Opel Karl (2019 year). Manual - part 10

 

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Opel Karl (2019 year). Manual - part 10

 

 

150

Vehicle care

12. Proceed to the left side rear

wheel, and repeat the procedure

in Step 9. The horn sounds twice

to indicate that the sensor

identification code has been

matched to the left side rear

wheel, and the tyre pressure

sensor matching process is no

longer active.

13. Turn off the ignition.
14. Set all four tyres to the

recommended air pressure level

as indicated on the tyre

information label.

15. Ensure the tyre loading status is

set according to the selected

pressure 3 75.

Tread depth

Check tread depth at regular

intervals.
Tyres should be replaced for safety

reasons at a tread depth of 2-3 mm

(4 mm for winter tyres).
For safety reasons it is recommended

that the tread depth of the tyres on

one axle should not vary by more than

2 mm.

The legally permissible minimum

tread depth (1.6 mm) has been

reached when the tread has worn

down as far as one of the tread wear

indicators (TWI). Their position is

indicated by markings on the

sidewall.
Tyres age, even if they are not used.

We recommend tyre replacement

every 6 years.

Changing tyre and wheel

size

If tyres of a different size than those

fitted at the factory are used, it may be

necessary to reprogramme the

nominal tyre pressure and make

other vehicle modifications.
After converting to a different tyre

size, have the label with tyre

pressures replaced 3 147.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheels

may lead to accidents and will

invalidate the vehicle type

approval.

Wheel covers

Wheel covers and tyres that are

factory approved for the respective

vehicle and comply with all of the

relevant wheel and tyre combination

requirements must be used.
If the wheel covers and tyres used are

not factory approved, the tyres must

not have a rim protection ridge.

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Vehicle care

151

Wheel covers must not impair brake

cooling.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheel

covers could lead to sudden

pressure loss and thereby

accidents.

Tyre chains

Tyre chains are only permitted on the

front wheels.

Always use fine mesh chains that add

no more than 10 mm to the tyre tread

and the inboard sides (including chain

lock).

9 Warning

Damage may lead to tyre blowout.

Tyre chains are only permitted on

tyres of size 165/65 R14.
Tyre chains are not permitted on tyres

of size 185/55 R15 and 195/45 R16.
The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.

Tyre repair kit

Minor damage to the tyre tread can be

repaired with the tyre repair kit.
Do not remove foreign bodies from

the tyres.
Tyre damage exceeding 4 mm or that

is at the tyre's sidewall cannot be

repaired with the tyre repair kit.

9 Warning

Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
Do not use for a lengthy period.
Steering and handling may be

affected.

If you have a flat tyre:
Apply the parking brake and engage

first gear or reverse gear.

The tyre repair kit is in the tool box

under the floor cover in the load

compartment.

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152

Vehicle care

1. Open the floor cover.

2. Remove the compressor and the

sealant bottle.

3. Remove the electrical connection

cable and air hose from the

storage compartments on the

underside of the compressor.

4. Screw the compressor air hose to

the connection on the sealant

bottle.

5. Fit the sealant bottle into the

retainer on the compressor.
Set the compressor near the tyre

in such a way that the sealant

bottle is upright.

6. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.

7. Screw the filler hose to the tyre

valve.

8. The switch on the compressor

must be set to J.

9. Connect the compressor plug to

the power outlet or cigarette

lighter socket.
To avoid discharging the battery,

we recommend running the

engine.

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Vehicle care

153

Set the rocker switch on the

compressor to I. The tyre is filled

with sealant.

10. The compressor pressure gauge

briefly indicates up to 6 bar whilst

the sealant bottle is emptying

(approx. 30 seconds). Then the

pressure starts to drop.

11. All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

12. The prescribed tyre pressure

should be obtained within

10 minutes.
Tyre pressure 3 174.
When the correct pressure is

obtained, switch off the

compressor.

If the prescribed tyre pressure is

not obtained within 10 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation.

Reattach the tyre repair kit and

continue the filling procedure for

10 minutes. If the prescribed tyre

pressure is still not obtained, the

tyre is too badly damaged. Seek

the assistance of a workshop.

Drain excess tyre pressure with

the button over the pressure

indicator.

Depending on version the button

can be located on the air hose.
Do not run the compressor longer

than 10 min.

13. Detach the tyre repair kit. Push

catch on bracket to remove

sealant bottle from bracket. Screw

the tyre inflation hose to the free

connection of the sealant bottle.

This prevents sealant from

escaping. Stow tyre repair kit in

load compartment.

14. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

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154

Vehicle care

15. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the sealant bottle and affix in the

driver's field of view.

16. Continue driving immediately so

that sealant is evenly distributed

in the tyre. After driving approx.

10 km (but no more than

10 minutes), stop and check tyre

pressure. Screw compressor air

hose directly onto tyre valve and

compressor when doing this.

If tyre pressure is more than

1.3 bar, set it to the correct value.

Repeat the procedure until there

is no more loss of pressure.

If the tyre pressure has fallen

below 1.3 bar, the vehicle must

not be used. Seek the assistance

of a workshop.

17. Stow away tyre repair kit in load

compartment.
Reinstall floor cover.
Rear floor storage cover 3 56.

Note

The driving characteristics of the

repaired tyre are severely affected,

therefore have this tyre replaced.
If unusual noise is heard or the

compressor becomes hot, turn

compressor off for at least 30 min.
The built-in safety valve opens at a

pressure of 7 bar.
Note the expiry date of the kit. After

this date its sealing capability is no

longer guaranteed. Pay attention to

storage information on sealant

bottle.
Replace the used sealant bottle.

Dispose of the bottle as prescribed

by applicable laws.
The compressor and sealant can be

used from approx. -30 °C.

The adapters possibly supplied can

be used to pump up other items e.g.

footballs, air mattresses, inflatable

dinghies etc. They can be located on

the underside of the compressor. To

remove, screw on compressor air

hose and withdraw adapter.

Wheel changing

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-skid surface. The front

wheels must be in the straight-

ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear or reverse gear.

● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Take heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

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Vehicle care

155

● Do not start the vehicle when it is

raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel nuts and thread with

a clean cloth before mounting the

wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

Jacking positions

The jacking positions shown refer to

the use of lifting arms and accessory

jacks used for changing winter /

summer tyres.

Rear arm position of the lifting

platform, located centrally under the

recess of the sill.

Front arm position of the lifting

platform at the underbody.

Spare wheel

Temporary spare wheel

Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. Do not drive faster than

80 km/h. Take curves slowly. Do not

use for a long period of time.

Caution

The use of a spare wheel that is

smaller than the other wheels or in

combination with winter tyres

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre replaced as soon as

possible.

The spare wheel is located in the load

compartment beneath the floor

covering. It is secured in the recess

with a wing bolt.

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156

Vehicle care

Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. The permissible maximum

speed on the label on the temporary

spare wheel is only valid for the

factory-fitted tyre size.

Fitting the spare wheel

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-skid surface. The front

wheels must be in the straight-

ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear or reverse gear.

● Remove the spare wheel 3 155.
● Never change more than one

wheel at once.

● Use the jack only to change

wheels in case of puncture, not

for seasonal winter or summer

tyre change.

● The jack is maintenance-free.
● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Take heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

● Do not start the vehicle when it is

raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel nuts and thread with

a clean cloth before mounting the

wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

1. Steel wheels:

Pull off the wheel cover.
Alloy wheels with bolt caps
Disengage wheel bolt caps with a

screwdriver and remove. To

protect the wheel, place a soft

cloth between the screwdriver

and the alloy wheel.
Alloy wheels with centre cap

Insert extractor in the open slot of

the centre cap and remove the

cap from the wheel.
Vehicle tools 3 144.

2. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and loosen

each wheel bolt by half a turn.
The wheels might be protected by

locking wheel bolts. To loosen

these specific bolts, first attach

the adapter for the locking wheel

bolts onto the head of the bolt

before installing the wheel

wrench. The adapter is located in

the glovebox.

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Vehicle care

157

3. Ensure the jack is correctly

positioned under the relevant

vehicle jacking point.

4. Set the jack to the necessary

height. Position it directly below

the jacking point in a manner that

prevents it from slipping.
Attach jack handle and with the

jack correctly aligned rotate

handle until wheel is clear of the

ground.

5. Unscrew the wheel bolts.
6. Change the wheel.
7. Screw on the wheel bolts.
8. Lower vehicle and remove jack.
9. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it is securely located and

tighten each bolt in a crosswise

sequence. Tightening torque is

140 Nm.

10. Align the valve hole in the wheel

cover of the steel wheel with the

tyre valve before installing.
Install wheel bolt caps or centre

cap on alloy wheel.

11. Stow and secure the replaced

wheel, the vehicle tools 3 144 and

the adapter for the locking wheel

bolts 3 52.

12. Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre and the wheel bolt

torque as soon as possible.

Stowing a damaged wheel in the

load compartment using a strap

Use the strap placed in the tool box.
Vehicle tools 3 144.
The spare wheel well is not designed

for all permitted tyre sizes. If a wheel

wider than the spare must be stowed

in the spare wheel well after changing

wheels, the floor cover can be placed

on the projecting wheel.

1. Remove load compartment cover

and lift up load compartment floor.

Position the tool box and the

damaged wheel to stand upright

into the tool box spare.

2. Pull up the release knob on top of

the rear seat and move backrest

forwards.

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158

Vehicle care

3. Place the loop end of the strap

from the tool box through the

backrest latch.

4. Place the hook end of the strap

through the loop and pull it until

the strap is fastened securely to

the backrest latch.

5. Pull back the backrests.
6. Mount the hook to the tailgate

latch.

7. Tighten the strap and secure it

using the buckle.

9 Warning

Storing a jack, a wheel or other

equipment in the load

compartment could cause injury if

they are not fixed properly. During

a sudden stop or a collision, loose

equipment could strike someone.

Store jack and tools always in the

respective storage compartments

and secure them by fixing.
Damaged wheel placed in the load

compartment must always be

secured by the strap.

9 Danger

Always drive with folded up and

engaged rear seat backrests when

stowing a damaged full size wheel

in the load compartment.

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Vehicle care

159

Jump starting

Do not start with a quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged vehicle

battery can be started using jump

leads and the vehicle battery of

another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the battery with

eyes, skin, fabrics and painted

surfaces. The fluid contains

sulphuric acid which can cause

injuries and damage in the event

of direct contact.

● Never expose the battery to

naked flames or sparks.

● A discharged vehicle battery can

already freeze at a temperature

of 0 °C. Defrost the frozen battery

before connecting jump leads.

● Wear eye protection and

protective clothing when

handling a battery.

● Use a booster battery with the

same voltage (12 V). Its capacity

(Ah) must not be much less than

that of the discharged battery.

● Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of

at least 16 mm

2

.

● Do not disconnect the discharged

vehicle battery from the vehicle.

● Switch off all unnecessary

electrical consumers.

● Do not lean over the battery

during jump starting.

● Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

● The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during

the jump starting process.

● Apply the parking brake,

transmission in neutral.

● Open the positive terminal

protection caps of both vehicle

batteries.

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal of the booster

battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal of the

discharged battery.

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160

Vehicle care

3. Connect the black lead to the

negative terminal of the booster

battery.

4. Connect the other end of the black

lead to a vehicle grounding point,

such as the engine block or an

engine mounting bolt. Connect as

far away from the discharged

vehicle battery as possible,

however at least 60 cm.

Route the leads so that they cannot

catch on rotating parts in the engine

compartment.
To start the engine:

1. Start the engine of the vehicle

providing the jump.

2. After 5 minutes, start the other

engine. Start attempts should be

made for no longer than

15 seconds at an interval of

1 minute.

3. Allow both engines to idle for

approx. 3 minutes with the leads

connected.

4. Switch on electrical consumers

(e.g. headlights, heated rear

window) of the vehicle receiving

the jump start.

5. Reverse above sequence exactly

when removing leads.

Towing

Towing the vehicle

The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 144.

1. Wrap a cloth around the tip of a flat

screwdriver to prevent paint

damage. Disengage cap by using

the screwdriver and remove the

cap.

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Vehicle care

161

2. Screw in the towing eye as far as

it will go until it stops in a

horizontal position.

3. Attach a tow rope – or better still a

tow rod – to the towing eye.

General

The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not for recovering the

vehicle.
Switch on ignition to release steering

wheel lock and to permit operation of

brake lights, horn and windscreen

wiper.
Switch the selector lever to neutral.
Release the parking brake.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

When the engine is not running,

considerably more force is needed to

brake and steer.
To prevent the entry of exhaust gases

from the towing vehicle, switch on the

air recirculation and close the

windows.
The vehicle must be towed facing

forward, not faster than 88 km/h. In all

other cases and when the

transmission is defective, the front

axle must be raised off the ground.
Seek the assistance of a workshop.
After towing, unscrew the towing eye.
Insert cap and engage in the front

bumper.

Appearance care

Exterior care

Locks

The locks are lubricated at the factory

using a high quality lock cylinder

grease. Use a de-icing agent only

when absolutely necessary, as this

has a degreasing effect and impairs

lock function. After using a de-icing

agent, have the locks regreased by a

workshop.

Washing

The paintwork of your vehicle is

exposed to environmental influences.

Wash and wax your vehicle regularly.

When using automatic vehicle

washes, select a programme that

includes waxing.
Bird droppings, dead insects, resin,

pollen and the like should be cleaned

off immediately, as they contain

aggressive constituents which can

cause paint damage.

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162

Vehicle care

If using a car wash, comply with the

car wash manufacturer's instructions.

The windscreen wiper and rear

window wiper must be switched off.

Remove antenna and external

accessories such as roof racks etc.
If you wash your vehicle by hand,

make sure that the insides of the

wheel housings are also thoroughly

rinsed out.
Clean edges and folds on opened

doors and the bonnet as well as the

areas they cover.
Clean bright metal mouldings with a

cleaning solution approved for

aluminium to avoid damages.

Caution

Always use a cleaning agent with

a pH value of four to nine.
Do not use cleaning agents on hot

surfaces.

Have the door hinges of all doors

greased by a workshop.
Do not clean the engine compartment

with a steam-jet or high-pressure jet

cleaner.

Thoroughly rinse and leather-off the

vehicle. Rinse leather frequently. Use

separate leathers for painted and

glass surfaces: remnants of wax on

the windows will impair vision.
Do not use hard objects to remove

spots of tar. Use tar removal spray on

painted surfaces.

Exterior lights

Headlight and other light covers are

made of plastic. Do not use any

abrasive or caustic agents, do not use

an ice scraper, and do not clean them

dry.

Polishing and waxing

Wax painted parts of the vehicle

regularly (at the latest when water no

longer beads). Otherwise, the

paintwork will dry out.
Polishing is necessary only if the paint

has become dull or if solid deposits

have become attached to it.
Paintwork polish with silicone forms a

protective film, making waxing

unnecessary.

Unpainted plastic body parts must not

be treated with wax or polishing

agents.

Windows and windscreen wiper

blades

Switch off wipers before handling in

their areas.
Use a soft lint-free cloth or chamois

leather together with window cleaner

and insect remover.
When cleaning the rear window from

inside, always wipe in parallel to the

heating element to prevent damage.
For mechanical removal of ice, use a

sharp-edged ice scraper. Press the

scraper firmly against the glass so

that no dirt can get under it and

scratch the glass.
Clean smearing wiper blades with a

soft cloth and window cleaner.

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Vehicle care

163

Sunroof

Never clean with solvents or abrasive

agents, fuels, aggressive media (e.g.

paint cleaner, acetone-containing

solutions etc.), acidic or highly

alkaline media or abrasive pads. Do

not apply wax or polishing agents to

the sunroof.

Wheels and tyres

Do not use high-pressure jet

cleaners.
Clean rims with a pH-neutral wheel

cleaner.
Rims are painted and can be treated

with the same agents as the body.

Paintwork damage

Rectify minor paintwork damage with

a touch-up pen before rust forms.

Have more extensive damage or rust

areas repaired by a workshop.

Underbody

Some areas of the vehicle underbody

have a PVC undercoating while other

critical areas have a durable

protective wax coating.

After the underbody is washed, check

the underbody and have it waxed if

necessary.
Bitumen / rubber materials could

damage the PVC coating. Have

underbody work carried out by a

workshop.
Before and after winter, wash the

underbody and have the protective

wax coating checked.

Interior care

Interior and upholstery

Only clean the vehicle interior,

including the instrument panel fascia

and panelling, with a dry cloth or

interior cleaner.
Clean the leather upholstery with

clear water and a soft cloth. In case of

heavy soiling, use leather care.
The instrument cluster and the

displays should only be cleaned using

a soft damp cloth. If necessary use a

weak soap solution.
Clean fabric upholstery with a

vacuum cleaner and brush. Remove

stains with an upholstery cleaner.

Clothing fabrics may not be

colourfast. This could cause visible

discolourations, especially on light-

coloured upholstery. Removable

stains and discolourations should be

cleaned as soon as possible.
Clean seat belts with lukewarm water

or interior cleaner.

Caution

Close Velcro fasteners as open

Velcro fasteners on clothing could

damage seat upholstery.
The same applies to clothing with

sharp-edged objects, like zips or

belts or studded jeans.

Plastic and rubber parts

Plastic and rubber parts can be

cleaned with the same cleaner as

used to clean the body. Use interior

cleaner if necessary. Do not use any

other agent. Avoid solvents and petrol

in particular. Do not use high-

pressure jet cleaners.

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164

Service and maintenance

Service and

maintenance

General information ................... 164

Service information .................. 164

Recommended fluids, lubricants

and parts .................................... 165

Recommended fluids and

lubricants ................................ 165

General information

Service information

In order to ensure economical and

safe vehicle operation and to

maintain the value of your vehicle, it

is of vital importance that all

maintenance work is carried out at the

proper intervals as specified.
The detailed, up-to-date service

schedule for your vehicle is available

at the workshop.
Service display 3 66.

European service intervals

Maintenance of your vehicle is

required every 30,000 km or after one

year, whichever occurs first.

Additional engine oil and filter change

is indicated by the engine oil life

system, when required earlier than

maintenance.
A shorter service interval can be valid

for severe driving behaviour, e.g. for

taxis and police vehicles.
The European service intervals are

valid for the following countries:

Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-

Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,

Greece, Greenland, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta,

Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, United Kingdom.
Service display 3 66.

International service intervals

Maintenance of your vehicle is

required every 15,000 km or after one

year, whichever occurs first.

Additional engine oil and filter change

is indicated by the engine oil life

system, when required earlier than

maintenance.
Severe operating conditions exist if

one or more of the following

circumstances occur frequently: Cold

starting, stop and go operation, trailer

operation, mountain driving, driving

on poor and sandy road surfaces,

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Service and maintenance

165

increased air pollution, presence of

airborne sand and high dust content,

driving at high altitude and large

variations of temperature. Under

these severe operating conditions,

certain service work may be required

more frequently than the regular

service interval.
The international service intervals are

valid for the countries which are not

listed in the European service

intervals.
Service display 3 66.

Confirmations

Confirmation of service is recorded in

the Service and Warranty Booklet.

The date and mileage is completed

with the stamp and signature of the

servicing workshop.
Make sure that the Service and

Warranty Booklet is completed

correctly as continuous proof of

service is essential if any warranty or

goodwill claims are to be met, and is

also a benefit when selling the

vehicle.

Recommended fluids,

lubricants and parts

Recommended fluids and

lubricants

Only use products that meet the

recommended specifications.

9 Warning

Operating materials are

hazardous and could be

poisonous. Handle with care. Pay

attention to information given on

the containers.

Engine oil

Engine oil is identified by its quality

and its viscosity. Quality is more

important than viscosity when

selecting which engine oil to use. The

oil quality ensures e.g. engine

cleanliness, wear protection and oil

aging control, whereas viscosity

grade gives information on the oil's

thickness over a temperature range.

Dexos is the newest engine oil quality

that provides optimum protection for

petrol engines. If it is unavailable,

engine oils of other listed qualities

have to be used.
Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 169.

Topping up engine oil

Caution

In case of any spilled oil, wipe it up

and dispose it properly.

Engine oils of different manufacturers

and brands can be mixed as long as

they comply with the required engine

oil quality and viscosity.
Use of engine oil with only ACEA

quality is prohibited, since it can

cause engine damage under certain

operating conditions.
Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 169.

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