Yamaha XV19SY(C), XV19MY(C). Service Manual - part 1

 

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Yamaha XV19SY(C), XV19MY(C). Service Manual - part 1

 

 

Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.
OWNER’S MANUAL
XV19SY(C)
XV19MY(C)
LIT-11626-22-32
1D7-28199-13
INTRODUCTION
EAU10081
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XV19SY(C)/XV19MY(C). This model is the result of Yamaha’s vast expe-
rience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of crafts-
manship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this motorcycle. If you
have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at
the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the
recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most cur-
rent product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA10011
WARNING
Please read this manual and the “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS” booklet carefully before operating
this motorcycle. Do not attempt to operate this motorcycle until you have attained adequate knowledge of its con-
trols and operating features. Regular inspections and careful maintenance, along with good operating techniques,
will help ensure that you safely enjoy the capabilities and reliability of this motorcycle.
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10132
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
WARNING
death or serious injury.
A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
NOTICE
vehicle or other property.
TIP
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LOCATION OF IMPORTANT
FOR YOUR SAFETY -
Checking the front and rear brake
LABELS
1-1
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
5-1
pads
7-17
Pre-operation check list
5-2
Checking the brake and clutch
SAFETY INFORMATION
2-1
fluid levels
7-17
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
Changing the brake and clutch
DESCRIPTION
3-1
RIDING POINTS
6-1
fluids
7-19
Left view
3-1
Starting the engine
6-1
Drive belt slack
7-19
Right view
3-2
Shifting
6-2
Checking and lubricating the
Controls and instruments
3-3
Engine break-in
6-3
cables
7-20
Parking
6-4
Checking and lubricating the
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
throttle grip and cable
7-20
FUNCTIONS
4-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
Checking and lubricating the
Main switch/steering lock
4-1
ADJUSTMENT
7-1
brake and shift pedals
7-20
Indicator and warning lights
4-2
Owner’s tool kit
7-2
Checking and lubricating the
Multi-function meter unit
4-3
Periodic maintenance chart for the
brake and clutch levers
7-21
Handlebar switches
4-7
emission control system
7-3
Checking and lubricating the
Clutch lever
4-9
General maintenance and
sidestand
7-22
Shift pedal
4-9
lubrication chart
7-4
Lubricating the rear suspension ... 7-22
Brake lever
4-10
Checking the spark plugs
7-8
Checking the front fork
7-22
Brake pedal
4-10
Canister (for California only)
7-9
Checking the steering
7-23
Fuel tank cap
4-10
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
7-9
Checking the wheel bearings
7-23
Fuel
4-11
Transfer case oil
7-13
Battery
7-24
Catalytic converter
4-12
Air filter element
7-13
Replacing the fuses
7-25
Rider seat
4-13
Checking the throttle cable free
Replacing a headlight bulb
7-26
Helmet holder
4-14
play
7-13
Tail/brake light
7-28
Adjusting the shock absorber
Valve clearance
7-14
Replacing a turn signal light
assembly
4-15
Tires
7-14
bulb
7-29
EXUP system
4-16
Cast wheels
7-16
License plate light
7-29
Sidestand
4-16
Clutch lever
7-16
Supporting the motorcycle
7-29
Ignition circuit cut-off system
4-17
Adjusting the rear brake light
Troubleshooting
7-30
Auxiliary DC connector
4-19
switch
7-16
Troubleshooting chart
7-31
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
STORAGE
8-1
Matte color caution
8-1
Care
8-1
Storage
8-3
SPECIFICATIONS
9-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION
10-1
Identification numbers
10-1
Reporting safety defects
10-3
Motorcycle noise regulation
10-4
Maintenance record
10-5
YAMAHA MOTOR
CORPORATION, U.S.A.
STREET AND ENDURO
MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY
10-7
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.)
10-9
LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS
EAU10383
Read and understand all of the labels on your vehicle. They contain important information for safe and proper operation of
your vehicle. Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If a label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label
1
is available from your Yamaha dealer.
1-1
LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS
1
4
California only
1
2
PREMIUM UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
91 Min. Pump Octane (R+M)
2
5PW-2415E-11
5
3
1-2
SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10283
Safe Riding
• Ride where other motorists can
Perform the pre-operation checks each
see you. Avoid riding in another
time you use the vehicle to make sure it
motorist’s blind spot.
Be a Responsible Owner
is in safe operating condition. Failure to
Many accidents involve inexperi-
As the vehicle’s owner, you are respon-
inspect or maintain the vehicle properly
enced operators. In fact, many op-
sible for the safe and proper operation
increases the possibility of an accident
erators who have been involved in
2
of your motorcycle.
or equipment damage. See page 5-1
accidents do not even have a cur-
Motorcycles are single-track vehicles.
for a list of pre-operation checks.
rent motorcycle license.
Their safe use and operation are de-
This motorcycle is designed to car-
• Make sure that you are qualified
pendent upon the use of proper riding
ry the operator and a passenger.
and that you only lend your
techniques as well as the expertise of
The failure of motorists to detect
motorcycle to other qualified op-
the operator. Every operator should
and recognize motorcycles in traf-
erators.
know the following requirements before
fic is the predominating cause of
• Know your skills and limits.
riding this motorcycle.
automobile/motorcycle accidents.
Staying within your limits may
He or she should:
Many accidents have been caused
help you to avoid an accident.
Obtain thorough instructions from
by an automobile driver who did
• We recommend that you prac-
a competent source on all aspects
not see the motorcycle. Making
tice riding your motorcycle
of motorcycle operation.
yourself conspicuous appears to
where there is no traffic until you
Observe the warnings and mainte-
be very effective in reducing the
have become thoroughly famil-
nance requirements in this Own-
chance of this type of accident.
iar with the motorcycle and all of
er’s Manual.
Therefore:
its controls.
Obtain qualified training in safe
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
Many accidents have been caused
and proper riding techniques.
• Use extra caution when you are
by error of the motorcycle opera-
Obtain professional technical ser-
approaching and passing
tor. A typical error made by the op-
vice as indicated in this Owner’s
through intersections, since in-
erator is veering wide on a turn
Manual and/or when made neces-
tersections are the most likely
sary by mechanical conditions.
places for motorcycle accidents
to occur.
2-1
SAFETY INFORMATION
due to excessive speed or under-
This motorcycle is designed for on-
A passenger should also observe
cornering (insufficient lean angle
road use only. It is not suitable for
the above precautions.
for the speed).
off-road use.
• Always obey the speed limit and
Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
never travel faster than warrant-
Protective apparel
All engine exhaust contains carbon
ed by road and traffic conditions.
The majority of fatalities from motor-
monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing car-
2
• Always signal before turning or
cycle accidents are the result of head
bon monoxide can cause headaches,
changing lanes. Make sure that
injuries. The use of a safety helmet is
dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confu-
other motorists can see you.
the single most critical factor in the pre-
sion, and eventually death.
The posture of the operator and
vention or reduction of head injuries.
Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odor-
passenger is important for proper
Always wear an approved helmet.
less, tasteless gas which may be
control.
Wear a face shield or goggles.
present even if you do not see or smell
• The operator should keep both
Wind in your unprotected eyes
any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of
hands on the handlebar and
could contribute to an impairment
carbon monoxide can collect rapidly
both feet on the operator foot-
of vision that could delay seeing a
and you can quickly be overcome and
rests during operation to main-
hazard.
unable to save yourself. Also, deadly
tain control of the motorcycle.
The use of a jacket, heavy boots,
levels of carbon monoxide can linger
• The passenger should always
trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in
for hours or days in enclosed or poorly
hold onto the operator, the seat
preventing or reducing abrasions
ventilated areas. If you experience any
strap or grab bar, if equipped,
or lacerations.
symptoms of carbon monoxide poison-
with both hands and keep both
Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
ing, leave the area immediately, get
feet on the passenger footrests.
otherwise they could catch on the
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREAT-
Never carry a passenger unless
control levers, footrests, or wheels
MENT.
he or she can firmly place both
and cause injury or an accident.
Do not run engine indoors. Even if
feet on the passenger footrests.
Always wear protective clothing
you try to ventilate engine exhaust
Never ride under the influence of
that covers your legs, ankles, and
with fans or open windows and
alcohol or other drugs.
feet. The engine or exhaust sys-
doors, carbon monoxide can rap-
tem become very hot during or af-
idly reach dangerous levels.
ter operation and can cause burns.
2-2
SAFETY INFORMATION
Do not run engine in poorly venti-
items, including such cargo as
Maximum load:
lated or partially enclosed areas
210 kg (463 lb)
sleeping bags, duffel bags, or
such as barns, garages, or car-
tents, can create unstable han-
ports.
When loading within this weight limit,
dling or a slow steering re-
Do not run engine outdoors where
keep the following in mind:
sponse.
engine exhaust can be drawn into
Cargo and accessory weight
This vehicle is not designed to
2
a building through openings such
should be kept as low and close to
pull a trailer or to be attached to
as windows and doors.
the motorcycle as possible. Se-
a sidecar.
curely pack your heaviest items as
Loading
close to the center of the vehicle as
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Adding accessories or cargo to your
possible and make sure to distrib-
Choosing accessories for your vehicle
motorcycle can adversely affect stabili-
ute the weight as evenly as possi-
is an important decision. Genuine
ty and handling if the weight distribution
ble on both sides of the motorcycle
Yamaha accessories, which are avail-
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid
to minimize imbalance or instabili-
able only from a Yamaha dealer, have
the possibility of an accident, use ex-
ty.
been designed, tested, and approved
treme caution when adding cargo or
Shifting weights can create a sud-
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.
accessories to your motorcycle. Use
den imbalance. Make sure that ac-
Many companies with no connection to
extra care when riding a motorcycle
cessories and cargo are securely
Yamaha manufacture parts and acces-
that has added cargo or accessories.
attached to the motorcycle before
sories or offer other modifications for
Here, along with the information about
riding. Check accessory mounts
Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a
accessories below, are some general
and cargo restraints frequently.
position to test the products that these
guidelines to follow if loading cargo to
• Properly adjust the suspension
aftermarket
companies produce.
your motorcycle:
for your load
(suspension-ad-
Therefore, Yamaha can neither en-
The total weight of the operator, pas-
justable models only), and
dorse nor recommend the use of ac-
senger, accessories and cargo must
check the condition and pres-
cessories not sold by Yamaha or
not exceed the maximum load limit.
sure of your tires.
modifications not specifically recom-
Operation of an overloaded vehicle
• Never attach any large or heavy
mended by Yamaha, even if sold and
could cause an accident.
items to the handlebar, front
installed by a Yamaha dealer.
fork, or front fender. These
2-3
SAFETY INFORMATION
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and
limit suspension travel, steering
tor and may limit control ability,
Modifications
travel or control operation, or ob-
therefore, such accessories are
While you may find aftermarket prod-
scure lights or reflectors.
not recommended.
ucts similar in design and quality to
Accessories fitted to the handle-
Use caution when adding electri-
genuine Yamaha accessories, recog-
bar or the front fork area can
cal accessories. If electrical acces-
nize that some aftermarket accessories
create instability due to improper
sories exceed the capacity of the
2
or modifications are not suitable be-
weight distribution or aerody-
motorcycle’s electrical system, an
cause of potential safety hazards to you
namic changes. If accessories
electric failure could result, which
or others. Installing aftermarket prod-
are added to the handlebar or
could cause a dangerous loss of
ucts or having other modifications per-
front fork area, they must be as
lights or engine power.
formed to your vehicle that change any
lightweight as possible and
of the vehicle’s design or operation
should be kept to a minimum.
Aftermarket Tires and Rims
characteristics can put you and others
Bulky or large accessories may
The tires and rims that came with your
at greater risk of serious injury or death.
seriously affect the stability of
motorcycle were designed to match the
You are responsible for injuries related
the motorcycle due to aerody-
performance capabilities and to provide
to changes in the vehicle.
namic effects. Wind may at-
the best combination of handling, brak-
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
tempt to lift the motorcycle, or
ing, and comfort. Other tires, rims, siz-
as well as those provided under “Load-
the motorcycle may become un-
es, and combinations may not be
ing” when mounting accessories.
stable in cross winds. These ac-
appropriate. Refer to page 7-14 for tire
Never install accessories or carry
cessories may also cause
specifications and more information on
cargo that would impair the perfor-
instability when passing or being
replacing your tires.
mance of your motorcycle. Care-
passed by large vehicles.
fully inspect the accessory before
Certain accessories can dis-
using it to make sure that it does
place the operator from his or
not in any way reduce ground
her normal riding position. This
clearance or cornering clearance,
improper position limits the free-
dom of movement of the opera-
2-4
DESCRIPTION
EAU10410
Left view
3
1. Headlight (page 7-26)
9. Engine oil drain bolt B (crankcase) (page 7-9)
2. Clutch fluid reservoir (page 7-17)
10.Engine oil drain bolt A (crankcase) (page 7-9)
3. Seat lock (page 4-13)
11.Shift pedal (page 4-9)
4. Main fuse (page 7-25)
5. Battery (page 7-24)
6. Owner’s tool kit (page 7-2)
7. License plate light (page 7-29)
8. Tail/brake light (page 7-28)
3-1
DESCRIPTION
EAU10420
Right view
3
1. Helmet holder (page 4-14)
9. Rear brake light switch (page 7-16)
2. Fuel injection system fuse (page 7-25)
10.Engine oil filter cartridge (page 7-9)
3. Rear brake fluid reservoir (page 7-17)
11.Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank) (page 7-9)
4. Fuse box (page 7-25)
12.Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting nut (page 4-15)
5. Engine oil filler cap (page 7-9)
6. Fuel tank cap (page 4-10)
7. Front brake fluid reservoir (page 7-17)
8. Brake pedal (page 4-10)
3-2
DESCRIPTION
EAU10430
Controls and instruments
3
1. Clutch lever (page 4-9)
2. Left handlebar switches (page 4-7)
3. Multi-function meter unit (page 4-3)
4. Main switch/steering lock (page 4-1)
5. Right handlebar switches (page 4-7)
6. Throttle grip (page 7-13)
7. Brake lever (page 4-10)
3-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38390
EAU10540
EAU10681
Main switch/steering lock
ON
LOCK
The main switch/steering lock is locat-
All electrical circuits are supplied with
The steering is locked, and all electrical
ed under the main switch/steering lock
power, and the meter lighting, taillight,
systems are off. The key can be re-
cover.
To access the main
license plate light and position lights
moved.
switch/steering lock, slide the cover for-
come on, and the engine can be start-
ward.
ed. The key cannot be removed.
To lock the steering
TIP
The headlight comes on automatically
when the engine is started and stays on
until the key is turned to “OFF”, even if
4
the engine stalls.
EAU10661
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
1. Main switch/steering lock cover
can be removed.
1. Push.
2. Main switch/steering lock
EWA10061
2. Turn.
WARNING
The main switch/steering lock controls
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
Never turn the key to
“OFF” or
the left.
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
“LOCK” while the vehicle is moving.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF” po-
used to lock the steering. The various
Otherwise the electrical systems will
sition, and then turn it to “LOCK”
positions are described below.
be switched off, which may result in
while still pushing it.
loss of control or an accident.
3. Remove the key.
4-1
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11003
EAU11080
To unlock the steering
Indicator and warning lights
High beam indicator light “
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
EAU11363
Fuel level warning light “
This warning light comes on when the
fuel level drops below approximately
3.0 L (0.79 US gal, 0.66 Imp.gal). When
4
this occurs, refuel as soon as possible.
1. Push.
1.
Neutral indicator light “
The electrical circuit of the warning light
2. Turn.
2.
High beam indicator light “
can be checked by turning the key to
Push the key in, and then turn it to
3.
Right turn signal indicator light “
“ON”.
“OFF” while still pushing it.
4.
Left turn signal indicator light “
If the warning light does not come on
5.
Engine trouble warning light “
for a few seconds, and then go off,
6.
Fuel level warning light “
have a Yamaha dealer check the elec-
trical circuit.
EAU11030
Turn signal indicator lights “
TIP
and “
This model is also equipped with a self-
The corresponding indicator light flash-
diagnosis device for the fuel level de-
es when the turn signal switch is
tection circuit. If a problem is detected
pushed to the left or right.
in the fuel level detection circuit, the fol-
lowing cycle will be repeated until the
EAU11060
Neutral indicator light “
malfunction is corrected: The fuel level
This indicator light comes on when the
warning light will flash eight times, and
transmission is in the neutral position.
4-2
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38429
then go off for 3.0 seconds. If this oc-
a tachometer (which shows the en-
Multi-function meter unit
curs, have a Yamaha dealer check the
gine speed)
vehicle.
a fuel gauge
an odometer (which shows the to-
tal distance traveled)
EAU11532
Engine trouble warning light “
two tripmeters
(which show the
This warning light comes on or flashes
distance traveled since they were
if a problem is detected in the electrical
last set to zero)
circuit monitoring the engine. If this oc-
a fuel reserve tripmeter
(which
curs, have a Yamaha dealer check the
shows the distance traveled on the
self-diagnosis system. (See page 4-6
fuel reserve)
4
for an explanation of the self-diagnosis
1.
Speedometer
a clock
device.)
2.
Fuel gauge
a self-diagnosis device
The electrical circuit of the warning light
3.
Odometer/tripmeter/fuel reserve tripme-
a brightness control mode
ter/clock
can be checked by turning the key to
4.
Tachometer
TIP
“ON”. If the warning light does not come
Be sure to turn the key to “ON” be-
EWA12422
on for a few seconds, then go off, have
fore using the “SELECT” and reset
WARNING
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
switches, except for setting the
circuit.
Be sure to stop the vehicle before
brightness control mode.
making any setting changes to the
To switch the odometer, the trip-
multi-function meter unit. Changing
meters and the fuel reserve trip-
settings while riding can distract the
meter displays between kilometers
operator and increase the risk of an
and miles, press the “SELECT”
accident.
switch for at least two seconds.
The multi-function meter unit is
equipped with the following:
a speedometer (which shows the
riding speed)
4-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Speedometer
Tachometer
1.
“SELECT” switch
4
1. Speedometer
1. Tachometer
2. Tachometer red zone
When the key is turned to “ON”, the
speedometer needle will sweep once
The electric tachometer allows the rider
across the speed range and then return
to monitor the engine speed and keep it
to zero in order to test the electrical cir-
within the ideal power range.
cuit.
When the key is turned to “ON”, the ta-
chometer needle will sweep once
across the r/min range and then return
to zero r/min in order to test the electri-
cal circuit.
1.
Reset switch
ECA10031
NOTICE
Do not operate the engine in the ta-
chometer red zone.
Red zone: 5000 r/min and above
4-4
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Fuel gauge
Odometer, tripmeters, fuel reserve
between the various tripmeter, odome-
tripmeter and clock
ter, and clock modes in the following or-
der:
F-TRIP → TRIP 1 → TRIP 2 → Clock
→ ODO → F-TRIP
To reset a tripmeter, select it by push-
ing the
“SELECT” switch, and then
push the reset switch for at least one
second. If you do not reset the fuel re-
serve tripmeter manually, it will reset it-
self automatically, and the display will
4
1. Fuel gauge
return to the prior mode after refueling
1. Odometer/tripmeter/fuel reserve tripme-
The fuel gauge indicates the amount of
ter/clock
and traveling 5 km (3 mi).
fuel in the fuel tank. The needle moves
Push the “SELECT” switch to switch
towards “E” (Empty) as the fuel level
To set the clock:
the display between the odometer
decreases. When the needle reaches
mode “ODO”, the tripmeter modes
“E”, approximately 3.0 L (0.79 US gal,
“TRIP 1” and “TRIP 2” and the clock
0.66 Imp.gal) remain in the fuel tank. If
mode in the following order:
this occurs, refuel as soon as possible.
ODO → TRIP 1 → TRIP 2 → Clock →
When the key is turned to “ON”, the fuel
ODO
gauge needle will sweep once across
If the fuel level warning light comes on
the fuel level range and then return to
(see page 4-2), the odometer display
the current amount in order to test the
will automatically change to the fuel re-
electrical circuit.
serve tripmeter mode
“F-TRIP” and
TIP
1. Clock
start counting the distance traveled
The fuel gauge does not indicate the
from that point. In that case, push the
1. Push the
“SELECT”
switch
to
correct fuel level for the first 5 km/h (3
“SELECT” switch to switch the display
change the display to the clock
mi/h) after refueling.
mode.
4-5
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA11590
2. Push the
“SELECT” and reset
the speedometer, tachometer, and
NOTICE
switches together for at least two
the fuel gauge needles (item num-
seconds.
If the display indicates an error
ber “3”)
3. When the hour digits start flashing,
code, the vehicle should be checked
Select the brightness control mode as
push the reset switch to set the
as soon as possible in order to avoid
follows.
hours.
engine damage.
1. Turn the key to “OFF”.
4. Push the “SELECT” switch, and
2. Push and hold the
“SELECT”
the minute digits will start flashing.
switch.
Brightness control mode
5. Push the reset switch to set the
3. Turn the key to “ON”, and then re-
minutes.
lease the “SELECT” switch after
4
6. Push the “SELECT” switch and
five seconds.
then release it to start the clock.
Item number “1” is displayed.
Self-diagnosis device
This model is equipped with a self-diag-
nosis device for various electrical cir-
cuits.
If a problem is detected in any of those
1. Multi-function meter unit panel
circuits, the engine trouble warning light
2. LCD
will come on or flash, and then the
3. Speedometer needle
odometer/tripmeter/clock display will
4. Tachometer needle
indicate a two-digit error code.
5. Fuel gauge needle
1. Multi-function meter unit panel
If the odometer/tripmeter/clock display
2. Item number
indicates any error codes, note the
The brightness can be adjusted for the
3. Brightness level
code number, and then have a Yamaha
following:
4. Adjust the multi-function meter unit
dealer check the vehicle.
the multi-function meter unit panel
panel brightness level by pushing
(item number “1”)
the reset switch.
the LCD (item number “2”)
4-6
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12347
5. Push the “SELECT” switch to se-
Handlebar switches
lect the LCD.
Item number “2” is displayed.
Left
Adjust the LCD brightness level by
pushing the reset switch.
1. Speedometer needle
4
2. Tachometer needle
3. Fuel gauge needle
4. Item number
1.
Dimmer switch “
/
5. Brightness level
2.
Turn signal switch “
/
3.
Horn switch “
1. LCD
7. Push the “SELECT” switch.
2. Item number
The odometer/tripmeter/clock dis-
3. Brightness level
play will return to the prior mode.
6. Push the “SELECT” switch to se-
lect the speedometer, tachometer,
and the fuel gauge needles.
Item number “3” is displayed.
Adjust the brightness level of the
speedometer, tachometer, and the
fuel gauge needles by pushing the
reset switch.
1.
“SELECT” switch
4-7
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38331
Right
and for approximately
15 seconds.
Light switch (for optional
However, the turn signal lights can also
lights) “
be canceled manually by pushing the
This model can be equipped with op-
switch in after it has returned to the cen-
tional lights available at a Yamaha
ter position.
dealer.
TIP
Push this switch to the left to turn the
The self-canceling system only oper-
optional lights on and to the right to turn
ates when the vehicle is moving, so that
them off.
ECA15321
the turn signal lights will not self-cancel
NOTICE
while you are stopped at an intersec-
4
1. Engine stop switch “
/
tion.
Do not install a bulb which exceeds
2. Light switch (for optional lights) “
12 V, 35 W in either light, otherwise
3. Start switch “
the headlight fuse may blow or the
EAU12500
EAU12400
Horn switch “
battery may discharge.
Dimmer switch “
/
Press this switch to sound the horn.
Set this switch to “
” for
the high
EAU12711
beam and to “
” for the low beam.
EAU12660
Start switch “
Engine stop switch “
/
Push this switch to crank the engine
EAU12430
Set this switch to “
” before starting
with the starter. See page 6-1 for start-
Turn signal switch “
/
the engine. Set this switch to “
” to
ing instructions prior to starting the en-
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
stop the engine in case of an emergen-
gine.
switch to “
”. To signal a left-hand
cy, such as when the vehicle overturns
turn, push this switch to “
”. When re-
or when the throttle cable is stuck.
EAU41700
leased, the switch returns to the center
The engine trouble warning light will
position.
come on when the key is turned to “ON”
Since this model is equipped with a
and the start switch is pushed, but this
self-canceling system, the turn signal
does not indicate a malfunction.
lights will self-cancel after the vehicle
has traveled both about 150 m (490 ft)
4-8
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU44600
EAU12820
EAU12880
“SELECT” switch
Clutch lever
Shift pedal
This switch is used to perform selec-
tions in the odometer, tripmeter, to set
the clock and to set the brightness
mode of the multi-function meter unit.
See “Multi-function meter unit” on page
4-3 for detailed information.
4
1. Clutch lever
1. Shift pedal
The clutch lever is located at the left
The shift pedal is located on the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
side of the engine and is used in com-
clutch, pull the lever toward the handle-
bination with the clutch lever when
bar grip. To engage the clutch, release
shifting the gears of the 5-speed con-
the lever. The lever should be pulled
stant-mesh transmission equipped on
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
this motorcycle.
clutch operation.
TIP
The clutch lever is equipped with a
Use your toes or heel to shift up and
clutch switch, which is part of the igni-
your toes to shift down.
tion circuit cut-off system. (See page
4-17.)
4-9
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12890
EAU12941
EAU13121
Brake lever
Brake pedal
Fuel tank cap
4
1. Brake lever
1. Brake pedal
1. Fuel tank cap lock cover
2. “
” mark
The brake lever is located at the right
The brake pedal is on the right side of
3. Unlock.
handlebar grip. To apply the front
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
4. Lock.
brake, pull the lever toward the handle-
brake, press down on the brake pedal.
bar grip.
To remove the fuel tank cap
Slide the lock cover open, insert the key
into the lock, and then turn it 1/4 turn
clockwise. The lock will be released
and the fuel tank cap can be removed.
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the “
” mark
facing forward.
4-10
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13212
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
Fuel
the original position, remove it, and
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in
then close the lock cover.
the tank.
TIP
EWA10881
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
WARNING
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
not properly installed and locked.
and explosions and to reduce the
EWA10131
risk of injury when refueling, follow
1. Fuel tank filler tube
WARNING
these instructions.
4
2. Fuel level
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
1.
Before refueling, turn off the en-
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immedi-
properly installed before
riding.
gine and be sure that no one is sit-
ately. NOTICE: Immediately wipe
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.
ting on the vehicle. Never refuel
off spilled fuel with a clean, dry,
while smoking, or while in the vi-
soft cloth, since fuel may deteri-
cinity of sparks, open flames, or
orate painted surfaces or plastic
other sources of ignition such as
parts. [ECA10071]
the pilot lights of water heaters and
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel
clothes dryers.
tank cap.
2.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop
EWA15151
filling when the fuel reaches the
WARNING
bottom of the filler tube. Because
Gasoline is poisonous and can
fuel expands when it heats up,
cause injury or death. Handle gaso-
heat from the engine or the sun
line with care. Never siphon gaso-
can cause fuel to spill out of the
line by mouth. If you should swallow
fuel tank.
some gasoline or inhale a lot of gas-
oline vapor, or get some gasoline in
your eyes, see your doctor immedi-
4-11
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13432
ately. If gasoline spills on your skin,
gasoline of a different brand. Use of un-
Catalytic converter
wash with soap and water. If gaso-
leaded fuel will extend spark plug life
This model is equipped with a catalytic
line spills on your clothing, change
and reduce maintenance costs.
converter in the exhaust system.
your clothes.
Gasohol
EWA10861
There are two types of gasohol: gaso-
WARNING
EAU13381
hol containing ethanol and that contain-
The exhaust system is hot after op-
ing methanol. Gasohol containing
eration. To prevent a fire hazard or
ethanol can be used if the ethanol con-
Recommended fuel:
burns:
tent does not exceed 10% (E10). Gas-
PREMIUM UNLEADED GASOLINE
Do not park the vehicle near
ohol containing methanol is not
ONLY
possible fire hazards such as
4
recommended by Yamaha because it
Fuel tank capacity:
grass or other materials that
17.0 L (4.49 US gal, 3.74 Imp.gal)
can cause damage to the fuel system
easily burn.
Fuel reserve amount (when the fuel
or vehicle performance problems.
level warning light comes on):
Park the motorcycle in a place
3.0 L (0.79 US gal, 0.66 Imp.gal)
where pedestrians or children
are not likely to touch the hot
ECA11400
exhaust system.
NOTICE
Make sure that the exhaust sys-
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
tem has cooled down before do-
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
ing any maintenance work.
damage to internal engine parts,
Do not allow the engine to idle
such as the valves and piston rings,
more than a few minutes. Long
as well as to the exhaust system.
idling can cause a build-up of
heat.
Your Yamaha engine has been de-
signed to use premium unleaded gaso-
line with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 91 or higher, or a research
octane number of
95 or higher. If
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
4-12
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA10701
EAU34042
NOTICE
Rider seat
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
To remove the rider seat
of leaded gasoline will cause unre-
1. Insert the key into the seat lock,
pairable damage to the catalytic
and then turn it counterclockwise.
converter.
1. Projection
4
2. Seat holder
2. Push the front of the seat down to
lock it in place.
3. Remove the key.
1. Seat lock
TIP
2. Unlock.
Make sure that the seat is properly se-
2. While holding the key in that posi-
cured before riding.
tion, lift the front of the seat up, and
then pull the seat off.
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projection on the rear of
the seat into the seat holder as
shown.
4-13
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38342
To release the helmet from the hel-
Helmet holder
met holder
Remove the rider seat, remove the hel-
met holding cable from the helmet hold-
er and the helmet, and then install the
seat.
1. Helmet holding cable
4
2. Helmet
1. Helmet holder
2. Helmet holding cable
3.
Place the helmet on the left side of
the vehicle, and then install the rid-
The helmet holder is located under the
er seat. WARNING! Never ride
rider seat. A helmet holding cable is
with a helmet attached to the
provided beside the owner’s tool kit to
helmet holder, since the helmet
secure a helmet to the helmet holder.
may hit objects, causing loss of
control and possibly an acci-
To secure a helmet to the helmet
dent. [EWA10161] NOTICE: Be sure to
holder
place the helmet on the left side
1. Remove the rider seat. (See page
of the vehicle. Some helmets
4-13.)
may contact the muffler when
2. Pass the helmet holding cable
placed on the right side be-
through the buckle on the helmet
cause of their size or shape.
strap as shown, and then hook the
[ECA15331]
cable loop over the helmet holder.
4-14
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38403
load and thereby soften the sus-
Adjusting the shock absorber
pension, turn the adjusting nut in
assembly
direction (b).
This shock absorber assembly is
To make the adjustment, use
equipped with a spring preload adjust-
the special wrench included in
ing nut.
the additional tool kit, which
ECA10101
was handed out separately at
NOTICE
the purchase of the vehicle.
To avoid damaging the mechanism,
The spring preload setting is
do not attempt to turn beyond the
determined by measuring dis-
1.
Distance A
maximum or minimum settings.
tance A, shown in the illustra-
4
tion. The shorter distance A is,
Spring preload:
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
the higher the spring preload;
Minimum (hard):
the longer distance A is, the
Distance A = 162 mm (6.38 in)
Standard:
lower the spring preload. With
Distance A = 171 mm (6.73 in)
each complete turn of the ad-
Maximum (soft):
justing nut, distance A is
Distance A = 171 mm (6.73 in)
changed by 2.0 mm (0.08 in).
3. Tighten the locknut to the specified
torque. NOTICE: Always tighten
the locknut against the adjust-
ing nut, and then tighten the
1. Locknut
locknut to the specified torque.
2. Spring preload adjusting nut
[ECA10121]
1. Loosen the locknut.
Tightening torque:
2. To increase the spring preload and
Locknut:
thereby harden the suspension,
30 Nm (3.0 m·kgf, 22 ft·lbf)
turn the adjusting nut in direction
1.
Special wrench
(a). To decrease the spring pre-
4-15
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EWA10221
EAU15281
EAU15301
WARNING
EXUP system
Sidestand
This model is equipped with Yamaha’s
The sidestand is located on the left side
This shock absorber assembly con-
EXUP (EXhaust Ultimate Power valve)
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
tains highly pressurized nitrogen
system. This system boosts engine
lower it with your foot while holding the
gas. Read and understand the fol-
power by means of a valve that regu-
vehicle upright.
lowing information before handling
lates the diameter of the exhaust pipe.
the shock absorber assembly.
TIP
The EXUP system valve is constantly
Do not tamper with or attempt to
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
adjusted in accordance with the engine
open the cylinder assembly.
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
speed by a computer-controlled servo-
Do not subject the shock ab-
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
motor.
4
sorber assembly to an open
(See further down for an explanation of
ECA10191
flame or other high heat source.
the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
NOTICE
This may cause the unit to ex-
EWA10240
The EXUP system has been set
plode due to excessive gas
and extensively tested at the
WARNING
pressure.
Yamaha factory. Changing
The vehicle must not be ridden with
Do not deform or damage the
these settings without sufficient
the sidestand down, or if the side-
cylinder in any way. Cylinder
technical knowledge may result
stand cannot be properly moved up
damage will result in poor
in poor performance of or dam-
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
damping performance.
age to the engine.
sidestand could contact the ground
Do not dispose of a damaged or
If the EXUP system cannot be
and distract the operator, resulting
worn-out shock absorber as-
heard when the main switch is
in a possible loss of control.
sembly yourself. Take the shock
turned on, have a Yamaha deal-
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
absorber assembly to a Yamaha
er check it.
system has been designed to assist
dealer for any service.
the operator in fulfilling the respon-
sibility of raising the sidestand be-
fore starting off. Therefore, check
this system regularly as described
4-16
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU44891
below and have a Yamaha dealer re-
Ignition circuit cut-off system
pair it if it does not function proper-
The ignition circuit cut-off system (com-
ly.
prising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the fol-
lowing functions.
It prevents starting when the trans-
mission is in gear and the side-
stand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
It prevents starting when the trans-
4
mission is in gear and the clutch le-
ver is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
It cuts the running engine when the
transmission is in gear and the sid-
estand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
4-17
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
WARNING
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
If a malfunction is noted, have a Yamaha
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on.
dealer check the system before riding.
3. Turn the key on.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
The neutral switch may not be working correctly.
YES
NO
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
4
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.
YES
NO
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
The clutch switch may not be working correctly.
YES
NO
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
4-18
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU38351
A 12-V accessory connected to the
Auxiliary DC connector
auxiliary DC connector under the rider
seat can be used when the key is in the
“ON” position.
4
1. Auxiliary DC connector
ECA15310
NOTICE
The accessory connected to the
auxiliary DC connector should not
be used with the engine turned off,
and the load must never exceed 36
W (3 A), otherwise the battery may
discharge.
EWA12531
WARNING
To prevent electrical shock or short-
circuiting, make sure that the cap is
installed when the auxiliary DC con-
nector is not being used.
4-19
FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15595
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
EWA11151
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
5
5-1
FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15605
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Check fuel level in fuel tank.
Fuel
Refuel if necessary.
4-11
Check fuel line for leakage.
Check oil level in oil tank.
Engine oil
If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
7-9
Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Transfer case oil
Check vehicle for oil leakage.
7-13
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Front brake
Replace if necessary.
7-17, 7-17
5
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Rear brake
Replace if necessary.
7-17, 7-17
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Clutch
Check fluid level in reservoir.
7-16, 7-17
If necessary, add recommended fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Check cable free play.
Throttle grip
7-13, 7-20
If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and
grip housing.
5-2
FOR YOUR SAFETY - PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Control cables
7-20
Lubricate if necessary.
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Wheels and tires
7-14, 7-16
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Brake and shift pedals
7-20
Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Brake and clutch levers
7-21
Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Sidestand
7-22
Lubricate pivot if necessary.
5
Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
Chassis fasteners
Tighten if necessary.
Instruments, lights, signals
Check operation.
and switches
Correct if necessary.
Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
Sidestand switch
4-16
If system is not working correctly, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
5-3
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15951
EAU45310
EAU16244
Starting the engine
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
TIP
become familiar with all controls. If
system to enable starting, one of the
This model is equipped with a lean an-
there is a control or function you do not
following conditions must be met:
gle sensor to stop the engine in case of
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
The transmission is in the neutral
a turnover. To start the engine after a
EWA10271
position.
turnover, be sure to turn the main
WARNING
The transmission is in gear with
switch to “OFF” and then to “ON”. Fail-
Failure to familiarize yourself with
the clutch lever pulled and the sid-
ing to do so will prevent the engine from
the controls can lead to loss of con-
estand up.
starting even though the engine will
trol, which could cause an accident
See page 4-17 for more informa-
crank when pushing the start switch.
or injury.
tion.
1.
Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “
”.
The following warning lights
6
should come on for a few seconds,
then go off.
Fuel level warning light
Engine trouble warning light
ECA15482
NOTICE
If a warning light does not go off, see
page
4-2 for the corresponding
warning light circuit check.
6-1
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16671
ECA10260
2.
Shift the transmission into the neu-
Shifting
NOTICE
tral position. (See page 6-2.) The
neutral indicator light should come
Even with the transmission in
on. If not, ask a Yamaha dealer to
the neutral position, do not
check the electrical circuit.
coast for long periods of time
3.
Start the engine by pushing the
with the engine off, and do not
start switch. NOTICE: For maxi-
tow the motorcycle for long dis-
mum engine life, always warm
tances. The transmission is
the engine up before starting
properly lubricated only when
off. Never accelerate hard when
the engine is running. Inade-
the engine is cold! [ECA11131]
quate lubrication may damage
If the engine fails to start, release
1. Shift pedal
the transmission.
the start switch, wait a few sec-
2. Neutral position
Always use the clutch while
onds, and then try again. Each
changing gears to avoid damag-
Shifting gears
lets
you
control
the
starting attempt should be as short
ing the engine, transmission,
amount of engine power available for
6
as possible to preserve the bat-
and drive train, which are not
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
tery. Do not crank the engine more
designed to withstand the
etc.
than 10 seconds on any one at-
shock of forced shifting.
The gear positions are shown in the il-
tempt.
lustration.
EAU16681
TIP
To start out and accelerate
To shift the transmission into the neu-
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
tral position, press the shift pedal down
the clutch.
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
2. Shift the transmission into first
travel, and then slightly raise it.
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and at
the same time, release the clutch
lever slowly.
6-2
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16841
4. At the recommended shift points
3. Shift the transmission into the neu-
Engine break-in
shown in the following table, close
tral position when the motorcycle
There is never a more important period
the throttle, and at the same time,
is almost completely stopped. The
in the life of your engine than the period
quickly pull the clutch lever in.
neutral indicator light should come
between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For
5. Shift the transmission into second
on.
this reason, you should read the follow-
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
EAU16720
ing material carefully.
transmission into the neutral posi-
Recommended shift points
Since the engine is brand new, do not
tion.)
The recommended shift points during
put an excessive load on it for the first
6. Open the throttle part way and
acceleration and deceleration
are
1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
gradually release the clutch lever.
shown in the table below.
the engine wear and polish themselves
7. Follow the same procedure when
to the correct operating clearances.
shifting to the next higher gear.
Shift up points:
During this period, prolonged full-throt-
1st → 2nd: 20 km/h (13 mi/h)
TIP
tle operation or any condition that might
2nd → 3rd: 30 km/h (19 mi/h)
When shifting gears in normal operat-
result in engine overheating must be
3rd → 4th: 40 km/h (25 mi/h)
ing conditions, use the recommended
4th → 5th: 50 km/h (31 mi/h)
avoided.
6
shift points.
Shift down points:
5th → 4th: 25 km/h (16 mi/h)
EAU17112
4th → 3rd: 25 km/h (16 mi/h)
EAU16700
3rd → 2nd: 25 km/h (16 mi/h)
0-1000 km (0-600 mi)
To decelerate
2nd → 1st: 25 km/h (16 mi/h)
Avoid prolonged operation above 2500
1. Apply both the front and the rear
r/min. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
mi) of operation, the engine oil and
2. Shift the transmission into first
transfer case oil must be changed,
gear when the motorcycle reaches
and the oil filter cartridge or element
25 km/h (16 mi/h). If the engine is
replaced. [ECA10892]
about to stall or runs very roughly,
1000-1600 km (600-1000 mi)
pull the clutch lever in and use the
Avoid prolonged operation above 3500
brakes to stop the motorcycle.
r/min.
6-3
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU17213
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
Parking
The vehicle can now be operated nor-
When parking, stop the engine, and
mally.
ECA10310
then remove the key from the main
NOTICE
switch.
EWA10311
Keep the engine speed out of
WARNING
the tachometer red zone.
Since the engine and exhaust
If any engine trouble should oc-
system can become very hot,
cur during the engine break-in
park in a place where pedestri-
period, immediately have a
ans or children are not likely to
Yamaha dealer check the vehi-
touch them and be burned.
cle.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
6
risk of a fuel leak and fire.
Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.
6-4
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17232
EAU17302
A running engine has moving
parts that can catch on body
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lu-
Emission controls not only function to
parts or clothing and electrical
brication will keep your vehicle in the
ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
parts that can cause shocks or
safest and most efficient condition pos-
proper engine operation and maximum
fires.
sible. Safety is an obligation of the vehi-
performance. In the following periodic
Running the engine while ser-
cle owner/operator. The most important
maintenance charts, the services relat-
vicing can lead to eye injury,
points of vehicle inspection, adjust-
ed to emissions control are grouped
burns, fire, or carbon monoxide
ment, and lubrication are explained on
separately. These services require
poisoning - possibly leading to
the following pages.
specialized data, knowledge, and
death. See page 2-1 for more in-
EWA10321
equipment. Maintenance, replacement,
formation about carbon monox-
WARNING
or repair of the emission control devic-
ide.
Failure to properly maintain the ve-
es and systems may be performed by
hicle or performing maintenance ac-
any repair establishment or individual
tivities incorrectly may increase
that is certified (if applicable). Yamaha
your risk of injury or death during
dealers are trained and equipped to
service or while using the vehicle. If
perform these particular services.
you are not familiar with vehicle ser-
7
vice, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
EWA15121
WARNING
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance unless otherwise
specified.
7-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17361
Owner’s tool kit
1. Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located under the
rider seat. (See page 4-13.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
7
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. How-
ever, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
TIP
If you do not have the tools or experi-
ence required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
7-2
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17600
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4000 mi
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
(1000 km)
(7000 km)
(13000 km)
(19000 km)
(25000 km)
(31000 km)
or
or
or
or
or
or
1 month
6 months
12 months
18 months
24 months
30 months
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or
1
Fuel line
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
2
Spark plugs
Replace.
Replace.
• Replace every 8000 mi (13000
km) or 12 months.
• Check and adjust valve clearance
3
Valve clearance
when engine is cold.
Every 16000 mi (25000 km)
• Adjust if necessary.
• Check breather hose for cracks or
Crankcase breather
4
damage.
system
• Replace if necessary.
7
5
Fuel injection
• Adjust synchronization.
• Check for leakage.
6
Exhaust system
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
Evaporative emis-
• Check control system for dam-
7
sion control system
age.
(For California only)
• Replace if necessary.
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
7-3
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU32185
General maintenance and lubrication chart
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4000 mi
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
(1000 km)
(7000 km)
(13000 km)
(19000 km)
(25000 km)
(31000 km)
or
or
or
or
or
or
1 month
6 months
12 months
18 months
24 months
30 months
1
Air filter element
Replace.
Every 24000 mi (37000 km)
Check operation and fluid leak-
2
Clutch
age.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation, fluid level, and
3
Front brake
for fluid leakage.
Replace brake pads if necessary.
Check operation, fluid level, and
4
Rear brake
for fluid leakage.
Replace brake pads if necessary.
Check for cracks or damage.
5
Brake hoses
7
Replace.
Every 4 years
Check runout and for damage.
6
Wheels
Replace if necessary.
Check tread depth and for dam-
age.
7
Tires
Replace if necessary.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
Check bearings for smooth oper-
8
Wheel bearings
ation.
Replace if necessary.
Swingarm pivot
Check bearing assemblies for
9
*
bearings
looseness.
7-4
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4000 mi
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
(1000 km)
(7000 km)
(13000 km)
(19000 km)
(25000 km)
(31000 km)
or
or
or
or
or
or
1 month
6 months
12 months
18 months
24 months
30 months
• Check belt tension.
10
Drive belt
Every 2500 mi (4000 km)
• Adjust if necessary.
• Check bearing assemblies for
looseness.
11
Steering bearings
• Moderately repack with lithium-
Repack.
soap-based grease every 16000
mi (25000 km) or 24 months.
• Check all chassis fitting and fas-
12
Chassis fasteners
teners.
• Correct if necessary.
Brake lever pivot
13
• Apply silicone grease lightly.
shaft
Brake pedal pivot
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
14
shaft
lightly.
7
Clutch lever pivot
15
• Apply silicone grease lightly.
shaft
Shift pedal pivot
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
16
shaft
lightly.
• Check operation.
17
Sidestand pivot
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
lightly.
• Check operation and replace if
18
Sidestand switch
necessary.
• Check operation and for oil leak-
19
*
Front fork
age.
• Replace if necessary.
7-5
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4000 mi
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
(1000 km)
(7000 km)
(13000 km)
(19000 km)
(25000 km)
(31000 km)
or
or
or
or
or
or
1 month
6 months
12 months
18 months
24 months
30 months
Check operation and for oil leak-
Shock absorber as-
20
age.
sembly
Replace if necessary.
Rear suspension
Apply lithium-soap-based grease
21
link pivots
lightly.
Change (warm engine before
22
Engine oil
draining).
Engine oil filter car-
23
Replace.
tridge
Check for leakage.
Change at initial 600 mi (1000
24
Transfer case oil
km) or 1 month, and thereafter
Change.
Change.
every 16000 mi (25000 km) or 24
months.
7
Front and rear brake
25
Check operation.
switches
Apply Yamaha chain and cable
26
Control cables
lube or engine oil thoroughly.
Check operation and free play.
Adjust the throttle cable free play
Throttle grip hous-
27
if necessary.
ing and cable
Lubricate the throttle grip housing
and cable.
Lights, signals and
Check operation.
28
switches
Adjust headlight beam.
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
7-6
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
TIP
From 24000 mi (37000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 8000 mi (13000 km) or 12 months.
EAU38440
TIP
Air filter
• This model’s air filter is equipped with a disposable oil-coated paper element, which must not be cleaned with com-
pressed air to avoid damaging it.
• The air filter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Hydraulic brake and clutch systems
• After disassembling the brake or clutch master cylinders, caliper cylinders or clutch release cylinder, always change
the fluid. Regularly check the brake and clutch fluid levels and fill the reservoirs as required.
• Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the brake or clutch master cylinders, caliper cylinders and clutch release
cylinder every two years.
• Replace the brake and clutch hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged.
7
7-7
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU19642
Specified spark plug:
Tightening torque:
Checking the spark plugs
NGK/DPR8EA-9
Spark plug:
The spark plugs are important engine
DENSO/X24EPR-U9
17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.7 ft·lbf)
components, which should be checked
periodically, preferably by a Yamaha
Before installing a spark plug, the spark
TIP
dealer. Since heat and deposits will
plug gap should be measured with a
If a torque wrench is not available when
cause any spark plug to slowly erode,
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary,
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
they should be removed and checked
adjusted to specification.
of the correct torque is 1/4-1/2 turn
in accordance with the periodic mainte-
past finger tight. However, the spark
nance and lubrication chart. In addition,
plug should be tightened to the speci-
the condition of the spark plugs can re-
fied torque as soon as possible.
veal the condition of the engine.
The porcelain insulator around the cen-
ter electrode of each spark plug should
be a medium-to-light tan (the ideal color
when the vehicle is ridden normally),
and all spark plugs installed in the en-
gine should have the same color. If any
7
1. Spark plug gap
spark plug shows a distinctly different
color, the engine could be operating im-
Spark plug gap:
properly. Do not attempt to diagnose
0.8-0.9 mm (0.031-0.035 in)
such problems yourself. Instead, have
a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Clean the surface of the spark
plug
If a spark plug shows signs of electrode
gasket and its mating surface, and then
erosion and excessive carbon or other
wipe off any grime from the spark plug
deposits, it should be replaced.
threads.
7-8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU19681
EAU38367
completely cooled down, and then
Canister (for California only)
Engine oil and oil filter car-
warmed up again for several minutes to
tridge
normal operating temperature.
The engine oil level should be checked
4. Wait a few minutes until the oil set-
before each ride. In addition, the oil
tles, remove the oil filler cap, wipe
must be changed and the oil filter car-
the dipstick clean, insert it back
tridge replaced at the intervals speci-
into the oil filler hole
(without
fied in the periodic maintenance and
screwing it in), and then remove it
lubrication chart.
again to check the oil level.
To check the engine oil level
TIP
1. Place the vehicle on a level sur-
The engine oil should be between the
This model is equipped with a canister
face and hold it in an upright posi-
minimum and maximum level marks.
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor
tion. A slight tilt to the side can
into the atmosphere. Before operating
result in a false reading.
this vehicle, make sure to check the fol-
2. Remove the rider seat. (See page
lowing:
4-13.)
Check each hose connection.
3. Start the engine, warm it up until
7
Check each hose and canister for
the engine oil has reached a nor-
cracks or damage. Replace if dam-
mal temperature of 60 °C (140 °F),
aged.
let it continue to idle for ten sec-
Make sure that the canister breath-
onds, and then turn the engine off.
er is not blocked, and if necessary,
clean it.
TIP
1. Engine oil filler cap
To achieve the proper engine oil tem-
perature for an accurate oil level read-
ing, the engine must have first
7-9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ECA10900
NOTICE
Make sure that the oil filler cap is se-
curely tightened, otherwise oil may
seep out when the engine is run-
ning.
To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter cartridge replace-
1. Maximum level mark
ment)
1. Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank)
2. Minimum level mark
1.
Place the vehicle on a level sur-
6. Place an oil pan under the engine
3. Dipstick
face.
to collect the used oil.
5. If the engine oil is at or below the
2.
Remove the rider seat. (See page
7. Remove engine oil drain bolts A
minimum level mark, add sufficient
4-13.)
and B to drain the oil from the
oil of the recommended type to
3.
Start the engine, warm it up for
crankcase.
raise it to the correct level.
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
7
TIP
4.
Place an oil pan under the oil tank
When adding oil, be careful not to over-
to collect the used oil.
fill the engine oil tank; the oil level rises
5.
Remove the engine oil filler cap
faster starting from the half level portion
and drain bolt to drain the oil from
on the dipstick.
the oil tank.
6. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler
hole, and then tighten the oil filler
cap.
1. Engine oil drain bolt A (crankcase)
7. Install the rider seat.
2. Engine oil drain bolt B (crankcase)
7-10
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
TIP
Skip steps 8-10 if the oil filter cartridge
is not being replaced.
8. Remove the oil filter cartridge with
an oil filter wrench.
1. O-ring
1. Oil filter cartridge
2. Torque wrench
TIP
Tightening torque:
Make sure that the O-ring is properly
Oil filter cartridge:
seated.
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
10. Install the new oil filter cartridge
1. Oil filter cartridge
11. Install the engine oil drain bolts,
with an oil filter wrench, and then
2. Oil filter wrench
and then tighten them to the spec-
tighten it to the specified torque
7
ified torques.
with a torque wrench.
TIP
An oil filter wrench is available at a
Tightening torques:
Yamaha dealer.
Engine oil drain bolt A (crankcase):
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
9. Apply a thin coat of clean engine
Engine oil drain bolt B (crankcase):
oil to the O-ring of the new oil filter
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank):
cartridge.
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
7-11
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ECA15080
12. Pour only
2.5 L
(2.6 US qt,
16.
Start the engine, and then let it idle
NOTICE
2.2 Imp.qt) of the specified amount
for several minutes while checking
of recommended engine oil
In order to prevent clutch slip-
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, im-
through the filler hole, insert the
page (since the engine oil also
mediately turn the engine off and
dipstick, and then tighten the oil fill-
lubricates the clutch), do not
check for the cause.
er cap.
mix any chemical additives. Do
17.
Turn the engine off, and then
13. Start the engine, rev it several
not use oils with a diesel speci-
check the oil level and correct it if
times, and then turn it off.
fication of “CD” or oils of a high-
necessary.
14. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
er quality than specified. In
18.
Install the rider seat.
and then gradually fill the oil tank
addition, do not use oils labeled
with the remaining oil quantity
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
while regularly checking the oil lev-
higher.
el on the dipstick.
Make sure that no foreign mate-
rial enters the oil tank.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 9-1.
Oil quantity:
1
Without oil filter cartridge replace-
7
ment:
4.10 L (4.33 US qt, 3.61 Imp.qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
4.90 L (5.18 US qt, 4.31 Imp.qt)
2
TIP
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
1. “CD” specification
parts after the engine and exhaust sys-
2. “ENERGY CONSERVING II”
tem have cooled down.
15. Install the engine oil filler cap.
7-12
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU20051
EAU36762
EAU21382
Transfer case oil
Air filter element
Checking the throttle cable
The transfer case must be checked for
The air filter element must be replaced
free play
oil leakage before each ride. If any
at the intervals specified in the periodic
leakage is found, have a Yamaha deal-
maintenance and lubrication chart.
er check and repair the vehicle. In addi-
Have a Yamaha dealer replace the air
tion, the transfer case oil level should
filter element.
be checked and the oil must be
changed by a Yamaha dealer at the in-
tervals specified in the periodic mainte-
nance and lubrication chart.
1. Throttle cable free play
The throttle cable free play should mea-
sure 4.0-6.0 mm (0.16-0.24 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if neces-
7
sary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
7-13
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21401
EAU32542
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
Valve clearance
Tires
tires):
The valve clearance changes with use,
To maximize the performance, durabil-
0-90 kg (0-198 lb):
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
ity, and safe operation of your motor-
Front:
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
cycle, note the following points
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
from occurring, the valve clearance
regarding the specified tires.
Rear:
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
90-210 kg (198-463 lb):
at the intervals specified in the periodic
Tire air pressure
Front:
maintenance and lubrication chart.
The tire air pressure should be checked
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
Rear:
ride.
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
EWA10501
Maximum load*:
210 kg (463 lb)
WARNING
* Total weight of rider, passenger, car-
Operation of this vehicle with im-
go and accessories
proper tire pressure may cause se-
EWA10511
vere injury or death from loss of
WARNING
control.
The tire air pressure must be
Never overload your vehicle. Opera-
7
checked and adjusted on cold
tion of an overloaded vehicle could
tires (i.e., when the temperature
cause an accident.
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
The tire air pressure must be ad-
justed in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, car-
go, and accessories approved
for this model.
7-14
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EWA10520
Tire inspection
Front tire:
WARNING
Size:
It is dangerous to ride with a worn-
130/70R18M/C 63H
out tire. When a tire tread begins to
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/D251F
show lines, have a Yamaha dealer
BRIDGESTONE/G851 RADIAL G
replace the tire immediately. Brakes,
Rear tire:
tires and related wheel parts re-
Size:
placement should also be left to a
190/60R17M/C 78H
Yamaha dealer.
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/D251
BRIDGESTONE/G850 RADIAL G
1. Tire sidewall
Tire information
2. Tire wear indicator
This motorcycle is equipped with cast
3. Tire tread depth
wheels and tubeless tires.
EWA10461
Always check the tires before operating
WARNING
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
The front and rear tires should be of
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
the same make and design, other-
7
in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, con-
wise the handling characteristics of
tact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
the vehicle may be different, which
have the tire replaced.
could lead to an accident.
After extensive tests, only the tires list-
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
ed below have been approved for this
rear):
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
7-15
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21960
EAU22072
EAU22271
Cast wheels
Clutch lever
Adjusting the rear brake light
To maximize the performance, durabil-
Since this model is equipped with a hy-
switch
ity, and safe operation of your vehicle,
draulic clutch, adjusting the clutch lever
note the following points regarding the
free play is not needed. However, it is
specified wheels.
necessary to check the clutch fluid level
The wheel rims should be checked
and check the hydraulic system for
for cracks, bends or warpage be-
leakage before each ride. If the clutch
fore each ride. If any damage is
lever free play does become excessive,
found, have a Yamaha dealer re-
and shifting becomes rough or clutch
place the wheel. Do not attempt
slippage occurs, causing poor acceler-
even the smallest repair to the
ation, there may be air in the clutch sys-
wheel. A deformed or cracked
tem. If there is air in the hydraulic
1. Rear brake light switch
wheel must be replaced.
system, have a Yamaha dealer bleed
2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
The wheel should be balanced
the system before operating the motor-
whenever either the tire or wheel
cycle.
The rear brake light switch, which is ac-
has been changed or replaced. An
tivated by the brake pedal, is properly
unbalanced wheel can result in
adjusted when the brake light comes
7
poor performance, adverse han-
on just before braking takes effect. If
dling characteristics, and a short-
necessary, adjust the brake light switch
ened tire life.
as follows.
Ride at moderate speeds after
Turn the rear brake light switch adjust-
changing a tire since the tire sur-
ing nut while holding the rear brake light
face must first be “broken in” for it
switch in place. To make the brake light
to develop its optimal characteris-
come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut
tics.
in direction (a). To make the brake light
come on later, turn the adjusting nut in
direction (b).
7-16
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU22390
EAU38630
indicator grooves have almost disap-
Checking the front and rear
Checking the brake and clutch
peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
brake pads
fluid levels
the brake pads as a set.
The front and rear brake pads must be
Front brake
checked for wear at the intervals spec-
EAU22500
Rear brake pads
ified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart.
EAU22430
Front brake pads
1. Minimum level mark
1. Lining thickness
Rear brake
Check each rear brake pad for damage
7
and measure the lining thickness. If a
brake pad is damaged or if the lining
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
thickness is less than 0.8 mm (0.03 in),
Each front brake pad is provided with
have a Yamaha dealer replace the
wear indicator grooves, which allow
brake pads as a set.
you to check the brake pad wear with-
out having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
1. Minimum level mark
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
7-17
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Clutch
Observe these precautions:
As the brake pads wear, it is nor-
When checking the brake and
mal for the brake fluid level to grad-
clutch fluid levels, make sure that
ually go down. However, if the
the top of each reservoir is level.
brake fluid level goes down sud-
Use only the recommended quality
denly, have a Yamaha dealer
brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
check the cause.
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking or clutch
performance.
1. Minimum level mark
Recommended brake and clutch flu-
id:
Insufficient brake or clutch fluid may al-
DOT 4 brake fluid
low air to enter the brake or clutch sys-
tems, possibly causing them to become
Refill with the same type of brake
ineffective.
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
TIP
lead to poor braking or clutch per-
7
The rear brake fluid reservoir is located
formance.
under the rider seat. (See page 4-13.)
Be careful that water does not en-
ter the brake or clutch fluid reser-
Before riding, check that the brake and
voir when refilling. Water will
clutch fluids are above the minimum
significantly lower the boiling point
level marks and replenish if necessary.
of the fluid and may result in vapor
A low brake or clutch fluid level may in-
lock.
dicate brake or clutch system leakage
Brake fluid may deteriorate paint-
and/or worn brake pads. If the brake or
ed surfaces or plastic parts. Al-
clutch levels are low, be sure to check
ways clean up spilled fluid
the brake or clutch systems for leakage
immediately.
and the brake pads for wear.
7-18
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU22751
EAU23040
3. Note the position of the drive belt
Changing the brake and
Drive belt slack
with a force of 45 N (4.5 kgf, 10 lbf)
clutch fluids
The drive belt slack should be checked
applied to the belt with a belt ten-
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
and adjusted at the intervals specified
sion gauge as shown.
brake and clutch fluids at the intervals
in the periodic maintenance and lubri-
cation chart.
TIP
specified in the TIP after the periodic
A belt tension gauge is available at a
maintenance and lubrication chart. In
EAU38410
Yamaha dealer.
addition, have the oil seals of the brake
To check the drive belt slack
and clutch master cylinders and cali-
1. Place the vehicle on the sidestand.
pers as well as the brake and clutch
2. Note the current position of the
hoses replaced at the intervals listed
drive belt using the marks near the
below or whenever they are damaged
drive belt check hole.
or leaking.
Oil seals: Replace every two
TIP
years.
The marks near the drive belt check
Brake and clutch hoses: Replace
hole are 5.0 mm (0.2 in) apart.
every four years.
7
1. Belt tension gauge
4. Calculate the drive belt slack by
subtracting the measurement not-
ed in step 2 from the measurement
noted in step 3.
Drive belt slack:
7.5-13.0 mm (0.30-0.51 in)
1. Drive belt
2. Marks
5. If the drive belt slack is incorrect,
3. Drive belt slack
have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
7-19
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23093
EAU23111
EAU44271
Checking and lubricating the
Checking and lubricating the
Checking and lubricating the
cables
throttle grip and cable
brake and shift pedals
The operation of all control cables and
The operation of the throttle grip should
the condition of the cables should be
be checked before each ride. In addi-
checked before each ride, and the ca-
tion, the cable should be lubricated at
bles and cable ends should be lubricat-
the intervals specified in the periodic
ed if necessary. If a cable is damaged
maintenance chart.
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.
WARNING! Damage to the outer
housing of cables may result in in-
ternal rusting and cause interfer-
ence with cable movement. Replace
damaged cables as soon as possi-
ble to prevent unsafe conditions.
[EWA10711]
7
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or
engine oil
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lu-
bricated if necessary.
7-20
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU43600
Recommended lubricant:
Recommended lubricant:
Checking and lubricating the
Lithium-soap-based grease
Silicone grease
brake and clutch levers
Brake lever
Clutch lever
7
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lu-
bricated if necessary.
7-21
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23202
EAU23250
EAU23272
Checking and lubricating the
Lubricating the rear suspen-
Checking the front fork
sidestand
sion
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic main-
tenance and lubrication chart.
To check the condition
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level sur-
The operation of the sidestand should
The pivoting points of the rear suspen-
face and hold it in an upright posi-
be checked before each ride, and the
sion must be lubricated at the intervals
tion. WARNING! To avoid injury,
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
specified in the periodic maintenance
securely support the vehicle so
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
and lubrication chart.
there is no danger of it falling
necessary.
over. [EWA10751]
7
EWA10731
Recommended lubricant:
2. While applying the front brake,
WARNING
Lithium-soap-based grease
push down hard on the handlebars
If the sidestand does not move up
several times to check if the front
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
fork compresses and rebounds
dealer check or repair it. Otherwise,
smoothly.
the sidestand could contact the
ground and distract the operator, re-
sulting in a possible loss of control.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
7-22
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23283
EAU23290
Checking the steering
Checking the wheel bearings
Worn or loose steering bearings may
The front and rear wheel bearings must
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
be checked at the intervals specified in
of the steering must be checked as fol-
the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
lows at the intervals specified in the pe-
tion chart. If there is play in the wheel
riodic maintenance and lubrication
hub or if the wheel does not turn
chart.
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
1. Place a stand under the engine to
the wheel bearings.
raise the front wheel off the
ECA10590
ground. (See page 7-29 for more
NOTICE
information.)
WARNING! To
If any damage is found or the front
avoid injury, securely support
fork does not operate smoothly,
the vehicle so there is no danger
have a Yamaha dealer check or re-
of it falling over. [EWA10751]
pair it.
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them for-
ward and backward. If any free
7
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
7-23
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU33652
working near batteries. In case
battery tends to discharge more quickly
Battery
of contact, administer the fol-
if the vehicle is equipped with optional
lowing FIRST AID.
electrical accessories.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
To store the battery
• INTERNAL: Drink large quan-
1.
If the vehicle will not be used for
tities of water or milk and im-
more than one month, remove the
mediately call a physician.
battery, fully charge it, and then
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
place it in a cool, dry place.
minutes and seek prompt
NOTICE: When removing the
medical attention.
battery, be sure the key is
1. Negative battery lead (black)
Batteries produce explosive hy-
turned to “OFF”, then discon-
2. Positive battery lead (red)
drogen gas. Therefore, keep
nect the negative lead before
3. Battery
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
disconnecting the positive lead.
away from the battery and pro-
[ECA16302]
This model is equipped with a VRLA
vide sufficient ventilation when
2.
If the battery will be stored for more
(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery.
charging it in an enclosed
than two months, check it at least
There is no need to check the electro-
7
space.
once a month and fully charge it if
lyte or to add distilled water. However,
KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTER-
necessary.
the battery lead connections need to be
IES OUT OF THE REACH OF
3.
Fully charge the battery before in-
checked and, if necessary, tightened.
EWA10760
CHILDREN.
stallation.
WARNING
4.
After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly con-
Electrolyte is poisonous and
To charge the battery
nected to the battery terminals.
dangerous since it contains sul-
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the bat-
furic acid, which causes severe
tery as soon as possible if it seems to
burns. Avoid any contact with
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
skin, eyes or clothing and al-
ways shield your eyes when
7-24
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ECA10631
EAU38373
NOTICE
Replacing the fuses
The main fuse, the fuel injection system
Always keep the battery
fuse, and the fuse box, which contains
charged. Storing a discharged
the fuses for the individual circuits, are
battery can cause permanent
located under the rider seat. (See page
battery damage.
4-13.)
To charge a VRLA (Valve Regu-
lated Lead Acid) battery, a spe-
cial
(constant-voltage) battery
charger is required. Using a
1.
Fuse box
conventional battery charger
2.
Auxiliary DC connector fuse
will damage the battery. If you
3.
Signaling system fuse
do not have access to a con-
4.
Ignition fuse
stant-voltage battery charger,
5.
Backup fuse (for odometer and clock)
have a Yamaha dealer charge
6.
ECU (Electronic Control Unit) fuse
your battery.
7.
Headlight fuse
8.
Taillight fuse
1.
Main fuse
9.
Spare fuse
2.
Fuel injection system fuse
7
3.
Fuel injection system spare fuse
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
4.
Fuse box
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not
use a fuse of a higher amperage
rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive dam-
age to the electrical system and
possibly a fire. [EWA15131]
7-25
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU38454
oughly clean off any dirt and fin-
Specified fuses:
Replacing a headlight bulb
Main fuse:
gerprints on the headlight bulb
50.0 A
using a cloth moistened with al-
Headlight fuse:
cohol or thinner.
20.0 A
Headlight lens
Signaling system fuse:
Do not affix any type of tinted
10.0 A
Ignition fuse:
film or stickers to the headlight
25.0 A
lens.
Fuel injection system fuse:
Do not use a headlight bulb of a
15.0 A
wattage higher than specified.
ECU (Electronic Control Unit) fuse:
10.0 A
Auxiliary DC connector fuse:
1. Low beam headlight bulb
3.0 A
2. High beam headlight bulb
Taillight fuse:
This model features a headlight
10.0 A
Backup fuse:
equipped with two quartz bulbs. If the
10.0 A
high beam or the low beam bulb burns
out, replace it as follows.
7
3.
Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
ECA10650
the electrical circuit in question to
NOTICE
check if the device operates.
Take care not to damage the follow-
1.
Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
4.
If the fuse immediately blows
ing parts:
again, have a Yamaha dealer
Headlight bulb
check the electrical system.
Do not touch the glass part of
the headlight bulb to keep it free
from oil, otherwise the transpar-
ency of the glass, the luminosity
of the bulb, and the bulb life will
be adversely affected. Thor-
7-26
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
1. Coupler
1. Headlight bulb holder cover
3. Remove the headlight unit by re-
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
Removing the headlight unit
moving the screws.
and then unhook the headlight
1. Remove the headlight body cover
bulb holder.
by removing the bolts.
7
1. Screw
1. Headlight coupler
1. Bolt
To replace the high beam headlight
2. Headlight bulb holder
2. Headlight body cover
bulb
3. Remove the burnt-out bulb.
2. Disconnect the coupler shown.
1. Remove the headlight bulb holder
cover by turning it counterclock-
wise.
7-27
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU24181
4. Place a new headlight bulb into po-
Installing the headlight unit
Tail/brake light
sition, and then secure it with the
1. Install the headlight unit by install-
This model is equipped with an LED-
bulb holder.
ing the screws.
type tail/brake light.
5. Connect the coupler, and then in-
2. Connect the coupler to the head-
If the tail/brake light does not come on,
stall the headlight bulb holder cov-
light body cover.
have a Yamaha dealer check it.
er by turning it clockwise.
3. Install the headlight body cover by
installing the bolts.
To replace the low beam headlight bulb
4. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
1. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
headlight beam if necessary.
and then remove the burnt-out
bulb by turning it counterclock-
wise.
7
1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb
2. Install a new bulb by turning it
clockwise.
3. Connect the headlight coupler.
7-28
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU38382
EAU24330
EAU24350
Replacing a turn signal light
License plate light
Supporting the motorcycle
bulb
If the license plate light does not come
Since this model is not equipped with a
1. Remove the turn signal light lens
on, have a Yamaha dealer check the
centerstand, follow these precautions
by removing the screw, and then
electrical circuit or replace the bulb.
when removing the front and rear
turning the lens counterclockwise.
wheel or performing other maintenance
requiring the motorcycle to stand up-
right. Check that the motorcycle is in a
stable and level position before starting
any maintenance. A strong wooden
box can be placed under the engine for
added stability.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
1. Screw
an additional motorcycle stand is
2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
not available, by placing a jack un-
7
pushing it in and turning it counter-
der the frame in front of the rear
clockwise.
wheel.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
2. Raise the front wheel off the
push it in, and then turn it clock-
ground by using a motorcycle
wise until it stops.
stand.
4. Install the lens by turning it clock-
wise, and then installing the screw.
To service the rear wheel
NOTICE: Do not overtighten the
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
screw, otherwise the lens may
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motor-
break. [ECA11191]
cycle stand is not available, by placing
7-29
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU25851
a jack either under each side of the
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
Troubleshooting
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
gasoline vapors can ignite or ex-
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
each side of the swingarm.
plode, causing severe
injury
or
a thorough inspection before shipment
property damage.
from the factory, trouble may occur dur-
ing operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems your-
self. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
7
Use only genuine Yamaha replace-
ment parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferi-
or, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
EWA15141
WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the ar-
ea, including pilot lights from water
7-30
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU42601
Troubleshooting chart
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the compression.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
The engine does not start.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the compression.
2. Compression
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
Operate the electric starter.
Have a Yamaha dealer
There is no compression.
check the vehicle.
3. Ignition
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
Wet
Operate the electric starter.
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.
The engine does not start.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Check the battery.
7
4. Battery
The engine turns over
The battery is good.
quickly.
The engine does not start.
Operate the electric starter.
Have a Yamaha dealer
The engine turns over
Check the battery lead connections,
check the vehicle.
slowly.
and charge the battery if necessary.
7-31
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EAU37833
EAU26073
ucts onto seals, gaskets, the drive
Matte color caution
Care
belt and wheel axles. Always rinse
ECA15192
While the open design of a motorcycle
the dirt and degreaser off with wa-
NOTICE
reveals the attractiveness of the tech-
ter.
Some models are equipped with
nology, it also makes it more vulnera-
matte colored finished parts. Be
ble. Rust and corrosion can develop
Cleaning
sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for
even if high-quality components are
ECA10771
advice on what products to use be-
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go un-
NOTICE
fore cleaning the vehicle. Using a
noticed on a car, however, it detracts
Avoid using strong acidic wheel
brush, harsh chemical products or
from the overall appearance of a motor-
cleaners, especially on spoked
cleaning compounds when cleaning
cycle. Frequent and proper care does
wheels. If such products are
these parts will scratch or damage
not only comply with the terms of the
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
their surface. Wax also should not
warranty, but it will also keep your
not leave the cleaner on the af-
be applied to any matte colored fin-
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
fected area any longer than in-
ished parts.
and optimize its performance.
structed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immedi-
Before cleaning
ately dry it, and then apply a cor-
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
rosion protection spray.
plastic bag after the engine has
Improper cleaning can damage
cooled down.
plastic parts such as cowlings,
8
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
panels, windshields, headlight
as well as all electrical couplers
lenses, meter lenses, etc. Use
and connectors, including the
only a soft, clean cloth or
spark plug caps, are tightly in-
sponge with mild detergent and
stalled.
water to clean plastic.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
Do not use any harsh chemical
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
products on plastic parts. Be
with a degreasing agent and a
sure to avoid using cloths or
brush, but never apply such prod-
sponges which have been in
8-1
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
contact with strong or abrasive
scratched, use a quality plastic
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold wa-
cleaning products, solvent or
polishing compound after
ter and a mild detergent, after the
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re-
washing.
engine has cooled down.
movers or inhibitors, brake flu-
NOTICE: Do not use warm water
id, antifreeze or electrolyte.
since it increases the corrosive
After normal use
Do not use high-pressure wash-
action of the salt. [ECA10791]
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
ers or steam-jet cleaners since
2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
they cause water seepage and
a corrosion protection spray on all
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
deterioration in the following ar-
metal, including chrome- and nick-
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
eas: seals (of wheel and swing-
el-plated, surfaces to prevent cor-
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
arm bearings, fork and brakes),
rosion.
and insects will come off more easily if
electric components (couplers,
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
connectors,
instruments,
After cleaning
a few minutes before cleaning.
switches and lights), breather
1.
Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
hoses and vents.
or an absorbing cloth.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
For motorcycles equipped with
2.
Use a chrome polish to shine
on salt-sprayed roads
a windshield: Do not use strong
chrome, aluminum and stainless-
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
cleaners or hard sponges as
steel parts, including the exhaust
during winter are extremely corrosive in
they will cause dulling or
system.
(Even the thermally in-
combination with water, carry out the
scratching. Some cleaning com-
duced discoloring of stainless-
following steps after each ride in the
8
pounds for plastic may leave
steel exhaust systems can be re-
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
scratches on the windshield.
moved through polishing.)
roads.
Test the product on a small hid-
3.
To prevent corrosion, it is recom-
den part of the windshield to
TIP
mended to apply a corrosion pro-
make sure that it does not leave
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
tection spray on all metal,
any marks. If the windshield is
remain well into spring.
including chrome- and nickel-plat-
ed, surfaces.
4.
Use spray oil as a universal clean-
er to remove any remaining dirt.
8-2
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ECA10950
EAU26281
5. Touch up minor paint damage
NOTICE
Storage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted and chrome-plat-
Apply spray oil and wax spar-
Short-term
ed surfaces. Avoid combination
ingly and make sure to wipe off
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
cleaner waxes, many of which
any excess.
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
contain abrasives that may mar
Never apply oil or wax to the
against dust with a porous cover.
the paint or protective finish.
drive belt.
ECA10810
7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
Never apply oil or wax to any
NOTICE
before storing or covering it.
rubber and plastic parts, but
EWA11131
Storing the motorcycle in a
treat them with a suitable care
WARNING
poorly ventilated room or cover-
product.
ing it with a tarp, while it is still
Contaminants on the brakes or tires
Avoid using abrasive polishing
wet, will allow water and humid-
can cause loss of control.
compounds as they will wear
ity to seep in and cause rust.
Make sure that there is no oil or
away the paint.
To prevent corrosion, avoid
wax on the brakes or tires.
damp cellars, stables (because
If necessary, clean the brake
TIP
of the presence of ammonia)
discs and brake linings with a
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
and areas where strong chemi-
regular brake disc cleaner or ac-
what products to use.
cals are stored.
etone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild deter-
8
gent. Before riding at higher
Long-term
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
Before storing your motorcycle for sev-
braking performance and cor-
eral months:
nering behavior.
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
8-3
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
3.
Perform the following steps to pro-
4.
Lubricate all control cables and the
tect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
pivoting points of all levers and
from corrosion.
pedals as well as of the side-
a.
Remove the spark plug caps
stand/centerstand.
and spark plugs.
5.
Check and, if necessary, correct
b.
Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
the tire air pressure, and then lift
into each spark plug bore.
the motorcycle so that both of its
c.
Install the spark plug caps onto
wheels are off the ground. Alterna-
the spark plugs, and then place
tively, turn the wheels a little every
the spark plugs on the cylinder
month in order to prevent the tires
head so that the electrodes are
from becoming degraded in one
grounded. (This will limit spark-
spot.
ing during the next step.)
6.
Cover the muffler outlet with a
d.
Turn the engine over several
plastic bag to prevent moisture
times with the starter. (This will
from entering it.
coat the cylinder walls with oil.)
7.
Remove the battery and fully
WARNING! To prevent dam-
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
age or injury from sparking,
place and charge it once a month.
make sure to ground the
Do not store the battery in an ex-
spark plug electrodes while
cessively cold or warm place [less
8
turning the engine over.
than 0 °C (30°F) or more than 30
[EWA10951]
°C (90°F)]. For more information
e.
Remove the spark plug caps
on storing the battery, see page
from the spark plugs, and then
7-24.
install the spark plugs and the
TIP
spark plug caps.
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
8-4
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Engine oil:
Spark plug (s):
Overall length:
Type:
Manufacturer/model:
2580 mm (101.6 in)
YAMALUBE 4 20W-50 or SAE 20W-50
NGK/DPR8EA-9
Overall width:
Recommended engine oil grade:
Manufacturer/model:
1100 mm (43.3 in)
API service SG type or higher, JASO
DENSO/X24EPR-U9
Overall height:
standard MA
Spark plug gap:
1100 mm (43.3 in)
Engine oil quantity:
0.8-0.9 mm (0.031-0.035 in)
Seat height:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
Clutch:
705 mm (27.8 in)
4.10 L (4.33 US qt, 3.61 Imp.qt)
Clutch type:
Wheelbase:
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
Wet, multiple-disc
1715 mm (67.5 in)
4.90 L (5.18 US qt, 4.31 Imp.qt)
Transmission:
Ground clearance:
Transfer gear oil:
Primary reduction system:
155 mm (6.10 in)
Type:
Spur gear
Minimum turning radius:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Primary reduction ratio:
3480 mm (137.0 in)
Quantity:
72/51 (1.412)
Weight:
0.55 L (0.58 US qt, 0.48 Imp.qt)
Secondary reduction system:
With oil and fuel:
Air filter:
Chain/belt drive
340.0 kg (750 lb)
Air filter element:
Secondary reduction ratio:
Engine:
Oil-coated paper element
37/30 × 70/31 (2.785)
Engine type:
Fuel:
Transmission type:
Air cooled 4-stroke, OHV
Recommended fuel:
Constant mesh 5-speed
Cylinder arrangement:
Premium unleaded gasoline only
Operation:
V-type 2-cylinder
Fuel tank capacity:
Left foot operation
Displacement:
17.0 L (4.49 US gal, 3.74 Imp.gal)
Gear ratio:
1854.0 cm³
Fuel reserve amount:
1st:
Bore × stroke:
3.0 L (0.79 US gal, 0.66 Imp.gal)
38/16 (2.375)
9
100.0 × 118.0 mm (3.94 × 4.65 in)
Fuel injection:
2nd:
Compression ratio:
Throttle body:
33/21 (1.571)
9.48 :1
Manufacturer:
3rd:
Starting system:
MIKUNI
29/25 (1.160)
Electric starter
Type/quantity:
4th:
Lubrication system:
AC43/2
26/28 (0.929)
Dry sump
5th:
24/30 (0.800)
9-1
SPECIFICATIONS
Chassis:
Front:
Front suspension:
Frame type:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Type:
Double cradle
Rear:
Telescopic fork
Caster angle:
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
Spring/shock absorber type:
31.30 °
Loading condition:
Coil spring/oil damper
Trail:
90-210 kg (198-463 lb)
Wheel travel:
152.0 mm (5.98 in)
Front:
130.0 mm (5.12 in)
Front tire:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Rear:
Type:
Tubeless
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
Swingarm (link suspension)
Size:
Front wheel:
Spring/shock absorber type:
130/70R18M/C 63H
Wheel type:
Coil spring/gas-oil damper
Manufacturer/model:
Cast wheel
Wheel travel:
DUNLOP/D251F
Rim size:
110.0 mm (4.33 in)
Manufacturer/model:
18M/C x MT4.00
Electrical system:
BRIDGESTONE/G851 RADIAL G
Rear wheel:
Ignition system:
Rear tire:
Wheel type:
TCI (digital)
Type:
Cast wheel
Charging system:
Tubeless
Rim size:
AC magneto
Size:
17M/C x MT5.50
Battery:
190/60R17M/C 78H
Front brake:
Model:
Manufacturer/model:
Type:
GT14B-4
DUNLOP/D251
Dual disc brake
Voltage, capacity:
Manufacturer/model:
Operation:
12 V, 12.0 Ah
BRIDGESTONE/G850 RADIAL G
Right hand operation
Headlight:
Loading:
Recommended fluid:
Bulb type:
Maximum load:
DOT 4
Halogen bulb
9
210 kg (463 lb)
Rear brake:
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
Type:
Low beam headlight:
accessories)
Single disc brake
12 V, 51.0 W × 1
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
Operation:
High beam headlight:
tires):
Right foot operation
12 V, 55.0 W × 1
Loading condition:
Recommended fluid:
Tail/brake light:
0-90 kg (0-198 lb)
DOT 4
LED
9-2
SPECIFICATIONS
Front turn signal/position light:
Auxiliary DC connector fuse:
12 V, 23 W/8.0 W × 2
3.0 A
Rear turn signal light:
Backup fuse:
12 V, 21.0 W × 2
10.0 A
License plate light:
12 V, 5.0 W
Meter lighting:
LED
Neutral indicator light:
LED
High beam indicator light:
LED
Turn signal indicator light:
LED
Fuel level warning light:
LED
Engine trouble warning light:
LED
Fuses:
Main fuse:
50.0 A
Headlight fuse:
20.0 A
Taillight fuse:
10.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
9
10.0 A
Ignition fuse:
25.0 A
ECU (Electronic Control Unit) fuse:
10.0 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
15.0 A
9-3
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26351
EAU26381
EAU26400
Identification numbers
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and mod-
el label information in the spaces pro-
vided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehi-
cle is stolen.
KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
1. Key identification number
1. Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the key tag. Record this
stamped into the steering head pipe.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
number in the space provided and use
Record this number in the space pro-
NUMBER:
it for reference when ordering a new
vided.
key.
TIP
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motor-
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
cycle with the licensing authority in your
area.
10
10-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26470
Model label
1. Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 4-13.)
Record the information on this label in
the space provided. This information
will be needed when ordering spare
parts from a Yamaha dealer.
10
10-2
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26551
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately
inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can also
obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
10
10-3
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26560
Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new ve-
hicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
• Muffler
• Exhaust pipe
• Silencer
Intake system
• Air cleaner case
• Air cleaner element
• Intake duct
10
10-4
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26632
Maintenance record
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your vehicle will be required to document that
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
Maintenance
Date of
Servicing dealer
Mileage
Remarks
interval
service
name and address
600 mi
(1000 km) or
1 month
4000 mi
(7000 km) or
6 months
8000 mi
(13000 km) or
12 months
12000 mi
(19000 km) or
18 months
16000 mi
(25000 km) or
24 months
20000 mi
(31000 km) or
30 months
24000 mi
(37000 km) or
36 months
28000 mi
10
(43000 km) or
42 months
32000 mi
(49000 km) or
48 months
10-5
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
Date of
Servicing dealer
Mileage
Remarks
interval
service
name and address
36000 mi
(55000 km) or
54 months
40000 mi
(61000 km) or
60 months
10
10-6
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26663
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. hereby warrants that
THE CUSTOMER’S RESPONSIBILITY under this
Engine
new Yamaha motorcycles will be free from defects in
warranty shall be to:
Displacement
Period
material and workmanship for the period of time stated
1.
Operate and maintain the motorcycle as specified in
Under 50cc
6,000 km (3,750 miles)
herein, subject to certain stated limitations.
the appropriate Owner’s Manual, and
or five years, whichever occurs first
2.
Give notice to an authorized Yamaha motorcycle
THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY for Yamaha motorcycles
dealer of any and all apparent defects within ten (10)
50cc to 169cc
12,000 km (7,465 miles)
originally equipped with headlight, stoplight, and turn
days after discovery, and make the machine available
or five years whichever occurs first
signals shall be one (1) year from the date of purchase,
at that time for inspection and repairs at such dealer’s
with no mileage limitation.
place of business.
170cc to 279cc
18,000 km (11,185 miles)
or five years, whichever occurs first
MODELS EXCLUDED FROM WARRANTY include
WARRANTY TRANSFER: To transfer the warranty from
those used for non-Yamaha-authorized renting, leasing
the original purchaser to any subsequent purchaser, it is
280cc and over
30,000 km (18,641 miles)
or other commercial purposes, and TZ models.
imperative that the machine be inspected and registered
or five years, whichever occurs first
for warranty by an authorized Yamaha motorcycle dealer.
DURING THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY, any authorized
In order for this warranty to remain in effect, this
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. MAKES NO
Yamaha motorcycle dealer will, free of charge, repair or
inspection and registration must take place within ten
OTHER WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED OR
replace any part adjudged defective by Yamaha due to
(10) days after transfer. An inspection and registration fee
IMPLIED. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
faulty workmanship or material from the factory. Parts used
will be charged for this service.
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
in warranty repairs will be warranted for the balance of the
PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH EXCEED THE
product’s warranty period. All parts replaced under
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY:
OBLIGATIONS AND TIME LIMITS STATED IN THIS
warranty become property of Yamaha Motor Corporation,
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. also warrants to the
WARRANTY ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED BY YAMAHA
U.S.A.
ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser of
MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. AND EXCLUDED
each Yamaha motorcycle covered by this warranty with a
FROM THIS WARRANTY.
GENERAL EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
displacement of
50cc or greater, that the vehicle is
include any failures caused by:
designed, built, and equipped so as to conform at the
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON
a)
Competition or racing use.
time of sale with all U.S. emissions standards applicable
HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE
b)
Installation of parts or accessories that are not
at the time of manufacture and that it is free from defects
ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. ALSO
qualitatively equivalent to genuine Yamaha parts.
in materials and workmanship which would cause it not
EXCLUDED FROM THIS WARRANTY ARE ANY
c)
Abnormal strain, neglect, or abuse.
to meet these standards within the period listed
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
d)
Lack of proper maintenance.
immediately below. Failures other than those resulting
INCLUDING LOSS OF USE. SOME STATES DO NOT
e)
Accident or collision damage.
from defects in material or workmanship, which arise
ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
f) Modification to original parts.
solely as a result of owner abuse and/or lack of proper
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO
maintenance, are not covered by this warranty.
THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include parts replaced due to normal wear or routine
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL
maintenance.
RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS
WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
10
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, California 90630
10-7
CONSUMER INFORMATION
WARRANTY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
CUSTOMER SERVICE
Q. What costs are my responsibility during the warranty period?
If your machine requires warranty service, you must take it to any authorized Yamaha
A. The customer’s responsibility includes all costs of normal maintenance services,
motorcycle dealer within the continental United States. Be sure to bring your warranty
non-warranty repairs, accident and collision damages, and oil, oil filters, air filters,
registration card or other valid proof of the original date of purchase. If a question or
spark plugs, and brake shoes.
problem arises regarding the warranty, first contact the owner of the dealership. Since
all warranty matters are handled at the dealer level, this person is in the best position to
Q. What are some examples of “abnormal” strain, neglect, or abuse?
help you. IF you are still not satisfied and require additional assistance, please write to:
A. These terms are general and overlap each other in areas. Specific examples
include: Running the machine out of oil, sustained high rpm, full-throttle, operating
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
the machine with a broken or damaged part which causes another part to fail,
CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT
damage or failure due to improper or careless transportation and/or tie-down. If
P.O. Box 6555
you have any specific questions on operation or maintenance, please contact your
Cypress, California 90630
dealer for advice.
When contacting Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A., don’t forget to include any
Q. Does the warranty cover incidental costs such as towing or transportation due to
important information such as names, addresses, model, V.I.N. (frame number),
a failure?
dates, and receipts.
A. No. The warranty is limited to repair of the machine itself.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS
Q. May I perform any or all of the recommended maintenance shown in the Owner’s
Manual instead of having the dealer do them?
The federal government requires each manufacturer of a motor vehicle to maintain a
A. Yes, if you are a qualified mechanic and follow the procedures specified in the
complete, up-to-date list of all first purchasers against the possibility of a safety-
Owner’s and Service Manual. We do recommend, however, that items requiring
related defect and recall. This list is compiled from the purchase registrations sent to
special tools or equipment be done by a Yamaha motorcycle dealer.
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. by the selling dealer at the time of your purchase.
Q. Will the warranty be void or cancelled if I do not operate or maintain my new
If you should move after you have purchased your new motorcycle, please advise us
motorcycle exactly as specified in the Owner’s Manual?
of your new address by sending a postcard listing your motorcycle model name, V.I.N.
A. No. The warranty on a new motorcycle cannot be “voided” or “cancelled.” However,
(frame number), dealer number (or dealer’s name) as it is shown on your warranty
if a particular failure is caused by operation or maintenance other than as
card, your name and new mailing address. Mail to:
described in the Owner’s Manual, that failure may not be covered under
warranty.
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
P.O. Box 6555
Q. What responsibility does my dealer have under this warranty?
Cypress, California 90630
A. Each Yamaha motorcycle dealer is expected to:
Attention: Warranty Department
1. Completely set up every new machine before sale.
2. Explain the operation, maintenance, and warranty requirements to your
This will ensure that Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. has an up-to-date registration
satisfaction at the time of sale, and upon your request at any later date.
record in accordance with federal law.
3. Each Yamaha motorcycle dealer is held responsible for his setup, service and
warranty repair work.
10
Q. Is the warranty transferable to second owners?
A. Yes. The remainder of the existing warranty can be transferred upon request. The
unit has to be inspected and re-registered by an authorized Yamaha motorcycle
dealer for the policy to remain effective.
10-8
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26750
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
Keep your Yamaha protected even after your warranty
In addition, Travel and Recreation Interruption Protection
expires with genuine Yamaha Extended Service (Y.E.S.).
(TRIP) is included at no extra cost. TRIP gives you up to
$150 reimbursement per occurrence for any reasonable
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by Yamaha Motor
expenses you incur because your Yamaha needs
Corporation to provide maximum owner satisfaction. You
covered service: replacement vehicle rental, emergency
get uninterrupted factory-backed coverage for extra
towing, phone calls, even food and lodging when you are
peace of mind.
away from home. This superb coverage goes into effect
Y.E.S. is flexible. You choose the plan that’s right for
when you purchase Y.E.S., so it applies to any warranty
you: 12 months, 24 months, 36 months or, on certain
repairs as well as covered repairs during your entire
models, even 48 months beyond your warranty period.
Y.E.S. plan period.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by the same
Y.E.S. coverage is honored at any authorized Yamaha
Yamaha people who handle your warranty - and it
dealer nationwide.
shows in the comprehensive coverage benefits. There
Y.E.S. coverage is transferable to a new owner if you
are no mileage limitations. Coverage isn’t limited to
sell or trade-in. That can make your Yamaha much more
“moving parts” or the “drive train” like many other plans.
valuable!
And Y.E.S. covers manufacturing defects just like the
warranty. See the sample contract at your Yamaha
This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to
dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factory-
Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still
backed protection can be.
within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your
authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show
You don’t have to pay anything for covered repairs.
you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha
There’s no deductible to pay, and repairs aren’t
Extended Service.
“pro-rated.” You don’t have any “out-of-pocket” expenses
for covered repairs.
10
10-9
CONSUMER INFORMATION
We urge you to act now. You’ll get the excellent benefits of
TRIP coverage right away, and you’ll rest easy knowing
you’ll have strong factory-backed protection even after your
Yamaha Limited Warranty expires.
A special note:
If visiting your dealer isn’t convenient, contact Yamaha with
your Primary ID number (your frame number). We’ll be
happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.
Yamaha Service Marketing
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, CA 90630
1-(866)-YES-EXTD (1-866-937-3983)
10
10-10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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