uu

Maintenance Under the Hood

u

Engine Coolant

662

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1. Make sure the engine and radiator are 

cool.

2.

Turn the radiator cap 1/8 turn counter-
clockwise and relieve any pressure in the 
cooling system.

3.

Push down and turn the radiator cap 
counter-clockwise to remove it.

4.

The coolant level should be up to the base 
of the filler neck. Add coolant if it is low.

5.

Put the radiator cap back on, and tighten it 
fully.

Radiator

1

Engine Coolant

Do not add rust inhibitors or other additives to your 
vehicle’s cooling system. They may not be compatible 
with the coolant or with the engine components.

1

Radiator

NOTICE

Pour the fluid slowly and carefully so you do not spill 
any. Clean up any spills immediately; they can 
damage components in the engine compartment.

Radiator Cap

663

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Transmission Fluid

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Transmission Fluid

Have a dealer check the fluid level and replace if necessary.

Do not attempt to check or change the continuously variable transmission fluid 
yourself.

Have a dealer check the fluid level and replace if necessary.

Do not attempt to check or change the manual transmission fluid yourself.

Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) Fluid

Specified fluid: Honda HCF-2

Manual Transmission Fluid

Specified fluid: Honda MTF

Models with continuously variable transmission

1

Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) Fluid

NOTICE

Do not mix Honda HCF-2 with other 
transmission fluids.

Using a transmission fluid other than Honda HCF-2 may 
adversely affect the operation and durability of your 
vehicle's transmission, and damage the transmission.
Any damage caused by using a transmission fluid that 
is not equivalent to Honda HCF-2 is not covered by 
Honda's new vehicle limited warranty.

Models with manual transmission

1

Manual Transmission Fluid

NOTICE

If Honda MTF is not available, you may use the API 
certificated SAE 0W-20 or 5W-20 viscosity motor oil 
as a temporary measure.
Replace with MTF as soon as possible. Motor oil does 
not contain the proper additives for the transmission 
and continued use can cause decreased shifting 
performance and lead to transmission damage.

664

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

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Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

The fluid level should be between the 

MIN

 

and 

MAX

 marks on the side of the reserve 

tank.

The brake fluid reserve tank is also used for 
your vehicle’s clutch fluid. As long as you keep 
the brake fluid level as instructed above, there 
is no need for checking the clutch fluid level.

Specified fluid: Honda Heavy Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3

Checking the Brake Fluid

1

Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

NOTICE

Brake fluid marked DOT 5 is not compatible with your 
vehicle’s braking system and can cause extensive 
damage.

If the specified brake fluid is not available, you should 
use only DOT 3 or DOT 4 fluid from a sealed 
container as a temporary replacement.

Using any non-Honda brake fluid can cause corrosion 
and decrease the longevity of the system. Have the 
brake system flushed and refilled with Honda Heavy 
Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3 as soon as possible.

If the brake fluid level is at or below the 

MIN

 mark, 

have a dealer inspect the vehicle for leaks or worn 
brake pads as soon as possible.

Reserve Tank

MIN

MAX

Manual transmission models

* Not available on all models

665

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

Check the amount of window washer fluid.

If the level is low, fill the washer reservoir.

If the washer fluid is low, a message appears 
on the driver information interface.

Pour the washer fluid carefully. Do not overflow the reservoir.

1

Refilling Window Washer Fluid

NOTICE

Do not use engine antifreeze or a vinegar/water 
solution in the windshield washer reservoir.
Antifreeze can damage your vehicle’s paint. A 
vinegar/water solution can damage the windshield 
washer pump.
Use only commercially available windshield washer 
fluid.
Avoid prolonged use of hard water to prevent lime 
scale buildup.

Canadian models

666

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Replacing Light Bulbs

Headlights

Headlights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the 
light assembly.

Fog Lights

*

Fog lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the 
light assembly.

Front Turn Signal Lights

Front turn signal lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and 
replace the light assembly.

Front Side Marker Lights

Front side marker lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and 
replace the light assembly.

Parking/Daytime Running Lights

Parking/daytime running lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer 
inspect and replace the light assembly.

Side Turn Signal/Emergency Indicator Lights

*

Door mirror side turn lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect 
and replace the light assembly.

1

Headlights

The headlight aim is set by the factory, and does not 
need to be adjusted. However, if you regularly carry 
heavy items in the trunk, have the aiming readjusted 
at a dealer or by a qualified technician.

* Not available on all models

667

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Brake Light, Taillight, Rear Side Marker Light, and Rear Turn Signal Light Bulbs

Continued

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Brake Light, Taillight, Rear Side Marker Light, and 
Rear Turn Signal Light Bulbs

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1.

Pry on the edge of the cover using a flat-tip 
screwdriver to remove the cover.

u

Wrap the flat-tip screwdriver with a cloth 
to prevent scratches.

2.

Unscrew the bolts.

Brake Light: LED
Taillight: LED
Rear Side Marker Light: LED
Rear Turn Signal Light: 21 W (Amber)

1

Brake Light, Taillight, Rear Side Marker Light, and Rear Turn 
Signal Light Bulbs

Brake lights, taillights, and rear side marker lights are 
LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect 
and replace the light assembly.

Cover

Bolt

668

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Brake Light, Taillight, Rear Side Marker Light, and Rear Turn Signal Light Bulbs

Main

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3.

Grasp underneath the taillight and rotate it 
upward to release the lower snap pin.

4.

Rotate the taillight outward to release the 
upper snap pin.

5.

Pull the light assembly out of the rear pillar.

6.

Turn the socket counter-clockwise and 
remove it.

7.

Remove the old bulb and insert a new bulb.

8.

Align the pins with the body grommets, 
then push in until they fully seat.

Lower Snap Pin

Upper Snap Pin

Bulb

Socket

669

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Taillight and Back-Up Light Bulbs

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Taillight and Back-Up Light Bulbs

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1.

Remove the holding clip using a flat-tip 
screwdriver, then pull the lining back.

2.

Turn the socket counter-clockwise and 
remove it.

3.

Remove the old bulb and insert a new bulb.

Rear License Plate Light

Rear license plate light is LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and 
replace the light assembly.

Taillight: LED
Back-Up Light: 16 W

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Taillight and Back-Up Light Bulbs

Taillights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda 
dealer inspect and replace the light assembly.

When removing the clip, insert a flat-tip screwdriver, 
then lift and remove the clip.

Insert the clip with the pin raised, and push until it is flat.

Clip

Push until the 
pin is flat.

Holding Clip

Bulb

Socket

670

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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High-Mount Brake Light Bulb

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High-Mount Brake Light Bulb

When replacing, use the following bulb.

1.

Open the trunk.

2.

Turn the socket counter-clockwise and 
remove it.

3.

Remove the old bulb and insert a new bulb.

High-Mount Brake Light: 21 W

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High-Mount Brake Light Bulb

High-mount brake light is LED type. Have an 
authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the light 
assembly.

Models with LED high-mount brake light

Models without LED high-mount brake light

Bulb

Socket

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Checking and Maintaining Wiper Blades

Checking Wiper Blades

If the wiper blade rubber has deteriorated, it will leave streaks, become noisy, and 
the hard surfaces of the blade may scratch the window glass.

Changing the Wiper Blade

1.

Set the power mode to ON, then to 
VEHICLE OFF.

2.

Within 10 seconds of setting the power 
mode to VEHICLE OFF, hold the wiper 
switch in the 

MIST

 position for more than 

two seconds.

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Both wiper arms are set to the 
maintenance position as shown in the 
image.

3.

Lift both wiper arms.

1

Changing the Wiper Blade

NOTICE

Avoid dropping the wiper arm onto the windshield, it 
may damage the wiper arm and/or the windshield.

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Checking and Maintaining Wiper Blades

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Changing the Wiper Blade

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4.

Depress the lock tab, then slide the wiper 
blade off the wiper arm.

5.

Slide the new wiper blade onto the wiper 
arm until it clicks into place.

6.

Lower both wiper arms.

7.

Set the power mode to ON, then set the 
wiper switch to the 

MIST

 position once.

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The wiper arms return to the standard 
position.

Tab

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

Checking Tires

To safely operate your vehicle, your tires must be of the proper type and size, in 
good condition with adequate tread, and properly inflated.

Inflation guidelines

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and 
comfort. Refer to the driver’s doorjamb label or specifications page for the specified 
pressure.

Underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling and fuel economy, and 
are more likely to fail from overheating.

Overinflated tires make your vehicle ride harshly, are more prone to road hazards, 
and wear unevenly.

Every day before you drive, look at each of the tires. If one looks lower than the 
others, check the pressure with a tire gauge.

At least once a month or before long trips, use a gauge to measure the pressure in all 
tires, including the spare

*

. Even tires in good condition can lose 1-2 psi (10-20 kPa, 

0.1-0.2 kgf/cm

2

) per month.

Inspection guidelines

Every time you check inflation, also examine the tires and valve stems. Look for:

Bumps or bulges on the side or in the tread. Replace the tire if you find any cuts, 
splits, or cracks in the side of the tire. Replace it if you see fabric or cord.

Remove any foreign objects and inspect for air leaks.

Uneven tread wear. Have a dealer check the wheel alignment.

Excessive tread wear.

2

Wear Indicators

 P. 678

Cracks or other damage around valve stem.

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Checking Tires

Measure the air pressure when tires are cold. This 
means the vehicle has been parked for at least three 
hours, or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km). If 
necessary, add or release air until the specified 
pressure is reached.

If checked when hot, tire pressure can be as much as 
4–6 psi (30–40 kPa, 0.3–0.4 kgf/cm

2

) higher than if 

checked when cold.

Whenever tire pressure is adjusted, you must 
calibrate the TPMS.

2

TPMS Calibration

 P. 492

Have a dealer check the tires if you feel a consistent 
vibration while driving. New tires and any that have 
been removed and reinstalled should be properly 
balanced.

3

WARNING

Using tires that are excessively worn or 
improperly inflated can cause a crash in 
which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s 
manual regarding tire inflation and 
maintenance.

U.S. models

* Not available on all models

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Tire and Loading Information Label

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Tire and Loading Information Label

The label attached to the driver’s doorjamb provides necessary tire and loading 
information.

Tire Labeling

The tires that came on your vehicle have a 
number of markings. Those you should be 
aware of are described as shown.

Whenever tires are replaced, they should be replaced with tires of the same size.

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Tire and Loading Information Label

The tire and loading information label attached to the 
driver’s doorjamb contains:

a

The number of people your vehicle can carry.

b

The total weight your vehicle can carry. Do not 
exceed this weight.

c

The original tire sizes for front, rear, and spare.

d

The proper cold tire pressure for front, rear, and 
spare.

Label 
Example

Example

Tire Size

Tire 
Identification 
Number (TIN)

Maximum 
Tire Load

Maximum 
Tire Pressure

Tire Size

Tire Sizes

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Tire Sizes

Following is an example of tire size with an 
explanation of what each component means.

P205/55 R16 89H

P: Vehicle type (P indicates passenger vehicle).
205: Tire width in millimeters.
55: Aspect ratio (the tire’s section height as a 
percentage of its width).
R: Tire construction code (R indicates radial).
16: Rim diameter in inches.
89: Load index (a numerical code associated with the 
maximum load the tire can carry).
H: Speed symbol (an alphabetical code indicating the 
maximum speed rating).

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Tire Labeling

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The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like 
the example in the side column. TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

Cold Tire Pressure

 – The tire air pressure when the vehicle has been parked for at 

least three hours or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km).

Load Rating

 – Means the maximum load that a tire is rated to carry for a given 

inflation pressure.

Maximum Inflation Pressure

 – The maximum tire air pressure that the tire can 

hold.

Maximum Load Rating

 – Means the load rating for a tire at the maximum 

permissible inflation pressure for that tire.

Recommended Inflation Pressure

 – The cold tire inflation pressure recommended 

by the manufacturer.

Treadwear Indicators (TWI)

 – Means the projections within the principal grooves 

designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

Glossary of Tire Terminology

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Tire Identification Number (TIN)

DOT B97R FW6X 2209

DOT: This indicates that the tire meets all 
requirements of the U.S. Department of 
Transportation.
B97R: Manufacturer's identification mark.
FW6X: Tire type code.
22 09: Date of manufacture.

Year
Week

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

The tires on your vehicle meet all U.S. Federal Safety 
Requirements. All tires are also graded for treadwear, traction, 
and temperature performance according to Department of 
Transportation (DOT) standards. The following explains these 
gradings.

Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall 
between tread shoulder and maximum section width.

The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear 
rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a 
specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 
would wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the 
government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance 
of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, 
and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in 
driving habits, service practices and differences in road 
characteristics and climate.

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

Treadwear

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Uniform Tire Quality Grading

For example:

Treadwear 200
Traction AA
Temperature A

All passenger car tires must conform 
to Federal Safety Requirements in 
addition to these grades.

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

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The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C. 
Those grades represent the tire's ability to stop on wet pavement 
as measured under controlled conditions on specified 
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked 
C may have poor traction performance.

The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, 
representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its 
ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions 
on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high 
temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and 
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire 
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which 
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle 
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels 
of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum 
required by law.

Traction

Temperature

1

Traction

Warning: The traction grade 
assigned to this tire is based on 
straight-ahead braking traction tests, 
and does not include acceleration, 
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak 
traction characteristics.

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Temperature

Warning: The temperature grade for 
this tire is established for a tire that is 
properly inflated and not 
overloaded. Excessive speed, 
underinflation, or excessive loading, 
either separately or in combination, 
can cause heat buildup and possible 
tire failure.

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Wear Indicators

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Wear Indicators

The groove where the wear indicator is 
located is about 1/16 inch (about 1.6 mm) 
shallower than elsewhere on the tire. If the 
tread has worn so that the indicator is 
exposed, replace the tire.

Worn out tires have poor traction on wet 
roads.

Tire Service Life

The life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including driving habits, road 
conditions, vehicle loading, inflation pressure, maintenance history, speed, and 
environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to regular inspections and inflation pressure maintenance, it is 
recommended that you have annual inspections performed once the tires reach five 
years old. All tires, including the spare

*

, should be removed from service after 10 

years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

Example of a Wear 
Indicator mark

* Not available on all models

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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