Honda Insight (2022 year). Manual in english - page 32

 

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Honda Insight (2022 year). Manual in english - page 32

 

 

509

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Transmission Fluid

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Transmission Fluid

Have a dealer check the fluid level and replace if necessary.

Do not attempt to check or change the transmission fluid yourself.

Specified fluid: Honda ATF DW-1

1

Transmission Fluid

NOTICE

Do not mix Honda ATF DW-1 with other 
transmission fluids.

Using a transmission fluid other than Honda ATF 
DW-1 may adversely affect the operation and 
durability of your vehicle’s transmission, and damage 
the transmission.
Any damage caused by using a transmission fluid that 
is not equivalent to Honda ATF DW-1 is not covered 
by Honda’s new vehicle limited warranty.

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Brake Fluid

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Brake Fluid

The fluid level should be between the 

MIN

 

and 

MAX

 marks on the side of the reserve 

tank.

Specified fluid: Honda Heavy Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3

Checking the Brake Fluid

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Brake Fluid

NOTICE

Brake fluid marked DOT 5 is not compatible with your 
vehicle’s braking system and can cause extensive 
damage.

If the specified brake fluid is not available, you should 
use only DOT 3 or DOT 4 fluid from a sealed 
container as a temporary replacement.

Using any non-Honda brake fluid can cause corrosion 
and decrease the longevity of the system. Have the 
brake system flushed and refilled with Honda Heavy 
Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3 as soon as possible.

If the brake fluid level is at or below the 

MIN

 mark, 

have a dealer inspect the vehicle for leaks or worn 
brake pads as soon as possible.

MIN

MAX

Brake Reserve Tank

511

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

Open the cap and check the amount of window washer fluid.

If the level is low, fill the washer reservoir.

Pour the washer fluid carefully. Do not overflow the reservoir.

1

Refilling Window Washer Fluid

NOTICE

Do not use engine antifreeze or a vinegar/water 
solution in the windshield washer reservoir.
Antifreeze can damage your vehicle’s paint. A 
vinegar/water solution can damage the windshield 
washer pump.
Use only commercially available windshield washer 
fluid.
Avoid prolonged use of hard water to prevent lime 
scale build up.

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Replacing Light Bulbs

Headlights

Headlights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the 
light assembly.

Fog Lights

*

Fog lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the 
light assembly.

Front Turn Signal, Parking/Daytime Running and 
Front Side Marker Lights

Front turn signal, parking/daytime running and front side marker lights are LED type. 
Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the light assembly.

Side Turn Signal/Emergency Indicator Lights

*

Door mirror side turn lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect 
and replace the light assembly.

1

Headlights

The headlight aim is set by the factory, and does not 
need to be adjusted. However, if you regularly carry 
heavy items in the trunk, have the aiming readjusted 
at a dealer or by a qualified technician.

* Not available on all models

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Rear Turn Signal Light Bulbs

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Rear Turn Signal Light Bulbs

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1.

Use a Phillips-head screwdriver or socket to 
remove the bolts.

2.

Pull the light assembly out of the rear pillar.

3.

Turn the socket counterclockwise and 
remove it.

4.

Remove the old bulb and insert a new bulb.

5.

Slide the light assembly onto the guide on 
the body.

6.

Align the pins with the body grommets, 
then push in until they fully seat.

Brake and Rear Side Marker Lights

Brake and rear side marker Lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer 
inspect and replace the light assembly.

Rear Turn Signal Light: 21 W (Amber)

Bolts

Bulb

Socket

514

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Taillights

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Taillights

Taillights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and replace the 
light assembly.

Back-Up Light Bulbs

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1.

Remove the holding clips using a flat-tip 
screwdriver, then pull the lining back.

2.

Turn the socket counterclockwise and 
remove it.

3.

Remove the old bulb and insert a new bulb.

Back-Up Light: 16 W

1

Back-Up Light Bulbs

When removing the clip, insert a flat-tip screwdriver, 
then lift and remove the clip.

Insert the clip with the pin raised, and push until it is 
flat.

Clip

Push until the 

pin is flat.

Holding 

Clip

Bulb

Socket

515

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Rear License Plate Light

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Rear License Plate Light

Rear license plate light is LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and 
replace the light assembly.

High-Mount Brake Light

High-mount brake light is LED type. Have an authorized Honda dealer inspect and 
replace the light assembly.

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Checking and Maintaining Wiper Blades

Checking Wiper Blades

If the wiper blade rubber has deteriorated, it will leave streaks, become noisy, and 
the hard surfaces of the blade may scratch the window glass.

Changing the Wiper Blade Rubber

1.

Set the power mode to VEHICLE OFF.

2.

While holding the wiper switch in the 

MIST

 position, set the power mode to ON, 

then to VEHICLE OFF.

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Both wiper arms are set to the 
maintenance position as shown in the 
image.

3.

Lift both wiper arms.

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Changing the Wiper Blade Rubber

NOTICE

Avoid dropping the wiper arm onto the windshield, it 
may damage the wiper arm and/or the windshield.

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Checking and Maintaining Wiper Blades

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Changing the Wiper Blade Rubber

Continued

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4.

Press up on and hold the tab, then slide 
the holder off the wiper arm.

5.

Pull the end of the wiper blade in the 
direction of the arrow in the image until it 
is out of the holder’s end cap.

6.

Pull the wiper blade in the opposite 
direction to slide it out of the holder.

Tab

Wiper Arm

Holder

Wiper 

Blade

End cap at 

the bottom

Wiper Blade

Holder

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Checking and Maintaining Wiper Blades

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Changing the Wiper Blade Rubber

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7.

Insert the flat side of the new wiper blade 
onto the bottom part of the holder. Insert 
the blade all the way.

8.

Install the end of the wiper blade into the 
cap.

9.

Slide the holder onto the wiper arm until it 
locks.

10.

Lower both wiper arms.

11.

Set the power mode to ON and hold the 
wiper switch in the 

MIST

 position until 

both wiper arms return to the standard 
position.

Holder

Wiper 

Blade

Cap

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

Checking Tires

To safely operate your vehicle, your tires must be of the proper type and size, in 
good condition with adequate tread, and properly inflated.

Inflation guidelines

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and comfort. 
Refer to the driver’s doorjamb label or specifications page for the specified pressure.

Underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling and fuel economy, and 
are more likely to fail from overheating.

Overinflated tires make your vehicle ride harshly, are more prone to road hazards, 
and wear unevenly.

Every day before you drive, look at each of the tires. If one looks lower than the 
others, check the pressure with a tire gauge.

At least once a month or before long trips, use a gauge to measure the pressure in all 
tires, including the spare

*

. Even tires in good condition can lose 1–2 psi (10–20 kPa, 

0.1–0.2 kgf/cm

2

) per month.

Inspection guidelines

Every time you check inflation, also examine the tires and valve stems.
Look for:

Bumps or bulges on the side or in the tread. Replace the tire if you find any cuts, 
splits, or cracks in the side of the tire. Replace it if you see fabric or cord.

Remove any foreign objects and inspect for air leaks.

Uneven tread wear. Have a dealer check the wheel alignment.

Excessive tread wear.

2

Wear Indicators

 P. 524

Cracks or other damage around valve stem.

1

Checking Tires

Measure the air pressure when tires are cold. This 
means the vehicle has been parked for at least three 
hours, or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km). If 
necessary, add or release air until the specified 
pressure is reached.

If checked when hot, tire pressure can be as much as 
4–6 psi (30–40 kPa, 0.3–0.4 kgf/cm

2

) higher than if 

checked when cold.

Whenever tire pressure is adjusted, you must 
calibrate the TPMS.

2

TPMS Calibration

 P. 406

Have a dealer check the tires if you feel a consistent 
vibration while driving. New tires and any that have 
been removed and reinstalled should be properly 
balanced.

Check the spare tire pressure once a month or before 
long trips.

3

WARNING

Using tires that are excessively worn or 
improperly inflated can cause a crash in 
which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s 
manual regarding tire inflation and 
maintenance.

Models with optional spare tire

* Not available on all models

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Tire and Loading Information Label

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Tire and Loading Information Label

The label attached to the driver’s doorjamb provides necessary tire and loading 
information.

Tire Labeling

The tires that came on your vehicle have a 
number of markings. Those you should be 
aware of are described as shown.

Whenever tires are replaced, they should be replaced with tires of the same size.

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Tire and Loading Information Label

The tire and loading information label attached to the 
driver’s doorjamb contains:

a

The number of people your vehicle can carry.

b

The total weight your vehicle can carry. Do not 
exceed this weight.

c

The original tire sizes for front, rear, and spare.

d

The proper cold tire pressure for front, rear, and 
spare.

Label 
Example

Example

Tire Size

Tire 
Identification 
Number (TIN)

Maximum 
Tire Load

Maximum 
Tire Pressure

Tire Size

Tire Sizes

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Tire Sizes

Following is an example of tire size with an 
explanation of what each component means.

P235/60 R18 102T

P: Vehicle type (P indicates passenger vehicle).
235: Tire width in millimeters.
60: Aspect ratio (the tire’s section height as a 
percentage of its width).
R: Tire construction code (R indicates radial).
18: Rim diameter in inches.
102: Load index (a numerical code associated with 
the maximum load the tire can carry).
T: Speed symbol (an alphabetical code indicating the 
maximum speed rating).

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Tire Labeling

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The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like 
the example in the side column. TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

Cold Tire Pressure

 – The tire air pressure when the vehicle has been parked for at 

least three hours or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km).

Load Rating

 – Means the maximum load that a tire is rated to carry for a given 

inflation pressure.

Maximum Inflation Pressure

 – The maximum tire air pressure that the tire can 

hold.

Maximum Load Rating

 – Means the load rating for a tire at the maximum 

permissible inflation pressure for that tire.

Recommended Inflation Pressure

 – The cold tire inflation pressure recommended 

by the manufacturer.

Treadwear Indicators (TWI)

 – Means the projections within the principal grooves 

designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

Glossary of Tire Terminology

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Tire Identification Number (TIN)

DOT B97R FW6X 2209

DOT: This indicates that the tire meets all 
requirements of the U.S. Department of 
Transportation.
B97R: Manufacturer’s identification mark.
FW6X: Tire type code.
22 09: Date of manufacture.

Year
Week

522

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

The tires on your vehicle meet all U.S. Federal Safety 
Requirements. All tires are also graded for treadwear, traction, 
and temperature performance according to Department of 
Transportation (DOT) standards. The following explains these 
gradings.

Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall 
between tread shoulder and maximum section width.

The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear 
rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a 
specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 
would wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the 
government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance 
of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, 
and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in 
driving habits, service practices and differences in road 
characteristics and climate.

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

Treadwear

1

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

For example:

Treadwear 200
Traction AA
Temperature A

All passenger car tires must conform 
to Federal Safety Requirements in 
addition to these grades.

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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DOT Tire Quality Grading (U.S. Vehicles)

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The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C. 
Those grades represent the tire's ability to stop on wet pavement 
as measured under controlled conditions on specified 
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked 
C may have poor traction performance.

The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, 
representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its 
ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions 
on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high 
temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and 
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire 
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which 
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle 
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels 
of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum 
required by law.

Traction

Temperature

1

Traction

Warning: The traction grade 
assigned to this tire is based on 
straight-ahead braking traction tests, 
and does not include acceleration, 
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak 
traction characteristics.

1

Temperature

Warning: The temperature grade for 
this tire is established for a tire that is 
properly inflated and not 
overloaded. Excessive speed, 
underinflation, or excessive loading, 
either separately or in combination, 
can cause heat buildup and possible 
tire failure.

524

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Checking and Maintaining Tires

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Wear Indicators

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Wear Indicators

The groove where the wear indicator is 
located is about 1/16 inch (about 1.6 mm) 
shallower than elsewhere on the tire. If the 
tread has worn so that the indicator is 
exposed, replace the tire. 

Worn out tires 

have poor traction on wet roads.

Tire Service Life

The life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including driving habits, road 
conditions, vehicle loading, inflation pressure, maintenance history, speed, and 
environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to regular inspections and inflation pressure maintenance, it is 
recommended that you have annual inspections performed once the tires reach five 
years old. All tires, including the spare

*

, should be removed from service after 10 

years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

Example of a Wear 
Indicator mark

* Not available on all models

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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