Mazda Protege (2003 year). Instruction - part 6

 

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Mazda Protege (2003 year). Instruction - part 6

 

 

4-4

Before Driving Your Mazda

Fuel and Engine Exhaust Precautions

Engine Exhaust (Carbon Monoxide) 

Carbon Monoxide:
Engine exhaust gas is dangerous. This gas contains carbon monoxide (CO), which is 
colorless, odorless, and poisonous. When inhaled, it can cause loss of consciousness 
and death. If you smell exhaust gas inside your vehicle, keep all windows fully open 
and contact an Authorized Mazda Dealer immediately.

Exhaust Gas in Enclosed Area:
Running the engine inside an enclosed area, such as a garage, is dangerous. Exhaust 
gas, which contains poisonous carbon monoxide, could easily enter the cabin. Loss of 
consciousness or even death could occur. Don’t run the engine when inside an 
enclosed area.

Idling with the Windows Closed:
Exhaust gas is dangerous. When your vehicle is stopped with the windows closed and 
the engine running for a long time in an open area, exhaust gas, which contains 
poisonous carbon monoxide, could enter the cabin. Loss of consciousness or even 
death could occur. Open the windows or adjust the heating or cooling system to draw 
fresh air.

Snow Blocking the Exhaust Gas:
Running the engine when a vehicle is stopped in deep snow is dangerous. The exhaust 
pipe could be blocked by the snow, allowing exhaust gas to enter the cabin. Because 
exhaust gas contains poisonous carbon monoxide, anyone in the cabin could be 
injured or killed. Clear the snow from underneath and around your vehicle before 
starting the engine.

WARNING

4-5

Before Driving Your Mazda

Before Starting the Engine

• Be sure the windows, outside mirror 

(s), and outside lights are clean.

• Inspect inflation pressures and 

condition of tires.

• Look under the vehicle for any sign of 

a leak.

• If you plan to back up, make sure 

nothing will be in your way.

• Are all doors closed and locked?
• Are the inside and outside mirrors 

adjusted?

• Is everyone’s seat belt fastened?
• Do all the lights work?
• Check all gauges.
• Check all warning lights when the 

ignition switch is turned to the ON 
position.

• Release the parking brake and make 

sure the parking brake warning light 
goes off.

Always be thoroughly familiar with your 
Mazda.

Before Getting In

NOTE

Engine oil, engine coolant, brake/
clutch fluid, washer fluid, and other 
fluid levels should be inspected daily, 
weekly, or at refueling, depending on 
the fluid. See Maintenance, Section 8.

After Getting In

4-6

Before Driving Your Mazda

Driving Tips

No special break-in is necessary, but a few 
precautions in the first 1,000 km (600 
miles) may add to the performance, 
economy, and life of your Mazda.
• Don’t race the engine.
• Don’t maintain one constant speed for 

long.

• Don’t drive constantly at full-throttle or 

high engine rpm for extended periods 
of time.

• Avoid unnecessary hard stops.
• Avoid full-throttle starts.

How you operate your Mazda determines 
how far it will travel on a tank of fuel. Use 
these suggestions to help save money on 
fuel and repairs.
• Avoid long warm-ups. Once the engine 

runs smoothly, begin driving.

• Avoid fast starts.
• Keep the engine tuned. Follow the 

maintenance schedule (page 8-3) and 
have an Authorized Mazda Dealer 
perform inspections and servicing.

• Use the air conditioner only when 

necessary.

• Slow down on rough roads.
• Keep the tires properly inflated.
• Don’t carry unnecessary weight.
• Don’t rest your foot on the brake pedal 

while driving.

• Keep the wheels in correct alignment.
• Keep windows closed at high speeds.
• Slow down when driving in crosswinds 

and headwinds.

Break-In Period

Money-Saving Suggestions

Coasting:
Turning off the engine to coast down 
a hill is dangerous. This causes the 
loss of power steering and power 
brake control. Any loss of steering or 
braking control could cause an 
accident. Never turn off the engine 
and coast down a hill.

WARNING

4-7

Before Driving Your Mazda

Driving Tips

When driving on ice or in water, snow, 
mud, sand, or similar hazard:
• Be cautious and allow extra distance 

for braking.

• Avoid sudden braking and quick 

steering.

• If your vehicle is not equipped with 

ABS, brake with the pedal by using a 
light up-down motion. Don’t hold the 
pedal down constantly.
If your vehicle is equipped with ABS, 
don’t pump the brakes. Continue to 
press down on the brake pedal.

• If you get stuck, shift to 1 or 2 and 

accelerate slowly. Don’t spin the front 
wheels.

• For more traction in starting, use sand, 

rock salt, chains, carpeting, or other 
nonslip material under the front 
wheels.

If you must rock the vehicle to free it from 
snow, sand, or mud, depress the 
accelerator slightly and slowly move the 
shift lever from 1 (D) to R.

Hazardous Driving

Downshifting on Slippery Surfaces:
Downshifting into lower gear while 
driving on slippery surfaces is 
dangerous. The sudden change in tire 
speed could cause the tires to skid. 
This could lead to loss of vehicle 
control and an accident. If it is 
necessary to downshift on slippery 
surfaces, be very careful.

NOTE

Use snow chains only on the front 
wheels.

WARNING

Rocking the Vehicle

Spinning the Wheels:
When the vehicle is stuck, spinning 
the wheels at high speed is dangerous. 
The spinning tire could overheat and 
explode. This could cause serious 
injuries. Don’t spin the wheels at 
more than 56 km/h (35 mph), and 
don’t allow anyone to stand behind a 
wheel when pushing the vehicle.

Too much rocking may cause engine 
overheating, transaxle failure, and tire 
damage.

WARNING

CAUTION

4-8

Before Driving Your Mazda

Driving Tips

• Carry emergency gear, including tire 

chains, window scraper, flares, a small 
shovel, jumper cables, and a small bag 
of sand or salt.

Ask a Mazda dealer to perform the 
following precautions:
• Have the proper ratio of antifreeze in 

the radiator.

• Inspect the battery and its cables. Cold 

reduces battery capacity.

• Use only cold-weather engine oil 

(page 8-9).

• Inspect the ignition system for damage 

and loose connections.

• Use washer fluid made with 

antifreeze—but don’t use engine 
coolant antifreeze for washer fluid 
(page 8-18).

• Don’t use the parking brake in freezing 

weather as the parking brake may 
freeze. Instead, shift to P with an 
automatic transaxle and to 1 or R with 
a manual transaxle. Block the rear 
wheels.

▼ Snow Tires

Use snow tires on all four wheels

Your vehicle is originally equipped with 
all season radials designed to be used all 
year around. In some extreme climates 
you may find it necessary to replace them 
with snow tires during the winter months 
to further improve traction on snow and 
ice covered roads.
Don’t go faster than 120 km/h (75 mph). 
Inflate snow tires 30 kPa (0.3 kgf/cm

2

, 4.3 

psi) more than recommended on the tire 
pressure label (driver’s door), but never 
more than the maximum cold-tire 
pressure shown on the tires.

Winter Driving

Mixing Tire Types:
Using tires different in size or type is 
dangerous. Your vehicle’s handling 
could be greatly affected and result in 
an accident. Use only the same size 
and type tires (snow, radial, or non-
radial) on all four wheels.

Check local regulations before using 
studded tires.

WARNING

CAUTION

4-9

Before Driving Your Mazda

Driving Tips

▼ Tire Chains

Check local regulations before using tire 
chains.
Install the chains on the front tires.
Don’t use chains on the rear tires.
Use only SAE Class "S" chains, and make 
sure they fit.

Installing the chains

1. Remove the wheel covers, or the chain 

bands will scratch them.

2. Secure the chains on the front tires as 

tightly as possible. Always follow the 
chain manufacturer’s instructions.

3. Retighten the chains after driving 

1/2—1 km (1/4—1/2 mile).

• Chains may scratch or chip 

aluminum wheels. Install tire chains 
on steel wheels only.

• Chains may affect handling.
• Don’t go faster than 50 km/h (30 

mph) or the chain manufacturer’s 
recommended limit, whichever is 
lower.

• Drive carefully and avoid bumps, 

holes, and sharp turns.

• Avoid locked-wheel braking.
• Don’t use chains on the temporary 

tire; it may result in damage to the 
vehicle and to the tire.

• Don’t use chains on roads that are 

free of snow or ice. The tires and 
chains could be damaged.

NOTE

(MAZDASPEED Protegé) 
Use of tire chains on a vehicle 
equipped with 215/45ZR17 
specification tires and rim could cause 
interference with the vehicle body and 
scratching. If tire chains are to be used, 
replace both front and rear tires with 
P195/50R16 tires. Please consult an 
Authorized Mazda Dealer.

CAUTION

4-10

Before Driving Your Mazda

Driving Tips

Driving In Flooded Area

Driving with Wet Brakes:
Driving with wet brakes is dangerous. 
Increased stopping distance or the 
vehicle pulling to one side when 
braking could result in a serious 
accident. Light braking will indicate 
whether the brakes have been 
affected. Dry the brakes by driving 
very slowly and applying the brakes 
lightly until brake performance 
returns to normal.

Make sure water does not enter the 
vehicle interior or the engine area. The 
vehicle interior could become wet or 
the engine could be damaged.

WARNING

CAUTION

Overloading

Vehicle Load Weight:
The gross axle weight rating (GAWR) 
and the gross vehicle weight rating 
(GVWR) of your vehicle are on the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard Label 
on the driver’s door frame. Exceeding 
these ratings can cause an accident or 
vehicle damage. You can estimate the 
weight of your load by weighing the 
items (or people) before putting them 
in the vehicle. Be careful not to 
overload your vehicle.

WARNING

4-11

Before Driving Your Mazda

Towing

Never tow a trailer with your Mazda.

Trailer Towing

4-12

5-1

5

Driving Your Mazda

Explanation of instruments and controls.

Starting and Driving  ..................................................................... 5-2

Ignition Switch  .......................................................................... 5-2
Starting the Engine  .................................................................... 5-3
Brake System ............................................................................. 5-4
Manual Transaxle Operation  ..................................................... 5-8
Automatic Transaxle Controls ................................................... 5-9
Automatic Transaxle Controls (Sport AT) ............................... 5-13
Power Steering ......................................................................... 5-18
Cruise Control  ......................................................................... 5-19

Instrument Cluster and Indicators ............................................ 5-23

Meters and Gauges  .................................................................. 5-23

Warning/Indicator Lights and Beeps  ........................................ 5-27

Warning/Indicator Lights ......................................................... 5-27
Beeps ....................................................................................... 5-35

Switches and Controls ................................................................. 5-36

Lighting Control  ...................................................................... 5-36
Turn and Lane-Change Signals  ............................................... 5-37
Fog Lights ................................................................................ 5-37
Daytime Running Lights  ......................................................... 5-38
Windshield Wipers and Washer ............................................... 5-38
Rear Window Wiper and Washer (Hatchback) ........................ 5-40
Rear Window Defroster ........................................................... 5-40
Horn ......................................................................................... 5-41
Hazard Warning Flasher  .......................................................... 5-41

5-2

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

▼ Ignition Switch Positions

LOCK

The steering wheel locks to protect 
against theft. Only in this position can the 
key be removed.

Manual transaxle

When turning the ignition switch to the 
LOCK position, push the key in at the 
ACC position.

Automatic transaxle

When turning the ignition switch to the 
LOCK position, keep the shift lever in P.

Ignition Switch

LOCK

Push the key

ACC

ON

Removing the Key:
It’s dangerous to remove the key from 
the ignition switch while the vehicle is 
moving. Removing the key allows the 
steering wheel to lock. You will lose 
steering control and a serious 
accident could occur.
Remove the key only when the vehicle 
is parked.

Not Setting the Parking Brake:
Leaving the driver’s seat without 
setting the parking brake is 
dangerous. Unexpected vehicle 
movement could occur if the parking 
brake is not set. This could cause an 
accident. Before leaving the driver’s 
seat, always set the parking brake and 
make sure the shift lever is in P with 
an automatic transaxle or in 1 or R 
with a manual transaxle.

LOCK

Shift lever
engaged in P
(park)

ACC

ON

WARNING

5-3

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

ACC (Accessory)

The steering wheel unlocks and some 
electrical accessories will operate.

ON

This is the normal running position after 
the engine is started. The warning lights 
(except brakes) should be inspected 
before the engine is started (page 5-27).

START

The engine is started in this position. It 
will crank until you release the key; then 
it returns to the ON position. The brake 
warning light can be checked after the 
engine is started (page 5-27).

▼ Ignition Key Reminder

If the ignition switch is in the LOCK or 
ACC position, a beep will sound when 
any door is opened.

1. Occupants should fasten their seat 

belts.

2. Make sure the parking brake is on.

3. Depress the brake pedal.

4.  (Manual transaxle) 

Depress the clutch pedal all the way 
and shift into neutral.
Keep the pedal depressed while 
cranking the engine.

 (Automatic transaxle) 
Put the vehicle in park (P). If you must 
restart the engine while the vehicle is 
moving, shift into neutral (N).

NOTE

If turning the key is difficult, jiggle the 
steering wheel from side to side.

Starting the Engine

NOTE

Engine-starting is controlled by the 
spark ignition system.
This system meets all Canadian 
Interference-Causing Equipment 
Standard requirements regulating the 
impulse electrical field strength of 
radio noise.

NOTE

The starter will not operate if the 
clutch pedal is not pushed down all the 
way.

NOTE

The starter will not operate if the shift 
lever is not in P or N.

5-4

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

5. Turn the ignition switch to the START 

position and hold (up to 10 seconds at a 
time) until the engine starts.

6. After starting the engine, let it idle for 

about 10 seconds.

▼ Foot Brake

Your Mazda has power-assisted brakes 
that adjust automatically through normal 
use.

Should power-assist fail, you can stop by 
applying greater force than normal to the 
brake pedal. But the distance required to 
stop will be greater than usual.

Don’t try the starter for more than 10 
seconds at a time. If the engine stalls or 
fails to start, wait 10 seconds before 
trying again. Otherwise, you may 
damage the starter and drain the 
battery.

NOTE

• In extremely cold weather, below 

−18°C (0°F), or after the vehicle has 
stood idle several days, let the 
engine warm up without operating 
the accelerator.

• Whether cold or warm, the engine 

should be started without use of the 
accelerator.

CAUTION

Brake System

Driving with the Engine Off:
Continuing to drive when the engine 
is stalled or turned off is dangerous.
Braking will require more effort, and 
the brake’s power-assist could be 
depleted if you pump the brake. This 
will cause longer stopping distances 
or even an accident. Don’t continue 
driving when the engine is stalled or 
turned off, find a safe place to stop.

Riding the Brakes:
Driving with your foot continuously 
on the brake pedal or steadily 
applying the brakes for long distances 
is dangerous. This causes overheated 
brakes, resulting in longer stopping 
distances or even total brake failure. 
This could cause loss of vehicle 
control and a serious accident. Avoid 
continuous application of the brakes. 
Shift to a lower gear when going 
down steep hills.

WARNING

5-5

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

▼ Parking Brake

Setting the parking brake

Depress the brake pedal, then pull the 
brake handle fully upward.

Releasing the parking brake

Depress the brake pedal, then pull the 
handle up and press the button. Lower the 
handle to the release position while 
holding in the button.

▼ Brake System Warning Light

This warning has the following functions:

Parking brake warning

The light comes on when the parking 
brake is applied with the ignition switch 
in the START or ON position. It goes off 
when the parking brake is fully released.

Low brake fluid level warning/
Electronic brake force distribution 
system warning

If the light stays on after the parking brake 
is fully released, you may have a brake 
problem.

Drive to the side of the road and park off 
the right-of-way.

Driving with Wet Brakes:
Driving with wet brakes is dangerous. 
Increased stopping distance or the 
vehicle pulling to one side when 
braking could result in a serious 
accident. Light braking will indicate 
whether the brakes have been 
affected. Dry the brakes by driving 
very slowly and applying the brakes 
lightly until brake performance is 
normal.

Driving with the parking brake on will 
cause excessive wear of the brake 
linings or pads.

WARNING

CAUTION

5-6

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

Low brake fluid level warning

You may notice that the pedal is harder to 
push or that it may go closer to the floor. 
In either case, it will take longer to stop 
the vehicle.

1. With the engine stopped, check the 

brake fluid level immediately and add 
fluid as required (page 8-14).

2. After adding fluid, check the light 

again.

If the warning light remains on, or if the 
brakes do not operate properly, do not 
drive the vehicle. Have it towed to an 
Authorized Mazda Dealer.

Even if the light goes off, have your brake 
system inspected as soon as possible.

Electronic brake force distribution 
system warning

If the electronic brake force distribution 
control unit determines that some 
components are operating incorrectly, the 
control unit may turn the brake system 
warning light on.
In this case, the ABS warning light comes 
on at the same time (page 5-32).

Brake Warning Light:
Driving with the brake system 
warning light on is dangerous. It 
indicates that your brakes may not 
work at all or that they could 
completely fail at any time. If this 
light remains on, have the brakes 
inspected immediately. Don’t drive 
with this light on, and contact an 
Authorized Mazda Dealer to have the 
brakes inspected as soon as possible.

ABS Warning Light and Brake 
Warning Light on at the Same Time:
Driving when the brake system 
warning light and ABS warning light 
are on at the same time is dangerous.
When both lights are on, the rear 
wheels could lock more quickly in an 
emergency stop than under normal 
circumstances.
Don’t drive with both lights on, and 
contact an Authorized Mazda Dealer 
to have the brakes inspected as soon 
as possible.

WARNING

5-7

Driving Your Mazda

Starting and Driving

▼ Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)

The ABS control unit continuously 
monitors the speed of each wheel. If one 
is about to lock up, the ABS responds by 
automatically releasing and reapplying 
that wheel’s brake.

The driver will feel a slight vibration in 
the brake pedal and may hear a chattering 
noise from the brake system. This is 
normal when the ABS operates. Don’t 
pump the brakes, continue to press down 
on the brake pedal.

▼ ABS Warning Light

The warning light stays on for a few 
seconds when the ignition switch is turned 
to the ON position.

If the ABS warning light stays on while 
you’re driving, the ABS control unit has 
detected a system malfunction. If this 
occurs, your brakes will function 
normally as if the vehicle had no ABS.
Should this happen, consult an Authorized 
Mazda Dealer as soon as possible.

ABS:
The ABS cannot compensate for 
unsafe and reckless driving, excessive 
speed, tailgating (following another 
vehicle too closely), and hydroplaning 
(reduced tire friction and road 
contact because of water on the road 
surface). You can still have an 
accident. So don’t rely on ABS as a 
substitute for safe driving.

NOTE

Braking distances may be longer on 
loose surfaces (snow or gravel, for 
example) which usually have a hard 
foundation. A vehicle with a normal 
braking system may require less 
distance to stop under these conditions 
because the tires will build up a wedge 
of surface layer when the wheels skid.

WARNING

ABS Warning Light and Brake 
Warning Light on at the Same Time:
Driving when the brake system 
warning light and ABS warning light 
are on at the same time is dangerous.
When both lights are on, the rear 
wheels could lock more quickly in an 
emergency stop than under normal 
circumstances.
Don’t drive with both lights on, and 
contact an Authorized Mazda Dealer 
to have the brakes inspected as soon 
as possible.

WARNING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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