Opel Astra Saloon (2014 year). Manual - part 13

 

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Opel Astra Saloon (2014 year). Manual - part 13

 

 

198

Vehicle care

3. Ensure the jack is positioned

correctly with the vehicle jacking

points.

4. Set the jack to the necessary

height before positioning it directly

below the jacking point in a

manner that prevents it from

slipping.
Attach jack handle and with the

jack correctly aligned rotate

handle until wheel is clear of the

ground.

5. Unscrew the wheel bolts.
6. Change the wheel.
7. Screw in the wheel bolts.

8. Lower vehicle.
9. Install the wheel wrench ensuring

that it locates securely and tighten

each bolt in a crosswise

sequence. Tightening torque is

110 Nm.

10. Align the valve hole in the wheel

cover with the tyre valve before

installing.
Install wheel nut caps.

11. Stow the replaced wheel 3 193

and the vehicle tools 3 187.

12. Check the tyre pressure of the

installed tyre and also the wheel

bolt torque as soon as possible.

Have the defective tyre renewed or

repaired.

Spare wheel

Some vehicles are equipped with a

tyre repair kit instead of a spare

wheel.

The spare wheel can be classified as

a temporary spare wheel depending

on the size compared to the other

mounted wheels and country

regulations.
The spare wheel has a steel rim.
Use of a spare wheel that is smaller

than the other wheels or together with

winter tyres could affect driveability.

Have the defective tyre replaced as

soon as possible.

The spare wheel is in the load

compartment beneath the floor

covering. It is secured in the recess

with a wing nut.

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Vehicle care

199

The spare wheel well is not designed

for all permitted tyre sizes. If a wheel

wider than the spare must be stowed

in the spare wheel well after changing

wheels, the floor cover can be placed

on the projecting wheel.
This must be taken into consideration

when the load compartment is being

loaded, particularly with the Astra

TwinTop 3 41.

Station wagon

Take adapter and hooks from the rails

in the load compartment walls. Raise

the rear lashing eyes and lift the floor

cover to the vertical position so that it

rests on the roof lining. When closing,

guide the lashing eyes through the

slots in the floor cover. Vehicles with

cargo box: removal 3 75.

TwinTop

Accessing the spare wheel when the

roof is open: Engage load

compartment cover on the rear

window frame and activate the

loading aid 3 77. Raise the floor cover

in the load compartment.

Temporary spare wheel

Use of the temporary spare wheel

could affect driveability. Have the

defective tyre renewed or repaired as

soon as possible.
Only mount one temporary spare

wheel. Do not drive faster than

80 km/h. Take curves slowly. Do not

use for a long period of time.
The use of the temporary spare wheel

on the rear axle is not permitted while

towing another vehicle. Therefore

mount the temporary spare wheel on

the front axle and a full-size tyre on

the rear axle.

Tyre chains 3 193.

Directional tyres

Fit directional tyres such that they roll

in the direction of travel. The rolling

direction is indicated by a symbol

(e.g. an arrow) on the sidewall.
The following applies to tyres fitted

opposing the rolling direction:

■ Driveability may be affected. Have

the defective tyre renewed or

repaired as soon as possible.

■ Drive particularly carefully on wet

and snow-covered road surfaces.

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200

Vehicle care

Jump starting

Do not start with quick charger.
A vehicle with a discharged battery

can be started using jump leads and

the battery of another vehicle.

9 Warning

Be extremely careful when starting

with jump leads. Any deviation

from the following instructions can

lead to injuries or damage caused

by battery explosion or damage to

the electrical systems of both

vehicles.

9 Warning

Avoid contact with eyes, skin,

fabrics, and painted surfaces. The

fluid contains sulphuric acid which

can cause injuries and damage in

the event of direct contact.

■ Never expose the battery to naked

flames or sparks.

■ A discharged battery can already

freeze at temperatures of 0 °C.

Defrost the frozen battery before

connecting jump leads.

■ Wear eye protection and protective

clothing when handling a battery.

■ Use a booster battery with the

same voltage (12 Volts). Its

capacity (Ah) must not be much

less than that of the discharged

battery.

■ Use jump leads with insulated

terminals and a cross section of at

least 16 mm

2

 (25 mm

2

 for diesel

engines).

■ Do not disconnect the discharged

battery from the vehicle.

■ Switch off all unnecessary electrical

consumers.

■ Do not lean over the battery during

jump starting.

■ Do not allow the terminals of one

lead to touch those of the other

lead.

■ The vehicles must not come into

contact with each other during the

jump starting process.

■ Apply the parking brake,

transmission in neutral, automatic

transmission in P.

Lead connection order:

1. Connect the red lead to the

positive terminal of the booster

battery.

2. Connect the other end of the red

lead to the positive terminal of the

discharged battery.

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Vehicle care

201

3. Connect the black lead to the

negative terminal of the booster

battery.

4. Connect the other end of the black

lead to a vehicle grounding point,

such as the engine block or an

engine mounting bolt. Connect as

far away from the discharged

battery as possible, however at

least 60 cm.

Route the leads so that they cannot

catch on rotating parts in the engine

compartment.
To start the engine:

1. Start the engine of the vehicle

providing the jump.

2. After 5 minutes, start the other

engine. Start attempts should be

made for no longer than

15 seconds at an interval of

1 minute.

3. Allow both engines to idle for

approx. 3 minutes with the leads

connected.

4. Switch on electrical consumers

(e.g. headlights, heated rear

window) of the vehicle receiving

the jump start.

5. Reverse above sequence exactly

when removing leads.

Towing

Towing the vehicle

Disengage the cover at the bottom

and remove downwards.
The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 187.

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202

Vehicle care

Screw in the towing eye as far as it will

go until it stops in a horizontal

position.
Attach a tow rope – or better still a tow

rod – to the towing eye.
The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not recovering the vehicle.
Switch on ignition to release steering

wheel lock and to permit operation of

brake lights, horn and windscreen

wiper.
Open&Start system 3 22.
Transmission in neutral.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

When the engine is not running,

considerably more force is needed to

brake and steer.
To prevent the entry of exhaust gases

from the towing vehicle, switch on the

air recirculation and close the

windows.
Vehicles with automatic transmission

must be towed facing forwards, not

faster than 80 km/h nor further than

100 km. In all other cases and when

the transmission is defective, the front

axle must be raised off the ground.
Seek the assistance of a workshop.
Manual transmission automated

3

 142.

After towing, unscrew the towing eye

and refit the cover.

Towing another vehicle

Disengage cap at bottom and remove

downwards.

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Vehicle care

203

For other models unclip locking tabs

downward and pull off the cover

upwards.
The towing eye is stowed with the

vehicle tools 3 187.

Screw in the towing eye as far as it will

go until it stops in a horizontal

position.
The lashing eye at the rear

underneath the vehicle must never be

used as a towing eye.
Attach a tow rope – or better still a tow

rod – to the towing eye.
The towing eye must only be used for

towing and not recovering a vehicle.

Caution

Drive slowly. Do not drive jerkily.

Excessive tractive force can

damage the vehicle.

After towing, unscrew the towing eye

and refit the cover.
Version with cover: install by inserting

the bottom lugs of the cover in the

bumper, folding and then press the

lugs at the top into place.

Appearance care

Exterior care

Locks

The locks are lubricated at the factory

using a high quality lock cylinder

grease. Use de-icing agent only when

absolutely necessary, as this has a

degreasing effect and impairs lock

function. After using a de-icing agent,

have the locks regreased by a

workshop.

Washing

The paintwork of your vehicle is

exposed to environmental influences.

Wash and wax your vehicle regularly.

When using automatic car washes,

select a programme that includes

waxing.
Bird droppings, dead insects, resin,

pollen and the like should be cleaned

off immediately, as they contain

aggressive constituents which can

cause paint damage.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

204

Vehicle care

If using a car wash, comply with the

car wash manufacturer's instructions.

The windscreen wipers and rear

window wiper must be switched off.

Remove antenna and external

accessories such as roof racks etc.
If you wash your vehicle by hand,

make sure that the insides of the

wheel housings are also thoroughly

rinsed out.
Clean edges and folds on opened

doors and the bonnet as well as the

areas they cover.

Caution

Always use a cleaning agent with

a pH value of 4 to 9.
Do not use cleaning agents on hot

surfaces.

Do not clean the engine compartment

with a steam-jet or high-pressure jet

cleaner.

Thoroughly rinse and leather-off the

vehicle. Rinse leather frequently. Use

separate leathers for painted and

glass surfaces: remnants of wax on

the windows will impair vision.
Do not use hard objects to remove

spots of tar. Use tar removal spray on

painted surfaces.

Exterior lights

Headlight and other light covers are

made of plastic. Do not use any

abrasive or caustic agents, do not use

an ice scraper, and do not clean them

dry.

Polishing and waxing

Wax the vehicle regularly (at the

latest when water no longer beads).

Otherwise, the paintwork will dry out.
Polishing is necessary only if the paint

has become dull or if solid deposits

have become attached to it.
Paintwork polish with silicone forms a

protective film, making waxing

unnecessary.
Plastic body parts must not be treated

with wax or polishing agents.

Windows and windscreen wiper

blades

Use a soft lint-free cloth or chamois

leather together with window cleaner

and insect remover.
When cleaning the rear window from

inside, always wipe in parallel to the

heating element to prevent damage.
For mechanical removal of ice, use a

sharp-edged ice scraper. Press the

scraper firmly against the glass so

that no dirt can get under it and

scratch the glass.
Clean smearing wiper blades with a

soft cloth and window cleaner.

Sun roof

Never clean with solvents or abrasive

agents, fuels, aggressive media

(e.g. paint cleaner, acetone-

containing solutions etc.), acidic or

highly alkaline media or abrasive

pads. Do not apply wax or polishing

agents to the middle part of the sun

roof.

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Vehicle care

205

Wheels and tyres

Do not use high-pressure jet

cleaners.
Clean rims with a pH-neutral wheel

cleaner.
Rims are painted and can be treated

with the same agents as the body.

Paintwork damage

Rectify minor paintwork damage with

a touch-up pen before rust forms.

Have more extensive damage or rust

areas repaired by a workshop.

Underbody

Some areas of the vehicle underbody

have a PVC undercoating while other

critical areas have a durable

protective wax coating.
After the underbody is washed, check

the underbody and have it waxed if

necessary.
Bitumen/rubber materials could

damage the PVC coating. Have

underbody work carried out by a

workshop.

Before and after winter, wash the

underbody and have the protective

wax coating checked.

Engine compartment

Areas of the engine compartment that

are painted in the same colour as the

vehicle must be looked after like any

other painted surface.
It is advisable to wash the engine

compartment before and after winter

and preserve it with wax. Protect the

alternator and brake fluid reservoir

with plastic sheets before washing

the engine.
When washing the engine with a

steam-jet cleaner, do not direct the

steam jet towards components of the

antilock brake system, air

conditioning system or the belt drive

and its components.
After an engine wash, have all engine

room components preserved

thoroughly by a workshop using

protective wax.
Do not use high-pressure jet

cleaners.

TwinTop

Clean all seals with a damp soft lint-

free cloth. Allow to dry completely.

Treat all seals, e.g. on the roof and

windscreen frame, with the special

maintenance kit (available from your

Opel Service Partner) from time to

time. Good contact between the fine

rubber lips and the sealing surfaces

prevents leaks and reduces clamping

forces.
Intermediate roof position for cleaning

3

 41.

Do not use high-pressure jet

cleaners.

Towing equipment

Do not clean the coupling ball bar with

a steam-jet or high-pressure jet

cleaner.

Interior care

Interior and upholstery

Only clean the vehicle interior,

including the instrument panel fascia

and panelling, with a dry cloth or

interior cleaner.

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206

Vehicle care

Clean the leather upholstery with

clear water and a soft cloth. In case of

heavy soiling, use leather care.
The instrument cluster and the

displays should only be cleaned using

a soft damp cloth. If necessary use a

weak soap solution.
Clean fabric upholstery with a

vacuum cleaner and brush. Remove

stains with an upholstery cleaner.
Clothing fabrics may not be

colourfast. This could cause visible

discolourations, especially on light-

coloured upholstery. Removable

stains and discolourations should be

cleaned as soon as possible.
Clean seat belts with lukewarm water

or interior cleaner.

Caution

Close Velcro fasteners as open

Velcro fasteners on clothing could

damage seat upholstery.
The same applies to clothing with

sharp-edged objects, e.g. zips,

belts or studded jeans.

Plastic and rubber parts

Plastic and rubber parts can be

cleaned with the same cleaner as

used to clean the body. Use interior

cleaner if necessary. Do not use any

other agent. Avoid solvents and petrol

in particular. Do not use high-

pressure jet cleaners.

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Service and maintenance

207

Service and

maintenance

General information ................... 207
Recommended fluids, lubricants

and parts .................................... 208

General information

Service information

In order to ensure economical and

safe vehicle operation and to

maintain the value of your vehicle, it

is of vital importance that all

maintenance work is carried out at the

proper intervals as specified.
The detailed, up-to-date service

schedule for your vehicle is available

at the workshop.
Service display 3 94.

European service intervals

Service is due every 30.000 km or

1 year, whichever occurs first.
The European schedule is valid for

the following countries:
Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-

Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,

Greece, Greenland, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia,

Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, United Kingdom.
Service display 3 94.

International service intervals

Service is due every 15.000 km or

1 year, whichever occurs first.
The international service intervals are

valid for the countries which are not

listed at the european service

intervals.
Service display 3 94.

Confirmations

Confirmation of service is recorded in

the Service and Warranty Booklet.

The date and mileage is completed

with the stamp and signature of the

servicing workshop.
Make sure that the Service and

Warranty Booklet is completed

correctly as continuous proof of

service is essential if any warranty or

goodwill claims are to be met, and is

also a benefit when selling the

vehicle.

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208

Service and maintenance

Fixed service interval

When service is due, InSP appears in

the service display for approx.

10 seconds when the ignition is

switched on. Have the next service

performed by a workshop within

one week or 500 km (whichever

occurs first).
Service display 3 94.

Flexible service interval

The service interval is based on

several parameters depending on

usage and is calculated using these

parameters.
If the remaining distance is less than

1500 km, InSP is displayed with a

remaining distance of 1000 km when

the ignition is switched on and off. If

less than 1000 km remain, InSP is

displayed for several seconds. Have

the next service performed by a

workshop within one week or

500 km (whichever occurs first).

Display of remaining distance:

1. Switch off ignition.
2. Briefly press the trip odometer

reset button. The odometer

reading is shown.

3. Press and hold the reset button for

about 2 seconds. InSP and the

remaining distance are displayed.

Service display 3 94.

Recommended fluids,

lubricants and parts

Recommended fluids and

lubricants

Only use products that meet the

recommended specifications.

Damage resulting from the use of

products not in line with these

specifiations will not be covered by

the warranty.

9 Warning

Operating materials are

hazardous and could be

poisonous. Handle with care. Pay

attention to information given on

the containers.

Engine oil

Engine oil is identified by its quality

and its viscosity. Quality is more

important than viscosity when

selecting which engine oil to use. The

oil quality ensures e.g. engine

cleanliness, wear protection and oil

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Service and maintenance

209

aging control, whereas viscosity

grade gives information on the oil's

thickness over a temperature range.
Dexos is the newest engine oil quality

that provides optimum protection for

gasoline and diesel engines. If it is

unavailable, engine oils of other listed

qualities have to be used.

Recommendations for gasoline

engines are also valid for

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG),

Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) and

Ethanol (E85) fuelled engines.
Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 213.

Topping up engine oil

Engine oils of different manufacturers

and brands can be mixed as long as

they comply with the required engine

oil quality and viscosity.
Use of engine oil with only

ACEA A1/B1 or only A5/B5 quality is

prohibited, since it can cause long-

term engine damage under certain

operating conditions.

Select the appropriate engine oil

based on its quality and on the

minimum ambient temperature

3

 213.

Additional engine oil additives

The use of additional engine oil

additives could cause damage and

invalidate the warranty.

Engine oil viscosity grades

The SAE viscosity grade gives

information of the thickness of the oil.
Multigrade oil is indicated by two

figures, e.g. SAE 5W-30. The first

figure, followed by a W, indicates the

low temperature viscosity and the

second figure the high temperature

viscosity.
Select the appropriate viscosity grade

depending on the minimum ambient

temperature 3 213.
All of the recommended viscosity

grades are suitable for high ambient

temperatures.

Coolant and antifreeze

Use only silicate-free long life coolant

(LLC) antifreeze.
The system is factory filled with

coolant designed for excellent

corrosion protection and frost

protection down to approx. -28 °C.

This concentration should be

maintained all year round. The use of

additional coolant additives that

intend to give additional corrosion

protection or seal against minor leaks

can cause function problems. Liability

for consequences resulting from the

use of additional coolant additives will

be rejected.

Brake and clutch fluid

Only use high-performance brake

fluid approved for the vehicle, consult

a workshop.
Over time, brake fluid absorbs

moisture which will reduce braking

effectiveness. The brake fluid should

therefore be replaced at the specified

interval.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

210

Service and maintenance

Brake fluid should be stored in a

sealed container to avoid water

absorption.
Ensure brake fluid does not become

contaminated.

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Technical data

211

Technical data

Vehicle identification .................. 211
Vehicle data ............................... 213

Vehicle identification

Vehicle Identification

Number

The Vehicle Identification Number is

stamped on the identification plate

and on the floor pan, under the floor

covering, visible under a cover.

The Vehicle Identification Number

may be embossed on the instrument

panel visible through the windscreen.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

212

Technical data

Identification plate

The identification plate is located on

the front right door frame.

Information on identification plate:
1 = Manufacturer

2 = Type approval number

3 = Vehicle Identification Number

4 = Permissible gross vehicle

weight rating in kg

5 = Permissible gross train weight

in kg

6 = Maximum permissible front axle

load in kg

7 = Maximum permissible rear axle

load in kg

8 = Vehicle-specific or country-

specific data

The combined total of front and rear

axle loads must not exceed the

permissible gross vehicle weight. For

example, if the front axle is bearing its

maximum permissible load, the rear

axle can only bear a load that is equal

to the gross vehicle weight minus the

front axle load.
The technical data is determined in

accordance with European

Community standards. We reserve

the right to make modifications.

Specifications in the vehicle

documents always have priority over

those given in this manual.

Engine identification

The technical data tables show the

engine identifier code. Engine data

3

 216.

To identify the respective engine,

refer to the engine power in the EEC

Certificate of Conformity provided

with your vehicle or other national

registration documents.

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Technical data

213

Vehicle data

Recommended fluids and lubricants

European service schedule

Required engine oil quality

All European countries

(except Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Serbia, Turkey)

Only Israel

Engine oil quality

Petrol engines

(including CNG, LPG, E85)

Diesel engines

Petrol engines

(including CNG, LPG, E85)

Diesel engines

dexos 1

dexos 2

In case dexos quality is unavailable you may use max. 1 litre engine oil quality ACEA C3 once between each oil change.

Engine oil viscosity grades

All European countries and Israel
(except Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Serbia, Turkey)

Ambient temperature

Petrol and diesel engines

down to -25 °C

SAE 5W-30 or SAE 5W-40

below -25 °C

SAE 0W-30 or SAE 0W-40

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