Opel Vivaro (2018 year). Manual - part 12

 

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Opel Vivaro (2018 year). Manual - part 12

 

 

Vehicle care

183

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184

Vehicle care

No. Circuit
1

Battery backup (with electronic

key system)

2

Adaptations

3

Adaptations

4

Vehicle battery (with electronic

key system)

5

Additional heating and ventila‐

tion / Air conditioning system

6

Supplementary heating and

ventilation system

7

Electric exterior mirrors / Addi‐

tional adaptations

8

Heated exterior mirrors

9

Radio / Multimedia / Electric

exterior mirrors / Diagnostic

socket

10 Multimedia / Trailer hitch
11 Courtesy lights / Battery

discharge protection

No. Circuit
12 Right-hand high beam / Left-

hand low beam / Sidelights /

Right-hand daytime running

light

13 Hazard warning flashers / Turn

and lane-change signals

14 Central locking
15 Left-hand high beam / Right-

hand low beam / Tail lights /

Left-hand daytime running light

16 Front fog lights / Rear fog lights /

Number plate lighting

17 Alarm / Horn / Lighting / Wiper
18 Instrument cluster
19 Heating and ventilation system
20 Rear window wiper / Wind‐

screen washer pump / Horn

21 General battery
22 Reversing lights
23 Brake switch

No. Circuit
24 Fuel injection / Starter
25 Airbag / Steering column lock
26 Passenger power window
27 Power steering
28 Brake lights
29 Battery backup (with electronic

key system)

30 Service display
31 Cigarette lighter / Power outlet
32 Heating and ventilation system
33 Brake lights / ABS / Immobiliser
34 Interior lighting / Air conditioning
35 Starting with electronic key

system

36 Rear window wiper
37 Warning chimes
38 Load compartment power outlet
39 Driver power window

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Vehicle care

185

No. Circuit
40 Rear power outlet
41 Starting / Body control module
42 Heated seats
43 Tachograph
44 Windscreen wiper
45 Heating / Air conditioning

After having changed defective fuses,

replace the trim panel.

Vehicle tools

Tools

The jack, wheel wrench, wheel bolt

sleeve, torx key, adapters, wheel

cover hook, towing eye are contained

in a unit, stowed under the driver's

seat.

Slide seat forwards and fold the

backrest forwards 3 48 to access the

tool box. The tool box may be secured

in position with a wing nut. Rotate

wing nut anticlockwise to release.
Wheel changing 3 194.
Spare wheel 3 195.
Vehicles with tyre repair kit: The

wheel cover hook and torx key are

stored within the tyre repair kit case,

stowed under the driver's seat.
Tyre repair kit 3 191.

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186

Vehicle care

Wheels and tyres

Tyre condition, wheel condition

Drive over edges slowly and at right

angles if possible. Driving over sharp

edges can cause tyre and wheel

damage. Do not trap tyres on the kerb

when parking.
Regularly check the wheels for

damage. Seek the assistance of a

workshop in the event of damage or

unusual wear.
We recommend not swapping the

front wheels with the rear wheels and

vice versa, as this can affect vehicle

stability. Always use less worn tyres

on the rear axle.

Tyres

Factory-fitted tyres are matched to

the chassis and offer optimum driving

comfort and safety.

Winter tyres

Winter tyres improve driving safety at

temperatures below 7 °C and should

therefore be fitted on all wheels.
In accordance with country-specific

regulations, a notice indicating the

maximum permissible speed for the

tyres must be affixed within the

driver's field of vision.

Tyre designations

E.g. 195/65 R 16 C 88 Q
195 : Tyre width, mm

65 : Cross-section ratio (tyre height

to tyre width), %

R

: Belt type: Radial

RF : Type: RunFlat

16 : Wheel diameter, inches

C

: Cargo or commercial use

88 : Load index e.g. 88 is

equivalent to 567 kg

Q

: Speed code letter

Speed code letter:
Q : up to 160 km/h

S : up to 180 km/h

T : up to 190 km/h

H : up to 210 km/h

V : up to 240 km/h

W : up to 270 km/h
Choose a tyre appropriate for the

maximum speed of your vehicle.
The maximum speed is achievable at

kerb weight with driver (75 kg) plus

125 kg payload. Optional equipment

could reduce the maximum speed of

the vehicle.

Directional tyres

Fit directional tyres such that they roll

in the direction of travel. The rolling

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.

Tyre pressure

Check the pressure of cold tyres at

least every 14 days and before any

long journey. Do not forget the spare

wheel. This also applies to vehicles

with tyre pressure monitoring system.

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Vehicle care

187

The tyre pressure information label

on the driver's door frame indicates

the original equipment tyres and the

correspondent tyre pressures.

Always inflate tyres to the pressures

shown on the label.
Tyre pressures 3 220.
The tyre pressure data refers to cold

tyres. It applies to summer and winter

tyres.
Always inflate the spare tyre to the

pressure specified for full load.
Incorrect tyre pressures will impair

safety, vehicle handling, comfort and

fuel economy and will increase tyre

wear.

Tyre pressures differ depending on

various options. For the correct tyre

pressure value, follow the procedure

below:

1. Identify the engine identifier code.

Engine data 3 210.

2. Identify the respective tyre.

The tyre pressure tables show all

possible tyre combinations 3 220.
For the tyres approved for your

vehicle, refer to the EEC Certificate of

Conformity provided with your vehicle

or other national registration

documents.
The driver is responsible for correct

adjustment of tyre pressure.

9 Warning

If the pressure is too low, this can

result in considerable tyre warm-

up and internal damage, leading to

tread separation and even to tyre

blow-out at high speeds.

9 Warning

For specific tyres the

recommended tyre pressure as

shown in the tyre pressure table

may exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

Never exceed the maximum tyre

pressure as indicated on the tyre.

Temperature dependency

Tyre pressure depends on the

temperature of the tyre. During

driving, tyre temperature and

pressure increase.
Tyre pressure values provided on the

tyre information label and tyre

pressure chart are valid for cold tyres,

which means at 20 °C. The pressure

increases by nearly 10 kPa (0.1 bar)

for a 10 °C temperature increase.

This must be considered when warm

tyres are checked.

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188

Vehicle care

Trailer towing

When towing a trailer with a fully

laden vehicle, the tyre pressure must

be increased by 20 kPa/0.2 bar

(3.0 psi) and the maximum speed

limited to 100 km/h.
Trailer towing 3 162.

Tyre pressure monitoring

system

The tyre pressure monitoring system

uses radio and sensor technology to

check tyre pressure levels.

Caution

Tyre pressure monitoring system

warns only about low tyre pressure

condition and does not replace

regular tyre maintenance by the

driver.

All wheels must be equipped with

pressure sensors and the tyres must

have the prescribed pressure.

Note

In countries where the tyre pressure

monitoring system is legally

required, the use of wheels without

pressure sensors will invalidate the

vehicle operating permit.

The tyre pressure monitoring system

sensors monitor the air pressure in

the tyres and transmit tyre pressure

readings to a receiver located in the

vehicle.
Tyre pressure chart 3 220.

Low tyre pressure condition

A detected low tyre pressure

condition is indicated by illumination

of control indicator w 3 100 and a

corresponding message appears in

the Driver Information Centre.
If w illuminates, stop as soon as

possible and inflate the tyres as

recommended 3 220.
After inflating, some driving may be

required to update the tyre pressure

values in the system. During this time

w may illuminate.
If w illuminates at lower temperatures

and extinguishes after some driving,

this could be an indicator for

approaching a low tyre pressure

condition. Check tyre pressure of all

four tyres.
If the tyre pressure must be reduced

or increased, switch off ignition.
Only mount wheels with pressure

sensors, otherwise w flashes for

several seconds then illuminates

continuously together with control

indicator F 3 98 and a corresponding

message appears in the Driver

Information Centre.

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Vehicle care

189

A spare wheel or temporary spare

wheel is not equipped with pressure

sensors. The tyre pressure

monitoring system is not operational

for these wheels. For the further three

wheels, the tyre pressure monitoring

system remains operational.
Control indicator w and the

corresponding message appears at

each ignition cycle until the tyres are

inflated to the correct tyre pressure.
Driver Information Centre 3 102.
Vehicle messages 3 103.

Puncture

A puncture or severely under-inflated

tyre is indicated by illumination of

control indicator w together with C

3

 98 and a corresponding message

appears in the Driver Information

Centre. Stop vehicle and switch off

engine.
Tyre pressure 3 220.
Tyre repair kit 3 191.
Spare wheel 3 195.
Wheel changing 3 194.

Relearn function

After a puncture has been repaired

and the driver has inflated the tyres to

the correct tyre pressure, the tyre

pressure monitoring system needs to

recalculate.
Tyre pressure 3 220.
Tyre repair kit 3 191.
During driving, select the tyre

pressure menu in the Driver

Information Centre by pressing button

on end of wiper lever. Press and hold

button for approx. five seconds to

initialise recalculation. A

corresponding message appears in

the Driver Information Centre.

Several minutes of driving at a speed

above 40 km/h may be required to

complete the relearn process. The

system can only provide limited

information during this time.
If problems occur during the relearn

process, control indicator w remains

illuminated and a warning message is

displayed in the Driver Information

Centre.
Driver Information Centre 3 102.
Vehicle messages 3 103.

General information

The use of tyre chains or

commercially available liquid tyre

repair kits can impair the function of

the system. Factory-approved tyre

repair kits can be used.
Tyre repair kit 3 191.
Tyre chains 3 191.
External high-power radio equipment

could disrupt the tyre pressure

monitoring system.
Each time the tyres are replaced, the

tyre pressure monitoring system

sensors must be dismounted and

serviced by a workshop.

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190

Vehicle care

Tread depth

Check tread depth at regular

intervals.
Tyres should be replaced for safety

reasons at a tread depth of two to

three mm (four mm for winter tyres).
For safety reasons it is recommended

that the tread depth of the tyres on

one axle should not vary by more than

two mm.

The legally permissible minimum

tread depth (1.6 mm) has been

reached when the tread has worn

down as far as one of the tread wear

indicators (TWI). Their position is

indicated by markings on the

sidewall.
Tyres age, even if they are not used.

We recommend tyre replacement

every six years.

Changing tyre and wheel

size

If tyres of a different size than those

fitted at the factory are used, it may be

necessary to reprogramme the

speedometer as well as the nominal

tyre pressure and make other vehicle

modifications.
After converting to a different tyre

size, have the label with tyre

pressures replaced.
Tyre pressure monitoring system

3

 188.

9 Warning

The use of unsuitable tyres or

wheels may lead to accidents and

will invalidate the vehicle

operating permit.

Wheel covers

Wheel covers and tyres that are

factory approved for the respective

vehicle and comply with all of the

relevant wheel and tyre combination

requirements must be used.
If the wheel covers and tyres used are

not factory approved, the tyres must

not have a rim protection ridge.
Wheel covers must not impair brake

cooling.

9 Warning

Use of unsuitable tyres or wheel

covers could lead to sudden

pressure loss and thereby

accidents.

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Vehicle care

191

Tyre chains

Tyre chains are only permitted on the

front wheels.
Always use fine mesh chains that add

no more than 15 mm to the tyre tread

and the inboard sides (including chain

lock).
For tyre size 215/60 R17, consult a

workshop.

9 Warning

Damage may lead to tyre blowout.

Wheel covers on steel wheels may

come into contact with parts of the

chains. In such cases, remove the

wheel covers.
Tyre chains may only be used at

speeds up to 50 km/h and, when

travelling on roads that are free of

snow, they may only be used for brief

periods since they are subject to rapid

wear on a hard road and may snap.
The use of tyre chains is not permitted

on the temporary spare wheel.

Tyre repair kit

Minor damage to the tyre tread or

sidewall can be repaired with the tyre

repair kit.
Do not remove foreign bodies from

the tyres.
Tyre damage exceeding four mm or

that is at tyre sidewall near the rim

cannot be repaired with the tyre repair

kit.

9 Warning

Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
Do not use for a lengthy period.
Steering and handling may be

affected.

If the vehicle has a flat tyre:
Apply the parking brake and engage

first gear or reverse gear.
The tyre repair kit is located under the

driver's seat. Vehicle tools 3 185.

1. Remove the compressor and

sealant bottle from the tyre repair

kit case.

2. Remove the electrical connection

cable and air hose from the

compartments on the underside

of the compressor.

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192

Vehicle care

3. Screw the air hose to the

connection on the sealant bottle.

4. Fit the sealant bottle into the

retainer on the compressor.
Set the compressor near the tyre

in such a way that the sealant

bottle is upright.

5. Unscrew valve cap from defective

tyre.

6. Screw the filler hose to the tyre

valve.

7. The switch on the compressor

must be set to O.

8. Connect the electrical connection

cable to the power outlet or

cigarette lighter socket.
To avoid discharging the vehicle

battery, we recommend running

the engine.

9. Set the rocker switch on the

compressor to I. The tyre is filled

with sealant.

10. The compressor pressure gauge

briefly indicates up to six bar

(600 kPa/87 psi). Then the

pressure starts to drop.

11. All of the sealant is pumped into

the tyre. Then the tyre is inflated.

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Vehicle care

193

12. The prescribed tyre pressure

should be obtained within

15 minutes. Tyre pressure

3

 220. When the correct pressure

is obtained, switch off the

compressor.
If the prescribed tyre pressure is

not obtained within 15 minutes,

remove the tyre repair kit. Move

the vehicle one tyre rotation

(approx. two metres). Reattach

the tyre repair kit and continue the

filling procedure for 15 minutes. If

the prescribed tyre pressure is still

not obtained, the tyre is too badly

damaged. Seek the assistance of

a workshop.

Drain excess tyre pressure with

the button beside the pressure

indicator.
Do not run the compressor for

longer than 15 minutes.

13. Detach the tyre repair kit.
14. Remove any excess sealant

using a cloth.

15. Take the label indicating

maximum permitted speed from

the tyre repair kit and affix in the

driver's field of view.

16. Store the sealant bottle in the

plastic bag. Return tyre repair kit

to case and stow under the

driver's seat.

17. Continue driving immediately so

that the sealant is evenly

distributed throughout the tyre.

After driving approx. ten km, but

no more than ten minutes, stop

and check tyre pressure using the

compressor. Screw air hose from

compressor directly onto tyre

valve when doing this.

18. If the tyre pressure is more than

2.2 bar (220 kPa/31 psi), set it to

the correct value. Repeat the

procedure until there is no more

loss of pressure.
If the tyre pressure has fallen

below 2.2 bar (220 kPa/31 psi),

the vehicle must not be driven.

Seek the assistance of a

workshop.

19. Detach the tyre repair kit, return to

case and stow under the driver's

seat.

9 Warning

Do not allow the sealant to contact

skin, eyes or clothing. If swallowed

seek medical assistance

immediately.

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194

Vehicle care

Note

The driving characteristics of the

repaired tyre is severely affected,

therefore have this tyre replaced.
If unusual noise is heard or the

compressor becomes hot, turn

compressor off for at least

30 minutes.
Pay attention to storage information

and expiry date on sealant bottle. Its

sealing capability is not guaranteed

after this time.
Replace the used sealant bottle.

Dispose of the sealant bottle as

prescribed by applicable laws.

Wheel changing

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare wheel

3

 191.

Make the following preparations and

observe the following information:

● Park the vehicle on a level, firm

and non-slippery surface. The

front wheels must be in the

straight-ahead position.

● Apply the parking brake and

engage first gear or reverse gear.

● Remove the spare wheel 3 195.
● Never change more than one

wheel at a time.

● Use the jack only to change

wheels in case of puncture, not

for a seasonal winter or summer

tyre change.

● The jack is maintenance-free.
● If the ground on which the vehicle

is standing is soft, a solid board

(max. 1 cm thick) should be

placed under the jack.

● Remove heavy objects out of the

vehicle before jacking up.

● No people or animals may be in

the vehicle when it is jacked-up.

● Never crawl under a jacked-up

vehicle.

● Do not start the engine when the

vehicle is raised on the jack.

● Clean wheel bolts / nuts and

thread with a clean cloth before

mounting the wheel.

9 Warning

Do not grease wheel bolt, wheel

nut and wheel nut cone.

1. Remove the wheel cover (using

the hook supplied).
Vehicle tools 3 185.

2. Loosen each of the wheel bolts by

half a turn using the wheel

wrench. Ensure the wrench is

securely located. The wrench

should turn anticlockwise to

loosen the bolts. Invert the wrench

if necessary.

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Vehicle care

195

3. Place lifting pad spigot of the jack

under the jacking hole located

nearest the wheel concerned.
Ensure the jack is positioned

correctly. The jack base must be

on the ground directly below the

jacking hole in a manner that

prevents it from slipping.

4. Install wrench onto the jack and

raise the vehicle by turning the

wrench until the wheel is clear of

the ground.

5. Unscrew wheel bolts completely

by turning anticlockwise and wipe

clean with a cloth.

Put wheel bolts somewhere

where the threads will not be

soiled.

6. Change the wheel. Spare wheel

3

 195.

7. Screw in the wheel bolts.
8. Lower the vehicle and remove

jack.

9. Tighten each of the wheel bolts in

a crosswise sequence using the

wheel wrench. Ensure the wrench

is securely located. The wrench

should turn clockwise to tighten

the bolts. Invert the wrench if

necessary.
Tightening torque is 160 Nm.

10. Replace the wheel cover,

ensuring that the valve hole in the

wheel cover is aligned with the

tyre valve before installing.

Note

If applicable, fit anti-theft bolts

nearest the tyre valve (otherwise it

may not be possible to refit the wheel

cover).

11. Stow the replaced wheel 3 195

and the vehicle tools 3 185.

12. Have the new wheel balanced on

the vehicle.
Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre 3 220.
Check the wheel bolt torque.

Have the defective tyre renewed or

repaired as soon as possible.

Spare wheel

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare wheel

3

 191.

If mounting a spare wheel which is

different from the other wheels, this

wheel might be classified as a

temporary spare wheel and the

corresponding speed limits apply,

even though no label indicates this.

Seek the assistance of a workshop to

check the applicable speed limit.

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196

Vehicle care

Caution

The use of a spare wheel that is

smaller than the other wheels or in

combination with winter tyres

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre replaced as soon as

possible.

It may be necessary to jack the

vehicle up to gain access to the spare

wheel on a fully loaded vehicle with a

flat rear tyre.
Wheel changing 3 194.

The spare wheel is mounted under

the rear underbody and may be

secured using a security bolt that can

only be removed using the wheel bolt

sleeve supplied.
Vehicle tools 3 185.

9 Warning

Due to the weight of the tyre

assembly, exercise caution when

releasing the spare wheel carrier.

Do not fully remove bolt 1.
Support the spare wheel with a

suitable object to prevent the

wheel falling suddenly when

loosening the carrier bolts - risk of

injury!

To release the spare wheel carrier,

fully remove bolt 2 then loosen bolt 1,

ensuring it is not fully removed. Then

move the spare wheel carrier up and

down and from side to side, until it

clears bolt 1, and lower the carrier

assembly.
When installing the wheel ensure that

the spare wheel carrier is correctly

positioned before tightening the bolts.

Summer and winter tyres

If you use winter tyres, the spare

wheel may still be fitted with a

summer tyre.
If you use the spare wheel when it is

fitted with a summer tyre the vehicle's

driveability may be affected,

especially on slippery road surfaces.

Directional tyres

Fit directional tyres such that they roll

in the direction of travel. The rolling

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.
The following applies to tyres fitted

opposing the rolling direction:

● Driveability may be affected.

Have the defective tyre renewed

or repaired as soon as possible

and fit it instead of the spare

wheel.

● Do not drive faster than 80 km/h.
● Drive particularly carefully on wet

and snow-covered road

surfaces.

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Vehicle care

197

Jump starting

Do not start with a quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged battery

can be started using jump leads and

the vehicle battery of another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact of the battery with

eyes, skin, fabrics and painted

surfaces. The fluid contains

sulphuric acid which can cause

injuries and damage in the event

of direct contact.

● Never expose the battery to

naked flames or sparks.

● A discharged vehicle battery can

already freeze at a temperature

of 0 °C. Defrost the frozen battery

before connecting jump leads.

● Wear eye protection and

protective clothing when

handling a battery.

● Use a booster battery with the

same voltage (12 V). Its capacity

(Ah) must not be much less than

that of the discharged battery.

● Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of

at least 16 mm

2

 (25 mm

2

 for

diesel engines).

● Do not disconnect the discharged

vehicle battery from the vehicle.

● Switch off all unnecessary

electrical consumers.

● Do not lean over the battery

during jump starting.

● Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

● The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during

the jump starting process.

● Apply the parking brake,

transmission in neutral.

● Open the positive terminal

protection caps of both batteries.

The battery is located in the engine

compartment.

Remove cover to access the battery.

Note

If present, the additional battery is

automatically connected to the main

vehicle battery only when the engine

is running. It does not need to be

manually disconnected before jump

starting the vehicle.
Vehicle battery 3 171.

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Vehicle care

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal (1) of the booster

battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal (2) of

the discharged vehicle battery.

3. Connect the black lead to the

negative terminal (3) of the

booster battery.

4. Connect the other end of the black

lead to a vehicle grounding point

(4), such as the engine block or an

engine mounting bolt. Connect as

far away from the discharged

vehicle battery as possible,

however at least 60 cm.

Route the leads so that they cannot

catch on rotating parts in the engine

compartment.
To start the engine:

1. Start the engine of the vehicle

providing the jump start.

2. After five minutes, start the other

engine. Start attempts should be

made for no longer than

15 seconds at an interval of

one minute.

3. Allow both engines to idle for

approx. three minutes with the

leads connected.

4. Switch on electrical consumers

(e.g. headlights, heated rear

window) of the vehicle receiving

the jump start.

5. Reverse above sequence exactly

when removing leads.

Towing

Towing the vehicle

The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 185.

Release cap using a suitable tool.
Screw the towing eye clockwise into

the front towing point and tighten fully

using the wheel wrench.
Attach a tow rope - or better still a tow

rod - to the towing eye, never to the

bumper or front suspension units.

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