Seat Alhambra (2022 year). Manual in english - page 18

 

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Seat Alhambra (2022 year). Manual in english - page 18

 

 

Braking and parking

It lights up red

Brake pedal not pressed!

Fully depress the brake pedal.

It lights up green

Brake pedal not pressed.
Press the brake pedal to select a gear range.

Brake pedal not pressed.
Press the brake pedal to disengage the electronic

parking brake 

››› 

page 285

.

WARNING

When the ignition is switched on, the sta-

tus of the brake system and the brake as-
sist functions is automatically checked.
The control lights on the instrument cluster
light up briefly and then turn off again. If a
warning light stays on permanently, there
is a fault. Seek qualified technical assis-
tance immediately.

If the brake warning lamp 

 does not go

out or if it lights up when driving, the brake
fluid level in the reservoir is too lo so there
is a risk of an accident 

››› 

page 323, Brake

fluid

. Stop the vehicle and do not drive on.

Obtain technical assistance.

If the brake warning lamp lights up 

 to-

gether with the ABS lamp 

 this could be

due to an ABS fault. When this function
fails, the rear wheels can lock up. Under
certain circumstances, the rear of the vehi-

cle may skid, with the danger of losing con-
trol. Stop and seek technical assistance.

If the 

 lamp lights up, alone or accom-

panied by a warning message on the in-
strument panel display, please go immedi-
ately to a specialised workshop to check
the brake pads and to replace them if they
are worn.

Information about the brakes

New brake pads

For the first 200 to 300 km (100 to 200
miles), new brake pads have not yet reached
their maximum braking capacity, and need to
be “run in” first. However, you can compen-
sate for the slightly reduced braking effect by
applying more pressure on the brake pedal.
Avoid overloading the brakes while running
them in.

Wear

The rate of wear on the 

brake pads

 depends

a great deal on how you drive and the condi-
tions in which the vehicle is operated. This is a
particular problem in urban traffic and short
stretches, or with very sporty driving.

Depending on the speed, the braking force
and the environmental conditions (e.g. tem-
perature, air humidity, etc.) noises may be
produced when braking.

Wet roads or road salt

In certain situations (for example, on driving
through flooded areas, in severe downpours
or after washing the vehicle) the braking ac-
tion could be delayed if the discs and pads
are damp, or frozen in winter. In this case the
brakes should be “dried” by pressing the
brake pedal several times.

At high speed and with the windscreen wipers
activated, the brake pads will briefly touch
the brake discs. This takes place, although
unnoticeable to the driver, at regular intervals
to improve the response time of the brakes
when they are wet.

The effectiveness of the brakes can also be
temporarily reduced if the vehicle is driven for
some distance without using the brakes when
there is a lot of salt on the road in winter. The
layer of salt that accumulates on the discs
and pads can be removed by gently apply-
ing the brakes a few times.

Corrosion

There may be a tendency for corrosion to
form on the discs and dirt to build up on the
brake pads if the vehicle is used infrequently
or the brakes are not used very often.

If the brakes are not used frequently, or if rust
has formed on the disks, it is advisable to
clean off the pads and disks by braking firmly
a few times at a moderately high speed 

››› 

.

»

283

Driving

Fault in the brake system

If the brake pedal travel should ever increase

suddenly

, this may mean that one of the two

brake circuits has failed. Drive immediately to
the nearest specialised workshop and have
the fault repaired. Drive there slowly and re-
member that you will have to apply more
pressure on the brake pedal and allow for
longer stopping distances.

Low brake fluid level

Malfunctions can occur in the brake system if
the brake fluid level is too low. The brake fluid
level is monitored electronically.

Brake servo

The brake servo increases the pressure you
apply to the brake pedal. It works only when
the engine is running.

WARNING

Any anomaly in the brake system can in-
crease the braking distance, with the re-
sulting risk of an accident.

New brake pads and discs must be run in

and do not have the correct friction during
the first 200 km (124 miles). This reduced
braking capacity may be offset by pressing
on the brake pedal a little harder.

If you are driving on roads which have

been salted, braking effectiveness may be
decreased.

Brakes can overheat if used excessively

on slopes. Before driving down a long steep
slope, it is advisable to reduce speed and
change down into a lower gear or range.
Therefore, using the engine brake relieves
the brakes.

Gentle continuous braking causes the

brakes to overheat and the braking dis-
tance will increase. Apply and then release
the brakes alternately.

Apply the brakes heavily to clean the

brake system only in a suitable traffic situa-
tion. Do not put other road users in danger:
there is risk of causing an accident.

Ensure the vehicle does not move while in

neutral, when the engine is stopped. The
braking distance is increased considerably
when the brake servo is not active.

If the brake is subjected to high stresses,

vapour bubbles may form in the brake sys-
tem's pipes. This reduces the efficiency of
the brakes.

Non-standard or damaged front spoilers

could restrict the airflow to the brakes and
cause them to overheat. Before purchasing
accessories please read the relevant in-
structions.

CAUTION

Never let the brakes “drag” by leaving

your foot on the pedal when it is not neces-
sary to brake. This overheats the brakes, re-

sulting in longer stopping distances and
greater wear.

Before driving down a long, steep gradi-

ent, it is advisable to reduce speed and se-
lect a lower gear. This makes use of engine
braking and relieves the brakes. If you still
have to use the brakes, it is better to brake
firmly at intervals than to apply the brakes
continuously.

Note

If the brake servo is out of action, for ex-

ample when the car is being towed, you will
have to press the brake pedal considerably
harder than normal to make up for the lack
of servo assistance.

If you wish to equip the vehicle with ac-

cessories such as a front spoiler or wheel
covers, it is important that the flow of air to
the front wheels is not obstructed, other-
wise the brakes can overheat.

284

Braking and parking

Electronic parking brake

Fig. 266 

In the centre console: electronic

parking brake button

The electronic parking brake replaces the
handbrake.

Applying the electronic parking brake

The electronic parking brake can be activa-
ted whenever the vehicle is at a standstill,
even when the ignition is switched off. Acti-
vate it whenever you leave or park the vehi-
cle.

Pull and hold the 

 

››› 

Fig. 266

 button.

The parking brake is activated when both

the control lamp of button 

››› 

Fig. 266

 and

the 

red

 

 control lamp on the instrument

panel are both on.

Release the button.

Disconnecting the electronic parking
brake

Switch the ignition on.

Press the button 

 

››› 

Fig. 266

. At the same

time step hard on the brake pedal or, if the
engine is running, press the accelerator pedal
slightly.

The indicator lamp on button 

››› 

Fig. 266

and the 

red

 

 indicator lamp on the instru-

ment cluster turn off.

Automatic release of the electronic park-
ing brake upon moving off

The electronic parking brake is automatically
switched off when starting if, after the driver's
door is closed and the driver's seat belt fas-
tened, 

any

 of the following situations take

place:

In vehicles with automatic transmission: a

gear range is engaged or the vehicle is
switched to another one and the accelerator
pedal is lightly pressed.

In vehicles with manual transmission: the

clutch pedal is pressed fully before starting
off and the accelerator is pedal lightly press-
ed.

To facilitate certain manoeuvres there are

exceptions that allow the automatic parking
brake to be released without the driver's seat
belt being fastened.

The parking brake can be prevented from be-
ing automatically released by continuously
pulling up the 

 

››› 

Fig. 266

 switch when

starting off.

The electronic parking brake is not discon-
nected until the 

 button is released. This

can facilitate starting off when a heavy load
is towed 

››› 

page 301

.

Emergency brake function

Only use the emergency brake function if you
are unable to stop the vehicle with the foot
brake 

››› 

.

Pull and hold the 

 

››› 

Fig. 266

 button in

this position to 

forcefully

 stop the vehicle. At

the same time, an acoustic warning can be
heard.

To stop the braking process, release the 

button or press the accelerator.

WARNING

The improper use of the electronic parking
brake can cause accidents and serious in-
jury.

Never use the electronic parking brake to

stop the vehicle, unless it is an emergency.
Braking distances can be considerably lon-
ger, since, under certain circumstances,
only the rear wheels brake. Always use the
foot brake.

Never accelerate from the engine when a

gear range or a gear is engaged and the

»

285

Driving

engine is running. The vehicle could move,
even if the electronic parking brake is acti-
vated.

CAUTION

To prevent the vehicle from unintentionally
moving when parking it, first apply the
electronic parking brake and then remove
your foot from the brake pedal.

Note

In vehicles with a manual gearbox, re-

leasing the clutch and accelerating at the
same time automatically disconnects the
electronic parking brake.

If the vehicle battery is flat, it will not be

possible to disconnect the electronic park-
ing brake. Use the jump-start 

››› 

page 51

.

When the electronic parking brake is ap-

plied or released, noises may be heard.

The system performs automatic and au-

dible tests sporadically in the parked vehi-
cle if some time elapses without the elec-
tronic parking brake being used.

Auto Hold Function

Fig. 267 

Detailed view of the centre console:

Auto Hold button

The control light of the  



 



 

››› 

Fig. 267

button remains on when the Auto Hold func-
tion is connected.

Once connected, the Auto Hold function as-
sists the driver in keeping the vehicle station-
ary at repeated intervals or for a certain peri-
od of time with the engine running, for exam-
ple, when going up a slope, when stopped at
traffic lights or in heavy traffic with intermit-
tent stops.

When connected, the Auto Hold function au-
tomatically prevents the vehicle from rolling
when stationary without pressing the brake
pedal.

After detecting that the vehicle is stationary
and the brake pedal has been released, the

Auto Hold function holds the vehicle. The driv-
er can lift their foot off the brake pedal.

When the driver touches the accelerator
pedal or accelerates slightly to continue driv-
ing, the Auto Hold function releases the brake.
The vehicle moves according to the slope of
the road.

If the vehicle is stationary and one of the con-
ditions required by the Auto Hold function is
impaired, it disconnects itself and the button's
control light goes out 

››› 

Fig. 267

. The elec-

tronic parking brake connects automatically,
if necessary, to park the vehicle safely 

››› 

.

Conditions for keeping the vehicle station-
ary with the Auto Hold function

The driver door must be closed.

The driver's seat belt must be fastened.

The engine is running.

Switching the Auto Hold function on and
off

Press the button 



 



 

››› 

. The control

lamp on the button goes out when the Auto
Hold function is switched off.

Automatically engaging and disengaging
the Auto Hold function

If the Auto Hold function was switched on with
the 



 



 button before disengaging the

286

Braking and parking

ignition, the function will remain on after the
ignition is re-engaged.

If the Auto Hold function was not switched on,
it will automatically remain off next time the
ignition is engaged.

The Auto Hold function connects automat-
ically if the following conditions are met

(all points must be met 

at the same time

››› 

):

The vehicle is kept 

stationary

 with the

brake pedal on a flat surface or on a
slope.
The engine rotates “correctly”.

The Auto Hold function is automatically
turned off if the following conditions are
met:

If any of the conditions mentioned on

››› 

page 286, Conditions for keeping

the vehicle stationary with the Au-
to Hold function

 are no longer met.

If the engine is running irregularly or an
anomaly is detected.
If the engine is turned off or stalls.

Manual gearbox:

 The clutch and the ac-

celerator are pressed at the same time.

Automatic gearbox:

 If the accelerator is

pressed

Automatic gearbox:

 If any of the tyres

has only minimal contact with the

1.

2.

1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

ground, e.g. in the case of axle articula-
tion.

Permanent Auto Hold connection

The Auto Hold function must be switched on
every time the engine is started. However, to
switch the Auto Hold function on permanent-
ly, the “mark” must be switched on in the

Settings

 menu, 

Autohold

 submenu

››› 

page 73

.

WARNING

The smart technology incorporated into
the Auto Hold function cannot defy the
laws of physics; it only works within the lim-
its of the system. The greater convenience
provided by the Auto Hold function should
never tempt you to take any risk that may
compromise safety.

Never leave the vehicle running and with

the Auto Hold function switched on.

The Auto Hold function cannot always

keep the vehicle stationary uphill or down-
hill or stop it sufficiently, for example, on
slippery or frozen surfaces.

Note

Before entering a car wash, always switch
off the Auto Hold function, because if the
electronic parking brake is automatically
connected, it may cause damage.

Stabilisation and brake as-
sistance systems

Control lamps

It lights up

Fault in the ESC or ABS, or disconnection caused by
the system.

The ESC works in combination with the ABS. If the
ABS fails, the lamp also lights up.

Flashes

ESC or ASR activated.

It lights up

ASR manually deactivated.

It lights up yellow

Along with the ESC control lamp 

: fault in the ABS.

Together with the warning lamp  

 or 

: ABS fault.

WARNING

When the ignition is switched on, the status
of the brake system and the brake assist
functions is automatically checked. The
control lights on the instrument cluster
light up briefly and then turn off again. If a
warning light stays on permanently, there

»

287

Driving

is a fault. Seek qualified technical assis-
tance immediately.

Brake assist systems

Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

The ESC helps to improve safety. It reduces
the tendency to skid and improves the stabili-
ty and roadholding of the vehicle. The ESC
detects critical handling situations, such as
vehicle understeer or oversteer, or wheelspin
on the driving wheels. It stabilises the vehicle
by braking individual wheels or by reducing
the engine torque. The warning lamp will
flash on the instrument panel when the ESC is
intervening 

.

The ESC includes the anti-lock brake system
(ABS), the hydraulic brake assist (HBA), the
traction control system (ASR), electronic dif-
ferential lock (EDS), electronic torque control
(XDS).

ESC also helps stabilise the vehicle by
changing the torque.

The ASR can be deactivated when wheel spin
is desirable 

››› 

page 289

.

Anti-lock brake system (ABS)

ABS prevents the wheels from locking up un-
der braking until the vehicle has reached a
virtual standstill. You can continue to steer the

vehicle even when the brakes are on full.
Keep your foot on the brake pedal and do not
pump the brakes. You will feel the brake pedal
pulsate while the ABS is working.

If the running gear or brake system is modi-
fied, the effectiveness of the ABS could be se-
verely limited.

Hydraulic Brake Assist (HBA)

The brake assist system can reduce the re-
quired braking distance. The braking force is
automatically boosted if you press the brake
pedal quickly in an emergency. You must
keep pressing the brake pedal until the dan-
ger has passed.

Traction control system (ASR)

In the event of wheelspin, the traction control
system reduces the engine torque to match
the amount of grip available. This helps the
car to start moving, accelerate or climb a
gradient.

Electronic differential lock (EDL)

When the EDL detects wheelspin, it brakes
the spinning wheel and directs the power to
the other driven wheel. This function is active
up to approximately 100 km/h (62 mph).

To prevent the disc brake of the braked wheel
from overheating, the EDL cuts out automati-
cally if subjected to excessive loads. The ve-
hicle can still be driven. The EDL will switch on

again automatically when the brake has
cooled down.

Electronic engine torque management
(XDS)

When taking a curve, the driveshaft differen-
tial allows the outer wheel to turn at a higher
speed than the inner wheel. In this way, the
wheel that is turning faster (outer wheel) re-
ceives less drive torque than the inner wheel.
This may mean that in certain situations the
torque delivered to the inner wheel is too
high, causing the wheels to spin. On the other
hand, the outer wheel is receiving a lower
drive torque than it could transmit. This can
cause a loss of grip on the drive axle, in this
case the front axle, which results in under-
steer or “lengthening” of the trajectory.

The XDS can detect and correct this effect
via the sensors and signals of the ESC.

Via the ESC, the XDS will brake the inside
wheel and counter the excess driving torque
of that wheel. This means that the requested
trajectory is much more precise.

XDS works in combination with the ESC and is
always active, even when ASR is disconnec-
ted, or when the ESC is in Sport mode or dis-
connected.

WARNING

Driving at high speed on icy, slippery wet
ground can result in loss of vehicle control

288

Braking and parking

and serious injury to the driver and passen-
gers.

The ESC, ABS, ASR, EDS and the electron-

ic torque control system cannot exceed the
limits imposed by the laws of physics. Al-
ways bear this in mind, especially on wet or
slippery roads. If you notice the systems
cutting in, you should reduce your speed
immediately to suit the road and traffic
conditions. Do not be encouraged to take
risks by the presence of more safety sys-
tems. If you do, an accident may occur.

Please remember that the accident risk

always increases if you drive fast, espe-
cially in corners or on a slippery road, or if
you follow too close behind the vehicle in
front of you. The ESC, ABS, brake assist,
EDS and the electronic torque control sys-
tem cannot prevent accidents: risk of acci-
dents!

Accelerate with caution on slippery sur-

faces (for example, icy or snow-covered).
Despite the control systems, the driven
wheels could spin, affecting the stability of
the vehicle: risk of accident!

WARNING

The effectiveness of ESC can be consider-
ably reduced if other components and sys-
tems affecting driving dynamics are not
maintained or are not functioning correct-
ly. This includes, among others, brakes,
tyres and other systems already men-
tioned.

Remember that changing and fitting oth-

er components to the vehicle can affect
operation of the ABS, HBA and ESC.

Changes to the vehicle suspension or us-

ing unapproved wheel/tyre combinations
can affect operation of the ABS, HBA and
ESC, as well as their effectiveness.

Likewise, the effectiveness of ESC de-

pends on the use of suitable tyres

››› 

page 328

.

Note

The ABS and ASR will only operate cor-

rectly if the four wheels have identical
tyres. Any differences in the rolling radius
of the tyres can cause the system to re-
duce engine power when this is not desired.

The regulating processes of the systems

can make noises due to their operation.

If the warning lamp 

 or 

 lights up,

there could be a fault 

››› 

page 87

.

Any modifications made to the vehicle

(for example, to the engine, brake system,
running gear or to the combination of
wheels and tyres) may affect the operation
of the ABS, ASR and EDS.

Connecting and disconnecting the
ASR

Fig. 268 

Detailed view of the centre console:

button used to switch ASR on and off (vehicles

with ESC)

The electronic stability control ESC consists
of ABS, EDL and ASR and only works when
the engine is running.

The ASR can be switched off while the engine
is running by pressing the 

 



 button

››› 

Fig. 268

. The ASR (and similar) is only

switched off when the required traction is not
obtained:

When driving through deep snow or on

loose ground (gravel, etc.).

When “freeing” a trapped vehicle.

Turn the ASR back on by pressing the

 



 button 

››› 

Fig. 268

.

289

Driving

Parking

To park the vehicle

When parking your vehicle, all legal require-
ments should be observed.

Always note the following points when park-
ing the vehicle:

Park the vehicle on a suitable surface 

››› 

.

Connect the electronic parking brake

››› 

page 285

.

For an automatic gearbox, move the selec-

tor lever to position 

P

.

Switch the engine off and remove the key

from the ignition. Turn the steering wheel
slightly to engage the steering lock.

With a manual gearbox, engage first gear

on flat ground and slopes, or even reverse
gear on hills, and release the clutch pedal.

When leaving the vehicle, take all keys with

you.

Additionally, on steep slopes and inclines

Before switching off the engine, rotate the
steering wheel so that if the vehicle should
move, it will be held by the kerb.

On slopes, turn the front wheels so that

they are against the edge of the kerb.

Uphill, turn the wheels towards the centre of

the road.

WARNING

Avoid parking the vehicle where the hot

exhaust system could ignite inflammable
materials, such as dry grass, low bushes,
spilt fuel or flammable materials.

Do not leave passengers inside a closed

vehicle, they may not be able to open
doors or windows. Locked doors hinder the
possibility of a rescue.

Children should not be left alone in the

vehicle. They could tamper with the hand-
brake or the gears, which could cause the
vehicle to move without control.

Depending on weather conditions, it may

become extremely hot or cold inside the
vehicle. This can be fatal.

Note

In vehicles with automatic transmission, the
key can only be removed from the ignition
when the lever is in position P.

Help with parking and ma-
noeuvring

Park Assist system

Introduction

The Park Assist system helps the driver to find
a suitable place to park, to insert the vehicle
into parallel and perpendicular parking pla-
ces and to leave parallel parking places.

The Park Assist system is limited to the system
abilities and requires that the driver is espe-
cially attentive 

››› 

.

The parking sensor system is a component of
the Park Assist system that helps to park the
vehicle.

For vehicles with the optical parking system
(OPS), the infotainment system screen dis-
plays the detected zones in front of and be-
hind the vehicle, indicating - within the limits
of the system - the position of obstacles in re-
lation to the vehicle.

The park assist system cannot be switched
on if the factory-fitted towing bracket is elec-
trically connected to a trailer.

WARNING

Despite the assistance provided by the
park assist system, do not run any risks

290

Help with parking and manoeuvring

when parking. The system is not a replace-
ment for driver awareness.

Unintentional movements of the vehicle

could cause serious injury.

Adjust your speed and driving style to vis-

ibility, road, traffic and weather conditions.

The surface of certain objects and items

of clothing and external sound sources
may have a negative affect on the park as-
sist signals or on the system sensors or
may not reflect its signals.

The sensors have blind spots in which ob-

stacles and people are not registered.

Always observe the area around the vehi-

cle, as the sensors do not always detect
small children, animals or objects.

CAUTION

The park assist system aims exclusively

at other parked vehicles, without taking
curbs or other circumstances into account.
Make sure you do not damage the tyres
and wheel rims when parking. Where nec-
essary, stop manoeuvring to avoid damag-
ing the vehicle.

The sensors may not always be able to

detect objects such as trailer draw bars,
thin rails, fences, posts and trees, etc. This
could result in damage to your car.

Although the parking distance warning

system detects and warns of the presence
of an obstacle, the obstacle could disap-

pear from the measurement angle of the
sensors if it is too high or low and the sys-
tem would no longer show it. Therefore, it
will not warn you of these objects. Ignoring
the warnings of the parking sensor system
could cause considerable damage to the
vehicle. This is also valid when using the
park assist (e.g. to park behind a truck or
motorcycle). Therefore, always keep a
close watch on the area in front of and be-
hind the vehicle while parking, and inter-
vene promptly if necessary.

To ensure that the system works properly,

the bumper sensors must be kept clean,
free of ice and snow and uncovered.

The bumper sensors may become dam-

aged or misaligned, for example, when
parking.

When cleaning the sensors with high-

pressure or steam cleaning equipment,
spray the sensors briefly at a distance of
no less than 10 cm.

Note

If there is a fault in the system, go to a spe-
cialised workshop. SEAT recommends tak-
ing your car in for technical service.

Parking using the park assist sys-
tem

Fig. 269 

Detailed view of the centre console:

button to switch the park assist system on man-

ually.

»

291

Driving

Fig. 270 

Space detected: parallel or angle.

Parking preparations

The Traction control system ASR must be

turned on 

››› 

page 285

.

In parallel parking:

 press the  

››› 

Fig. 269

 button as many times as neces-

sary to select the desired parking mode.
When the function is enabled, the lamp but-
ton will light up.

In head-in parking:

 press the  

››› 

Fig. 269

 button as many times as neces-

sary to select the desired parking mode.
When the function is enabled, the lamp but-
ton will light up.

If necessary, press the 

 button once more

to change parking mode.

Apply the turn signal for the side on which a

gap is to be detected for parking. The instru-
ment panel displays the side corresponding
to the road.

Parking

When parking parallel to the road:

 drive

next to the gap at a speed of no more than
40 km/h (25 mph) 

and

 at a distance of be-

tween 0.5 m and 2 m.

When parking perpendicular to the road:

drive next to the gap at a speed of no more
than 20 km/h (12 mph) 

and

 at a distance of

between 0.5 m and 2 m.

The best parking results will be achieved if

you position the vehicle as parallel as possi-
ble to the line of parked cars or the kerb.

When a suitable parking place is displayed

on the instrument panel, stop and select re-
verse gear.

Follow the instructions given on the instru-

ment panel display

Then, release the steering wheel when the

warning signal sounds 

››› 

The system

will move the steering wheel! Ob-
serve the surrounding area.

Observe the surrounding area and acceler-

ate carefully at a maximum of 7 km/h
(4 mph).

The park assist system is 

only

 responsible

for moving the steering wheel during the ma-
noeuvre. 

The driver applies the accelera-

tor, the clutch, the gears and the brake.

Follow the instructions given by the park

assist system until the manoeuvre is comple-
ted.

The park assist system steers the vehicle

forwards and backwards until it is in a straight
position in the parking space.

The manoeuvre is complete when the cor-

responding indication is given on the instru-
ment panel display.

Finishing early or interrupting the parking
manoeuvre

The park assist system stops the manoeuvre
in advance in the event of one of the follow-
ing:

Press button 

.

Driving faster than 7 km/h (4 mph).

The driver moves the steering wheel.

The parking manoeuvre has not been com-

pleted after 6 minutes since the park assist
system was activated.

292

Help with parking and manoeuvring

A sliding door is opened. To restart the ma-

noeuvre, close the sliding door and press the

 button again.

There is a system malfunction (system tem-

porarily unavailable).

The ASR system is switched off or the ASR

or ESC is working.

WARNING

The steering wheel turns quickly by itself
when parking using the park assist system.
Placing your hand between the steering
wheel spokes could lead to injuries.

Note

The park assist system has its limitations.

For example, it is not possible to park on
tight bends using the park assist system.

Even if the park assist system recognises

that there is not enough space for parking
the vehicle, the instrument panel display
will still show this place. In this case, the
parking manoeuvre should not be reques-
ted.

Changing gears between forward and re-

verse gears before indicated (that is, be-
fore the signal from the parking sensor sys-
tem) the parking results may not be ideal.

For parallel parking (parallel to the road),

a sound will tell the driver when they must
change from forward gears to reverse; the

signal from the parking sensor system does
not indicate changes of direction.

The park assist can also be activated af-

terwards, if you pass close to a parallel
parking space at a maximum of 40 km/h
(25 mph) or close to a perpendicular park-
ing space at about 20 km/h (12 mph) and
then press the 

 button.

The progress bar on the screen of the in-

strument panel shows a display of the rela-
tive distance to be covered.

When the Park Assist system is turning

the steering wheel of the stopped vehicle
the 

 symbol is also displayed. Press on

the brake pedal so that the steering can
turn with the vehicle at a standstill and thus
reduce the number of manoeuvres.

A “suitable” parking space length is at

least 1.1 m greater than the length of the
vehicle.

If the results of the park assist system are

not as good after changing the wheels, the
system must memorise the perimeter of the
new wheels. This process is performed au-
tomatically while the vehicle is in motion.
To help this process, turn slowly (at less
than 20 km/h [12 mph]), e.g. in an empty
car park.

Leaving a parking space using the
Park Assist system

Exiting a parking space

Switch on the engine.

Press button 

. When the function is ena-

bled, the button 

››› 

Fig. 269

 will light up.

Apply the turn signal for the side on which

you want to leave the parking space.

Select reverse gear.

Follow the instructions given by the park

assist system.

When the next indication appears, release

the steering wheel 

››› 

 in Parking using the

park assist system on page 293

The sys-

tem will move the steering wheel!
Observe the surrounding area.

Observe the surrounding area and acceler-

ate carefully at a maximum of 7 km/h
(4 mph).

The park assist system is 

only

 responsible

for moving the steering wheel during the ma-
noeuvre. 

The driver applies the accelera-

tor, the clutch, the gears and the brake.

When it is possible to leave the parking

space, the Park Assist system will stop. Take
control of the steering and when traffic con-
ditions permit, leave the parking space.

»

293

Driving

Automatic interruption of the manoeuvre

The park assist system stops the manoeuvre
in the event of one of the following:

Driving faster than 7 km/h (4 mph).

The driver moves the steering wheel.

A sliding door is opened. To restart the ma-

noeuvre, close the sliding door and press the

 button again.

There is a system malfunction (system tem-

porarily unavailable).

The ASR system is switched off or the ASR

or ESC is working.

WARNING

The steering wheel turns quickly automati-
cally when leaving a parking space using
the park assist system. Placing your hand
between the steering wheel spokes could
lead to injuries.

Park Assist brake operation

The Park Assist system helps the driver by
braking automatically. Automatic braking
does not relieve the driver of responsibility for
controlling the accelerator, brake and clutch

››› 

.

Braking to avoid damage due to unsuitable
speed

It is possible that the system operates the
brakes to reduce excess speed. The parking
manoeuvre can then continue. The brakes
will intervene during each parking process.

Braking to minimise damage

When approaching an obstacle, the vehicle
may brake automatically. In certain circum-
stances (e.g. storm, detection of ultrasounds,
vehicle status, load, inclination), the Park As-
sist system may stop the vehicle completely
before an object.

Press the foot brake 

››› 

!

Following the intervention of the brakes, the
Park Assist will stop.

WARNING

Despite the assistance provided by the
park assist system, do not run any risks
when parking. The system is not a replace-
ment for driver awareness.

Always be ready to brake.

Automatic brake intervention will end af-

ter 1.5 seconds approximately. Following
automatic intervention of the brakes, stop
the vehicle yourself.

Parking aid

Introduction

The parking aid helps the driver when parking
and manoeuvring. When the vehicle ap-
proaches an obstacle, forwards or back-
wards, an intermittent audible warning will be
heard, higher or lower depending on the dis-
tance. The shorter the distance, the shorter
the intervals between tones. If the vehicle is
too close to the obstacle, the audible warning
becomes constant.

If you continue to approach an obstacle
when the sound is continuous, this means the
system can no longer measure the distance.

The sensor system on the bumpers transmit
and receive ultrasound. Using the ultrasound
signal (transmission, reflection from the ob-
stacle and reception), this system continu-
ously calculates the distance between the
bumper and the obstacle.

WARNING

The parking aid and the optical parking
system are no substitute for driver aware-
ness.

The sensors have blind spots in which ob-

stacles and people are not registered.

Always observe the area around the vehi-

cle, as the sensors do not always detect
small children, animals or objects.

294

Help with parking and manoeuvring

The surface of certain objects and some

clothing do not reflect the ultrasound sig-
nals from the parking distance system. The
system cannot detect or incorrectly de-
tects these objects and people wearing
these types of clothes.

External sound sources can affect the

parking distance aid signals. In this case,
under certain circumstances, people and
objects will not be detected.

CAUTION

The sensors may not always be able to

detect objects such as trailer draw bars,
thin rails, fences, posts, trees and open
boots, etc. This could result in damage to
your car.

Although the parking distance warning

system detects and warns of the presence
of an obstacle, the obstacle could disap-
pear from the measurement angle of the
sensors if it is too high or low and the sys-
tem would no longer show it. Therefore, it
will not warn you of these objects. Ignoring
the warnings of the parking sensor system
could cause considerable damage to the
vehicle.

The bumper sensors may become dam-

aged or misaligned, for example, when
parking.

To ensure that the system works properly,

the bumper sensors must be kept clean,
free of ice and snow and uncovered.

When cleaning the sensors with high-

pressure or steam cleaning equipment,
spray the sensors briefly at a distance of
no less than 10 cm (4 inches).

Note

Acoustic sources may lead to erroneous
warnings on the parking sensor system, e.g.
rough tarmac, cobbles or the noise of other
vehicles.

Connecting and disconnecting

Fig. 271 

Detailed view of the centre console:

button to connect or disconnect the park as-

sist.

Fig. 272 

Parking sensor system sensors on the

front bumper

Press the 

 button when the ignition is

switched on 

››› 

Fig. 271

.

Automatic connection:

 engage reverse

gear.

Automatic disconnection:

 drive faster than

15 km/h (9 mph).

The button lights up when the function is
switched on.

Special characteristics

The parking aid system sometimes detects

water on the sensors as an obstacle.

If the distance does not change, the warn-

ing signal will sound less loudly after a few
seconds. If the continuous signal sounds, the
volume will remain constant.

When the vehicle moves away from the ob-

stacle, the beeping sound automatically
switches off. On approaching the obstacle

»

295

Driving

again, the beeping sound will automatically
switch back on.

If the electronic parking brake is engaged

or the selector lever is set to 

P

no

 audible

warning will be emitted.

Your technical service centre can adjust the

volume of the warning signals.

Note

If the parking aid system is faulty, a contin-
uous audible warning will sound when it is
switched on for the first time, and the but-
ton will flash. Press the button to discon-
nect the park assist and have the system
checked as soon as possible by a special-
ised workshop.

Optical parking system (OPS)

Fig. 273 

On-screen OPS display: 

A

 has de-

tected an obstacle in the collision zone; 

B

 has

detected an obstacle in the segment; 

C

 zone

recorded behind the vehicle.

Fig. 274 

On-screen OPS display: 

A

 area re-

corded in front of the vehicle; 

B

 an obstacle

has been detected in the segment.

The optical parking system is an accessory to
the parking aid system 

››› 

page 295

 and the

park assist system 

››› 

page 290

.

The zone recorded by the sensors in front of
and behind the vehicle is displayed on the
factory-fitted infotainment system display.
Any obstacles are displayed in relation to the
vehicle 

››› 

.

The OPS activates automatically when the
parking aid 

››› 

page 295

 or the park assist

system is connected 

››› 

page 290

.

Manual disconnection of the optical indi-
cation

Press a button on the factory-fitted infotain-

ment system, for example the 



 button.

OR:

 briefly press the function button 

 or

RVC

 on the screen.

Automatic disconnection of the optical in-
dication

Drive forwards at around 10-15 km/h

(6-9 mph).

On vehicles with reverse assist, engage re-

verse gear 

››› 

page 297

. The display

changes to the image of the camera.

Zones explored

The approximate measurement range of the
sensors is:

Front area: 1.20 m

Front side area: 0.60 m

Rear area: 1.60 m

296

Help with parking and manoeuvring

Rear side area: 0.60 m

Screen display

The image displayed represents the super-
vised zones in several segments. As the vehi-
cle approaches an obstacle, it approaches
the displayed vehicle segment 

››› 

Fig. 273

 

B

and 

››› 

Fig. 274

 

B

. Ultimately, when the sec-

ond-to-last segment is shown, the collision
area has been reached. 

Stop the vehicle!

Segment colours (colour screen)

The distance to the obstacle ahead is

approximately 

31-120 cm

 and 

31-160

cm

 behind. The audio signal is intermit-

tent.

The distance to the obstacle ahead or

behind is approximately 

0-30 cm

. The

audio signal is continuous.

1)

With trailer

A specific image is displayed on the screen of
vehicles with a factory-fitted towing bracket
and an electrically connected trailer. In this
case, the distances behind the vehicle are not
indicated.

Yellow

Red

Switching the parking sensor system
sound on and off

If the 

 button on the infotainment system

display is pressed briefly, it may mute the
sound of OPS warnings. To switch the warn-
ings back on, press the button again briefly.

When the OPS is switched off and back on
again, muting is cancelled. Error messages
cannot be switched off.

WARNING

Do not be distracted from the traffic when
looking at the screen.

Reverse Assist (Rear View
Camera)

Introduction

The camera fitted to the rear lid helps drivers
during parking or reversing manoeuvres

››› 

page 262

. The camera image and certain

orientation points generated by the system
are indicated on the factory-fitted infotain-
ment system screen.

Two types of location point (modes) can be
selected:

Mode 1

: reverse parking perpendicular to

the road (e.g. in a car park).

Mode 2

: reverse parking parallel to the

curb.

The mode can be changed by pressing the
button on the infotainment system screen.
Only the mode to which the points can be
changed will be displayed.

WARNING

Use of the camera to calculate the dis-
tance from obstacles (people, vehicles,
etc.) is inaccurate and may cause acci-
dents and severe injuries.

The camera lens expands and distorts

the field of vision and displays the objects
on the screen in a different, vague manner.

Some objects may not be displayed or

may not be very clear (e.g. very thin posts
or fences), due to the resolution of the
monitor or if the light is dim.

The camera has blind spots in which ob-

stacles and people are not detected.

Keep the camera lens clean and clear of

snow and ice. Do not cover it.

»

1)

The permanent sound starts at a somewhat

greater distance on vehicles with a factory-fitted
towing bracket.

297

Driving

WARNING

The intelligent technology in the rear assist
system cannot change the limits imposed
by the laws of physics and by the system it-
self. Careless or uncontrolled use of the
rear assist system may result in severe inju-
ries and accidents. The system is not a re-
placement for driver awareness.

Adjust your speed and driving style to vis-

ibility, road, traffic and weather conditions.

Always keep a close eye on the area

around the vehicle and always look to-
wards where you are parking. The display
shows the path of the rear end of the vehi-
cle using the current steering angle. The
front of the vehicle turns more in compari-
son with the rear.

Do not be distracted from the traffic

when looking at the screen.

Always observe the area around the vehi-

cle, as the cameras do not always detect
children, animals or objects.

The system might not show all areas

clearly.

Only use the rear assist system when the

boot hatch is completely closed.

CAUTION

The camera only displays 2D images on

the screen. Due to the lack of depth, it
might be difficult or impossible to recog-

nise protruding objects or cracks in the
road.

The cameras may not always be able to

detect objects such as thin rails, fences,
posts and trees, etc. This could result in
damage to your car.

Usage instructions

Fig. 275 

Reverse assist indication: mode 2

connected.

Function buttons on the screen:

 display the menu; 

 hide the menu.

 Turning off the reversing camera im-

ages.
Display help. The help list explains the
surfaces and lines on the camera image.
Press 

 to exit help.

Mute the sound.
Adjust the display: bright, contrast, colour.

1

2

3

4

5

Switching on the orientation points for
rear parking perpendicular to the road
(mode 1).
Displaying the optical parking system.

Reverse assist works when the ignition is on or
with the engine running. After switching off
the ignition, the reverse assist image remains
briefly on the screen.

Connecting the reverse assist

Select reverse gear. Mode 1 will be dis-

played.

Manual disconnection

Press the 

 button (vehicles with an opti-

cal parking system).

OR:

 press a button on the factory-fitted in-

fotainment system, for example the 



 but-

ton.

OR:

 press the 

 button on the screen.

Automatic off

Release the reverse gear. The image turns

off after about 10 seconds, or, in vehicles with
parking systems (OPS), the OPS indication is
immediately displayed.

OR:

 Drive forward at more than 15 km / h (9

mph), approximately.

6

7

298

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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