Mazda Protege (2003 year). Instruction - part 12

 

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Mazda Protege (2003 year). Instruction - part 12

 

 

7-6

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

To remove the spare tire

Turn the tire hold-down bolt 
counterclockwise with the lug wrench.

Driving with a Temporary Spare Tire 
on Ice or Snow:
Driving with a spare tire on the front 
(driving) wheels on ice or snow is 
dangerous. Handling will be affected. 
You could lose control of the vehicle 
and have an accident. Put the spare 
tire on the rear axle and move a 
regular tire to the front.

To avoid damage to the temporary 
spare or to the vehicle, observe the 
following precautions:
• Don’t exceed 80 km/h (50 mph).
• Avoid driving over obstacles. 

Also, don’t drive through an 
automatic car wash. This tire’s 
diameter is smaller than a 
conventional tire’s, so the ground 
clearance is reduced about 25 mm 
(1 in).

• Don’t use a tire chain on this tire 

because it won’t fit properly.

• Don’t use your temporary spare on 

any other vehicle; it has been 
designed only for your Mazda.

• Use only one temporary spare tire 

on your vehicle at the same time.

WARNING

CAUTION

Lug wrench

Bolt

Tire clamp

Except MAZDASPEED Protege 

Bolt

Tire clamp

MAZDASPEED Protege 

7-7

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

If you have a flat tire, drive slowly to a 
level spot that is well off the road and out 
of the way of traffic to change the tire.
Stopping in traffic or on the shoulder of a 
busy road is dangerous.

1. Park on a level surface off the right-of-

way and firmly set the parking brake.

2. Put a vehicle with an automatic 

transaxle in Park (P), a manual 
transaxle in Reverse (R) or 1, and turn 
off the engine.

3. Turn on the hazard warning flasher.

4. Have everyone get out of the vehicle 

and away from the vehicle and traffic.

5. Remove the jack, tool, and spare tire 

(page 7-3).

6. Block the wheel diagonally opposite 

the flat tire. When blocking a front 
wheel, place the block both in front and 
behind the tire. When blocking a rear 
wheel, place the block both in front and 
behind the tire.

Changing a Flat Tire

NOTE

If the following occurs while driving, it 
could indicate a flat tire.

• Steering becomes difficult.
• The vehicle begins to vibrate 

excessively.

• The vehicle pulls in one direction.

Jacking a Vehicle:
Changing a tire is dangerous if not 
done properly. The vehicle can slip off 
the jack and seriously injure 
someone.
Be sure to follow the directions for 
changing a tire, and never get under a 
vehicle that is supported only by a 
jack.

Passenger in Vehicle Supported by a 
Jack:
Allowing someone to remain in a 
vehicle supported by a jack is 
dangerous. The occupant could cause 
the vehicle to fall resulting in serious 
injury. Never allow anyone inside a 
vehicle supported by a jack.

WARNING

NOTE

Make sure the jack is well lubricated 
before using it.

7-8

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

▼ Removing a Flat Tire

1. Pry off the wheel cover with the 

beveled end of the lug wrench.

2. Loosen the lug nuts by turning them 

counterclockwise one turn each, but 
don’t remove any until the tire has been 
raised off the ground.

3. Place the jack under the jacking 

position closest to the tire being 
changed.

NOTE

Force the end of the wrench firmly 
between wheel and cover, or removal 
will be difficult.

Align the notch on the wheel cover 
with the valve stem when installing it.

Damage could occur during 
installation if the wheel cover  is not 
properly aligned.

Wheel cover

Lug wrench

CAUTION

Tire valve

Notch

Jacking position

7-9

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

4. Insert the jack handle into the jack.

5. Turn the jack handle clockwise and 

raise the vehicle high enough so that 
the spare tire can be installed. Before 
removing the lug nuts, make sure your 
Mazda is firmly in position and that it 
cannot slip or move.

6. Remove the lug nuts by turning them 

counterclockwise; then remove the 
wheel.

Incorrect Jacking Position:
Attempting to jack the vehicle in 
positions other than those 
recommended in this manual is 
dangerous. The vehicle could slip off 
the jack and seriously injure or even 
kill someone. Use only the front and 
rear jacking positions recommended 
in this manual.

Improper Jack:
Using a jack that isn’t designed for 
your Mazda is dangerous. The vehicle 
could slip off the jack and seriously 
injure someone. Use only the jack 
provided with your Mazda.

Placing Objects Under the Jack:
Jacking the vehicle with an object 
under the jack is dangerous. The jack 
could slip and someone could be 
seriously injured by the jack or the 
falling vehicle. Never place objects 
under the jack.

WARNING

Jack handle

7-10

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

▼ Locking Lug Nuts

If your vehicle has optional antitheft 
wheel lug nuts, one on each wheel will 
lock the tires and you must use a special 
key to unlock them. This key is attached 
to the lug wrench and is stored with the 
spare tire. Register them with the lock 
manufacturer by filling out the card 
provided in the glove box and mailing it in 
the accompanying envelope. If you lose 
your key, consult an Authorized Mazda 
Dealer or use the lock manufacturer’s 
order form, which is with the registration 
card.

To remove an antitheft lug nut

1. Get the key for the locking lug nut.

2. Place it on top of the nut, and be sure to 

hold the key square to it. If you hold 
the key at an angle, you may damage 
both key and nut. Don’t use a power 
impact wrench.

3. Place the lug wrench on top of the key 

and apply pressure. Turn the wrench 
counterclockwise.

To replace the nut

1. Place the key on top of the nut.

2. Place the lug wrench on top of the key, 

apply pressure, and turn it clockwise.

▼ Mounting the Spare Tire

1. Remove dirt and grime from the 

mounting surfaces of the wheel and 
hub, including the hub bolts, with a 
cloth.

2. Mount the spare tire.

Antitheft lug nut

Special key

Removing Dirt and Grime from 
Wheels, Hubs and Hub Bolts:
When changing or replacing a tire, 
not removing dirt and grime from the 
mounting surfaces of the wheel, hub 
and hub bolts is dangerous. The lug 
nuts could loosen while driving and 
cause the tire to come off, resulting in 
an accident. Make sure the mounting 
surfaces of the wheel, hub and lug 
nuts are clean before changing or 
replacing tires.

WARNING

7-11

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

3. Install the lug nuts with the beveled 

edge inward; tighten them by hand.

4. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise 

and lower the vehicle. Use the lug 
wrench to tighten the nuts in the order 
shown.

If you’re unsure of how tight the nuts 
should be, have them inspected at a 
service station.

Nut tightening torque:

Applying Oil and Grease to Lug Nuts,  
Bolts:
Applying oil or grease to lug nuts and 
bolts is dangerous. The lug nuts could 
loosen while driving and cause the 
tire to come off, resulting in an 
accident. In addition, lug nuts and 
bolts could be damaged if tightened 
more than necessary. Do not apply oil 
or grease to lug nuts and bolts and do 
not tighten the lug nuts beyond the 
recommended tightening torque.

WARNING

N·m (kgf·m, ft·lbf) 90—120 (9—12, 65—87) 

4-nut models

5-nut models

7-12

In Case of an Emergency

Flat Tire

5. Store the damaged tire, using the 

conventional tire hold-down bolt 
supplied in the tool bag to hold it in 
place. Have the damaged tire repaired 
as soon as possible.

Loose Lug Nuts:
Improperly or loosely tightened lug 
nuts are dangerous. The wheel could 
wobble or come off. This could result 
in loss of vehicle control and cause a 
serious accident. Always securely and 
correctly tighten the lug nuts.

Metric Studs and Lug Nuts:
Because the wheel studs and lug nuts 
on your Mazda have metric threads, 
using a non-metric nut is dangerous. 
On a metric stud, it would not secure 
the wheel and would damage the stud, 
which could cause the wheel to slip 
off and cause an accident. Be sure to 
reinstall the same nuts you removed 
or replace them with metric nuts of 
the same configuration.

Incorrect Tire Air Pressure:
Driving on tires with incorrect air 
pressure is dangerous. Tires with 
incorrect pressure could affect 
handling and result in an accident.
Don’t drive with any tires that have 
incorrect air pressure. When you 
check the regular tires’ air pressure, 
check the spare tire, too.

WARNING

NOTE

To prevent the jack and tool from 
rattling, store them properly.

Tire clamp

Conventional tire
hold-down bolt

7-13

In Case of an Emergency

Overheating

If the temperature gauge indicates 
overheating, the vehicle loses power, or 
you hear a loud knocking or pinging 
noise, the engine is probably too hot.

If this happens:

1. Drive safely to the side of the road and 

park off the right-of-way.

2. Put a vehicle with an automatic 

transaxle in park (P), a manual 
transaxle in neutral.
Apply the parking brake.

3. Turn off the air conditioner.

4. Check whether coolant or steam is 

escaping from under the hood or from 
the engine compartment.

If steam is coming from the engine 
compartment:
 
Don’t go near the front of the vehicle. 
Stop the engine. Then turn the ignition 
switch to the ON position without 
starting the engine.
The radiator cooling fans will start to 
cool the engine.

If neither coolant nor steam is 
escaping: 
Open the hood and idle the engine until 
it cools. If this doesn’t lower the 
temperature, stop the engine and let it 
cool.

5. Check the coolant level.

If it’s low, look for leaks in the radiator 
hoses and connections, heater hoses 
and connections, radiator, and water 
pump.
If you find a leak or other damage, or if 
coolant is still leaking, stop the engine 
and call an Authorized Mazda Dealer.

If you find no problems, the engine is 
cool, and no leaks are obvious, carefully 
add coolant as required (page 8-12).

Overheating

Steam from Overheated Engine:
Steam from an overheated engine is 
dangerous. The escaping steam could 
seriously burn you. Open the hood 
ONLY after steam is no longer 
escaping from the engine.

WARNING

Cooling system cap

Engine coolant 
reservoir

7-14

In Case of an Emergency

Overheating

Cooling System Caps:
When the engine and radiator are 
hot, scalding coolant and steam may 
shoot out under pressure and cause 
serious injury. Don’t remove either 
cooling system cap when the engine 
and radiator are hot.

If the engine continues to overheat or 
frequently overheats, have the cooling 
system inspected. The engine could be 
seriously damaged unless repairs are 
made.

WARNING

CAUTION

7-15

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Starting

If the engine fails to start, it may be 
flooded (excessive fuel in the engine).

Follow this procedure:

1. Depress the accelerator all the way and 

hold it there.

2. Turn the ignition switch to the START 

position and hold it there—for up to 10 
seconds. If the engine starts, release the 
key and accelerator immediately 
because the engine will suddenly rev 
up.

3. If the engine fails to start, crank it 

without using the accelerator—for up 
to 10 seconds.

Jump-starting is dangerous if done 
incorrectly. So follow the procedure 
carefully. If you feel unsure about jump-
starting, we strongly recommend that you 
have a competent service technician do 
the work.

Starting a Flooded Engine

Jump-Starting

Battery-Related Explosion:
Flames and sparks near open battery 
cells are dangerous. Hydrogen gas, 
produced during normal battery 
operation, could ignite and cause the 
battery to explode. An exploding 
battery can cause serious burns and 
injuries. Keep all flames, including 
cigarettes, and sparks away from 
open battery cells.

Low Fluid Level or Frozen Battery:
Jump-starting a frozen battery or one 
with a low fluid level is dangerous. It 
may rupture or explode, causing 
serious injury.
Don’t jump-start a frozen battery or 
one with a low fluid level.

Use only a 12 V booster system. You 
can damage a 12 V starter, ignition 
system, and other electrical parts 
beyond repair with a 24 V power 
supply (two 12 V batteries in series or 
a 24 V motor generator set).

WARNING

CAUTION

7-16

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Starting

1. Make sure the booster battery is 12 V 

and that its negative terminal is 
grounded.

2. If the booster battery is in another 

vehicle, don’t allow the vehicles to 
touch. Turn off the engine of the 
vehicle with the booster battery and all 
unnecessary electrical loads in both 
vehicles.

3. Connect the jumper cables in the exact 

sequence as in the illustration.

• Connect one end of a cable to the 

positive terminal on the discharged 
battery (1).

• Attach the other end to the positive 

terminal on the booster battery (2).

• Connect one end of the other cable 

to the negative terminal of the 
booster battery (3).

• Connect the other end to a solid, 

stationary, exposed metallic point 
(for example, the engine hanger) 
away from the discharged battery 
(4).

4. Start the engine of the booster vehicle 

and run it a few minutes. Then start the 
engine of the other vehicle.

5. When finished, carefully disconnect 

the cables in the reverse order 
described in Step 3.

Booster battery

Discharged 
battery

Jumper
cables

Connect cables in 
numerical order and 
disconnect in reverse order.

Connecting to Negative Terminal:
Connecting the end of the second 
cable to the negative ( ) terminal of 
the discharged battery is dangerous.
A spark could cause the gas around 
the battery to explode and injure 
someone. Connect the cable to a point 
away from the battery.

Connecting Jumper Cable to a 
Moving Part:
Connecting a jumper cable near or to 
a moving parts (cooling fans, belts) is 
dangerous. The cable could get 
caught when the engine starts and 
cause serious injury. Never connect a 
jumper cable to or near any part that 
moves.

WARNING

7-17

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Starting

You can’t start a vehicle with an automatic 
transaxle by pushing it.

Push-Starting

Towing a Vehicle to Start It:
Towing a vehicle to start it is 
dangerous. The vehicle being towed 
could surge forward when its engine 
starts, causing the two vehicles to 
collide. The occupants could be 
injured. Never tow a vehicle to start it.

You shouldn’t push-start a vehicle that 
has a manual transaxle. It can damage 
the emission control system.

WARNING

CAUTION

7-18

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Towing

We recommend that towing be done only 
by an Authorized Mazda Dealer or a 
commercial tow-truck service.

Proper lifting and towing are necessary to 
prevent damage to the vehicle. 
Government and local laws must be 
followed.

A towed vehicle usually should have its 
front wheels off the ground. If excessive 
damage or other conditions prevent this, 
use wheel dollies.

When towing with the rear wheels on the 
ground, release the parking brake.

Towing Description

Wheel dollies

Don’t tow the vehicle pointed 
backward with driving wheels on the 
ground. This may cause internal 
damage to the transaxle.

Don’t tow with sling-type equipment. 
This could damage your vehicle. Use 
wheel-lift or flatbed equipment.

CAUTION

CAUTION

7-19

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Towing

▼ Towing Hook-Rear

▼ Tiedown Hooks-Front

Towing/Tiedown Hooks

• The towing hook should be used 

only in an emergency (to get the 
vehicle out of a ditch or a snow 
bank, for example).

• When using the towing hook, 

always pull the cable or chain in a 
straight direction with respect to the 
hook. Apply no sideways force.

• Don’t use the tiedown hooks under 

the front and rear for towing.
They are designed ONLY for tying 
down the vehicle when it’s being 
transported. Using them for towing 
will damage the bumper.

CAUTION

Sedan

Hatchback

7-20

In Case of an Emergency

Emergency Towing

▼ Tiedown Hooks-Rear

An example of “ recreational towing ” is 
towing your vehicle behind a motorhome.
The transaxle is not designed for towing 
this vehicle on all 4 wheels.
When doing recreational towing refer to 
“ Towing Description ” (page 7-18) and 
“ Towing/Tiedown Hooks ” (page 7-19) 
and carefully follow the instructions.

Sedan

Hatchback

Recreational Towing

8-1

8

Maintenance and Care

How to keep your Mazda in top condition.

Introduction  ................................................................................... 8-2

Introduction ............................................................................... 8-2

Scheduled Maintenance  ................................................................ 8-3

Scheduled Maintenance ............................................................. 8-3

Owner Maintenance ...................................................................... 8-6

Owner Maintenance Schedule ................................................... 8-6
Owner Maintenance Precautions ............................................... 8-7
Engine Compartment Overview  ................................................ 8-8
Engine Oil .................................................................................. 8-9
Engine Coolant  ........................................................................ 8-12
Brake/Clutch Fluid  .................................................................. 8-14
Power Steering Fluid  ............................................................... 8-16
Automatic Transaxle Fluid (ATF)  ........................................... 8-16
Washer Fluid ............................................................................ 8-18
Body Lubrication ..................................................................... 8-19
Air Filter  .................................................................................. 8-19
Wiper Blades  ........................................................................... 8-20
Battery ..................................................................................... 8-23
Tires ......................................................................................... 8-24
Light Bulbs  .............................................................................. 8-29
Fuses ........................................................................................ 8-38

Appearance Care ......................................................................... 8-42

How to Minimize Environmental Paint Damage ..................... 8-42
Exterior Care  ........................................................................... 8-44
Interior Care  ............................................................................ 8-47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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